Battles of the stars: Bruce Lee vs. Jackie Chan

Topics: Bruce Lee, Hong Kong action cinema, Chinese martial arts Pages: 5 (1432 words) Published: November 27, 2013


Battles of the stars: Bruce Lee vs. Jackie Chan

English 111 Professor DeJesus June 15, 2013

OUTLINE

I.Thesis Statement: America’s movie relationship with martial arts has been a rocky one since the late twentieth century, but in recent years, Hollywood has seen a renewed interest among American audiences in Kung Fu cinema, which was pioneered by Bruce Lee and transformed by Jackie Chan. II.Bruce Lee

A. Martial Arts Background
B. Types of Techniques
C. Audience Appeal
III.Jackie Chan
A. Martial Arts Background
B. Types of Techniques
C. Audience Appeal
IV.Conclusion

Battles of the stars: Bruce Lee vs. Jackie Chan

America’s movie relationship with martial arts has been a rocky one since the late twentieth century. In recent years, Hollywood has seen a renewed interest among American audiences in Kung Fu cinema, which was pioneered by Bruce Lee and transformed by Jackie Chan. Although Bruce Lee died in 1973, he is most argued by martial arts enthusiasts as a better martial artist than Jackie Chan. For the purpose of this paper, I will compare and contrast the martial arts of Bruce Lee and Jackie Chan, fighting styles and movie audience appeal.

Bruce Lee was born Lee, Jun-Fan on November 27, 1940, in San Francisco, California and was raised in Kowloon, an urban area of Hong Kong with his family until his late teens. A child star in dozens of Hong Kong films, he catapulted to fame in Asia thanks to his role as Kato in “The Green Hornet; the breaker of all box office records with, first, his Hong Kong martial arts films The Big Boss and Fists of Fury and then the Hollywood and Golden Harvest co-produced Enter the Dragon– a film that was ‘global’ to a hitherto unprecedented extent.

After losing a street fight, Lee began training in Wing Chun at the age of 13 under the Wing Chun teacher Yip Man in 1954. The largest influence on Lee's martial arts development was his study of Wing Chun. Wing Chun Gung Fu or Kung Fu is a concept-based Chinese martial art and form of self-defense utilizing both striking and grappling while specializing in real world, close-range combat. The style generally consisted of the forms practice, chi sao (sticking hands) drills, wooden dummy techniques, and free-sparring. Lee moved to the United States in 1959 at the age of 18 to receive higher education and it was during this time that he began teaching martial arts. [4] He called what he taught Jun Fan Gung Fu (literally Bruce Lee's Kung Fu). It was basically his approach to Wing Chun. In the spring of 1964, Lee dropped out of college and moved to Oakland to live with James Yimm Lee , a well-known Chinese martial artist in the area. James Lee was also responsible for introducing Bruce Lee to Ed Parker, American martial artist, and organizer of the 1964 Long Beach International Karate Championships at which Bruce Lee was later "discovered" by Hollywood. Lee was invited to the Long Beach International Karate Championships by Ed Parker, and performed repetitions of two-finger push-ups and his famous "One inch punch" Also during this time, he met Taekwondo master Jhoon Goo Rhee, and developed a martial arts friendship. Rhee taught Lee taekwondo kicks in detail, and Lee taught Rhee the "non-telegraphic" punch. Later in his life, Lee began researching various fighting styles, he incorporated the taekwondo that had learned from Rhee, and gave his martial art the name of Jeet Kune Do. Not wanting to create another style that would share the limitations that all styles have, he instead described the process that he used to create it...

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