Chapter 2 Psychology Notes

Topics: Psychology, Scientific method, Mind Pages: 0 (1333 words) Published: September 10, 2014
PSYCHOLOGY 100
Lecture 01
Chapter 01: Introducing the world of psychology

Lecture outline
• The importance of p y
p
psychology
gy
• History of psychology
• Contemporary psychology
• Psychological research methods

The importance of psychology
• Understanding and applying the p
g
pp y g
principles of p y
p
psychology
gy

can affect us in critical ways
• Psychology can help us understand other people and

ourselves
• Psychology can help us improve our lives

The importance of psychology
• Psychology:
y
gy

• Mental activity lets us perceive the world
• Behavior refers to all of our actions that result from sensing and g

interpreting information

The importance of psychology
• Psychology teaches critical thinking:
y
gy
g

• Three questions involved in critical thinking
1. What
1 “What am I being asked to believe or accept?”
accept?
2. “What evidence is provided to support the claim?”
3. “What are the most reasonable conclusions?”

The importance of psychology
• Psychology can foster academic and p
y
gy
professional

success
• Academic success: learning about psychology's major issues,

theories,
theories and controversies will help you succeed in your academic work
• Professional success: studying psychology will also prepare you for success in your professional life

Lecture outline
• The importance of p y
p
psychology
gy
• History of psychology
• Contemporary psychology
• Psychological research methods

History of psychology
• The goal of understanding human thought and behavior
g
g
g

originated in philosophy
• Philosophical issues related to psychology
• Nature/nurture of mind and behavior
• Mind/brain problems
• What is consciousness?

History of psychology
• Aristotle and Plato
• Nature/nurture debate: both
nature and nurture influence
our psychological
development
• Mind/body problem: are the
mind and the body separate
and distinct?
• Descartes’s dualism:...
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