Ap World Final Study Guide

Topics: Hinduism, Neolithic, Mesopotamia Pages: 8 (2599 words) Published: February 25, 2013
AP World Final Study Guide
Definitions up to 600 BCE:
Paleolithic: The period of the stone age associated with the evolution of humans (Old Stone Age, and was a time of nomads and hunter gatherers) Neolithic Revolution: Agricultural Revolution in the New Stone Age Pastoralists: A way a life dependent on large herds of small and large stock (Africa and Central Asia) Hunter-Gatherers: A way of life of people who support themselves by hunting wild animals and gathering edible plants and insects Hittites: The Hittites were an ancient Anatolian people who established an empire at Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around the 18th century BC, which reached its height during the mid-14th century BC under Suppiluliuma I, encompassing an area that included most of Asia Minor as well as parts of the northern Levantand Upper Mesopotamia. After c. 1180 BC, the empire came to an end in the Bronze Age collapse, splintering into several independent "Neo-Hittite" city-states, some surviving until the 8th century BC. Hittite Language. Compound Bows: A compound bow is a modern bow that uses a levering system, usually of cables and pulleys, to bend the limbs. Chariots: a four wheeled carriage (used by Hittites)

Ziggurats: in ancient Mesopotamia) a rectangular stepped tower, sometimes surmounted by a temple. Ziggurats are first attested in the late 3rd millennium bc and probably inspired the biblical story of the Tower of Babel Cuneiform: denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit, surviving mainly impressed on clay tablets Quipu: an ancient Inca device for recording information, consisting of variously colored threads knotted in different ways. Vedic Religion: the ancient religion of the Aryan peoples who entered northwestern India from Persia c. 2000–1200 bc. It was the precursor of Hinduism, and its beliefs and practices are contained in the Vedas. Hebrew Monotheism: The belief in only one God from the perspectives of the Jews. Zoroastrianism: a monotheistic pre-Islamic religion of ancient Persia founded by Zoroaster in the 6th century bc . (Darius was a large proponent) Epic of Gilgamesh: The Epic of Gilgamesh, an epic poem from Mesopotamia, is amongst the earliest surviving works of literature. Rig Veda: the oldest and principal of the Vedas, a collection of 1028 hymns composed in the 2nd millennium bc in early Sanskrit, and Veda is the most ancient Hindu scriptures, written in early Sanskrit and containing hymns, philosophy, and guidance on ritual for the priests of Vedic religion. Believed to have been directly revealed to seers among the early Aryans in India, and preserved by oral tradition Book of the Dead: a collection of ancient Egyptian religious and magical texts, selections from which were often written on or placed in tombs Definitions 600 BCE-600 CE

Shamanism: a person regarded as having access to, and influence in, the world of good and evil spirits, esp. among some peoples of northern Asia and North America. Typically such people enter a trance state during a ritual, and practice divination and healing. Animism: the attribution of a soul to plants, inanimate objects, and natural phenomena. Judaism: the monotheistic religion of the Jews.

Sanskrit: an ancient Indic language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian languages are derived. Brahma: the creator god in later Hinduism, who forms a triad with Vishnu the preserver and Shiva the destroyer. Buddhism: a widespread Asian religion or philosophy, founded by Siddartha Gautama in northeastern India in the 5th century bc. Ashoka: emperor of India c. 269–232 bc. He converted to Buddhism and established it as the state religion. (inscribed it in stones to preserve it) Confucianism: Chinese ethical and philosophical system developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (孔夫子 Kǒng Fūzǐ, or K'ung-fu-tzu,...
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