Attempts to Control Population Growth Are Ineffective

Topics: Population, Population growth, Demography Pages: 3 (1001 words) Published: September 23, 2012
During the Baby Boom of 1960s there was an exponentially rise in population going from 2.5 billion to 6.1 billion in just 50 years, from then on it was clear that population control would be on the forefront of government agenda’s worldwide. Population has a direct impact on the economy, providing services and the usage of scare resources. Governments therefore attempt to control population numbers. There are contrasting strategies depending on whether the country wishes to increase its population size or whether to limit it. With the two polices being pro-natalist which attitude encourages childbearing and anti-natalist which does not. Firstly, I will discuss ineffective population policies that governments have put in place, yet have ultimately failed to control the population in its chosen direction. For instances, Singapore, between 1960s and 70s had an anti-natalist policy in place. However, as economic prospered and population growth rate fell, it adopted a pro-natalist policy the target set at increasing population by 40% in 40 years. With a replacement rate of only 1.006 in 1975 action was needed. It introduced many campaigns that aimed to promote marriage; in this case incentives such as ‘love cruises’ and cash incentives to families that have 3 or more children. In addition subsides were also put on baby caring products such as baby milk and primary schooling. Despite all this effort Singapore government found it difficult to raise the population growth. Although the number of marriages increased, the birth rate did not rise and sat at 7.72/1000. Another policy that has had limited success is that of Indian anti-natalist policy. India's population is estimated to be around one billion; India has one of the highest population growth rates in the world at 1.4%. Its main source of lowering the birth-rate was through investing in population education and family planning (increase usage of contraception). In spite of this India still have a very high growth...
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