Chapter 7 terms & Key Points
Admiralty Courts Stamp Act and Sugar Act offenses were tried in this court. Juries were not allowed and the burden of proof was on the defendant. All were assumed to be guilty until proven innocent. Trial by jury and innocent until proven guilty were basic rights that the British people everywhere had held dear. Boston Port Act One such law was the Boston Port Act. It closed the Boston harbor until damages were paid and order could be ensured. British East India Company If the company collapsed, the London government would lose much money. Therefore, the London government gave the company a full monopoly of the tea sell in America. Committe of Correspondence Created by the American colonies in order to maintain communication with one another. They were organized in the decade before the Revolution when communication between the colonies became essential. Radical Whigs Second idea that shaped American political though derived from British political commentators. The Whigs feared that the liberty of the people was threatened by the whim of the monarch. Republicanism Meant a just society was one in which all citizens subordinated their private, selfish interest to the common good. Stamp Act Congress of 1765 Gathered in New York City, 27 delegates from nine colonies. The members debated and then drew up a statement of their rights and grievances and asked the king and Parliament to repeal the offensive legislation Sugar Act of 1764 First law passed by Parliament that raised tax revenues in the colonies for the crown. It increased duty on foreign sugar imported from the West Indies. The Association The most important outcome of the Congress, It called for a complete boycott of British goods; nonimportation, non-exportation, and non-consumption. "Champagne Charley" Townshend minister whose clever attempt to impose import taxes nearly succeeded, but eventually brewed more trouble for Britain Admiralty Court hated British courts in which...
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