Branches of Psychology

Topics: Psychology, Branches of psychology, Applied psychology Pages: 6 (1883 words) Published: December 31, 2012
1. Clinical psychology - integrates science, theory, and practice in order to understand, predict and relieve maladjustment, disability, and discomfort. Clinical psychology also promotes adaption, adjustment and personal development. 2. Evolutionary psychology - this looks at how human behavior has been affected by psychological adjustments during evolution. Just as biologists talk about natural selection or sexual selection during evolution, this branch of psychology applies psychology to the same way of thinking. An evolutionary psychologist believes, for example, that language or memory perception are functional products of natural selection. 3. Health psychology - also called behavioral medicine or medical psychology. This branch observes how behavior, biology and social context influence illness and health. 4. Neuropsychology - studies the structure and function of the brain in relation to clear behaviors and psychological processes. Neuropsychology is also involved in lesion studies in the brain, as well as recording electrical activity from cells and groups of cells in higher primates, including some human studies. 5. Occupational psychology (also known as industrial-organizational psychology, I-O psychology, work psychology, organizational psychology, work and organizational psychology, occupational psychology, personnel psychology or talent assessment) - studies the performance of people at work and in training, develops an understanding of how organizations function and how people and groups behave at work. The occupational psychologist aims to increase effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction at work. 6. Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is a psychological approach that uses the theory of behaviorism to modify human behaviors as part of a learning or treatment process. 7. Child development in behavior analytic theory-Watson also helped bring a natural science perspective to child psychology by introducing objective research methods based on observable and measurable behavior. 8. Behavioral neuroscience, also known as biological psychology,[1] biopsychology, or psychobiology. It is the application of the principles of biology (in particular neurobiology), to the study of physiological, genetic, and developmental mechanisms of behavior in human and non-human animals. 9. African American Psychology is a field of African American, Black, and African psychology, which is studied from two perspectives. The first perspective is that the concepts and theories of psychology are universal, which means African Americans can be studied through these laws and theories as well as other human beings. The second perspective is the Africentric scholar approach, which is that African American psychology is the psychology of people of African descent and their beliefs and behaviors important in order to study African Americans. 10. Anomalistic psychology is the study of human behavior and experience connected with what is often called the paranormal, without the assumption that there is anything paranormal involved. 11. Adaptive Comparative Judgment is a technique borrowed from psychophysics which is able to generate reliable results for educational assessment 12. Cardiac psychology is a specialization of health psychology that focuses on the primary and secondary prevention of heart disease by incorporating strategies to address the emotional and behavioral barriers to lifestyle changes 13. Comparative psychology refers to the scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of non-human animals, especially as these relate to the phylogenetic history, adaptive significance, and development of behavior. 14. Conservation psychology is the scientific study of the reciprocal relationships between humans and the rest of nature, with a particular focus on how to encourage conservation of the natural world. 15. Consulting psychology is a specialty area of psychology that addressed the...
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