Biology II Anatomy and Physiology Study Guide

Topics: Epithelium, Gland, Connective tissue Pages: 2 (344 words) Published: February 26, 2014
1.Be able to make a table listing the four major types of tissue. Describe the function, location, distinguishing characteristics, and make a sketch of each type. 2.Know the function and the components that make up the extra cellular matrix in connective tissue. 3.Know the three those of muscle tissue and give the function and location of each type. 4.Review the difference between tissue that is vascular and tissue that is avascular. Avascular: not many blood vessels and minimum blood flow; found in skin Vascular: a lot of blood vessels and a lot of blood flow

5.Review the difference between tendons and ligaments
Tendons: connects muscle to bon
Ligaments: connects bone to bone
6.Describe the general characteristics of neurons.
7.Make a list of the different types of epithelial tissue. Discuss the function and location of each type. Simple Squamous
Function: absorption and secretion
Location: lines body cavities and lungs and capillaries
Simple Cuboidal
Function: secretion
Location: salivary glands, kidney tumbles, and ovaries
Simple Columnar
Function: secretion/ produce mucus
Location: digestive tract from stomach to anus
Pseudostratified Columnar
Function: absorption or secretion
Location: respiratory tract and trachea
Stratified Squamous
Function: protective covering on surfaces with a lot of friction Location: skin, mouth, and esophagus
Stratified Columnar: protection
Location: ducts of large glands
Transitional Epithelium
Function: allow for stretching of a few organs
Location: lining of organs in urinary system
Glandular epithelium (secretion)
Endocrine- Function: secrete hormones into blood vessels
Location: thyroid, adrenal, and pituitary gland
Exorcise- Function: empty sweat and oil through ducts to the epithelial tissue
Location: sweat and oil glands
8.Review the different types of connective tissue. Make sure you know the function, the general characteristics of each type, and where in the body each...
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