AP World Chapter 12 Notes

Topics: Song Dynasty, China, Han Dynasty Pages: 6 (2678 words) Published: October 26, 2014

Reunification and Renaissance in Chinese Civilization: The Era of the Tang and Song Dynasties
Chapter Thesis
I. Rebuilding the Imperial Edifice in the Sui-Tang Era
Sui Excesses and Collapse
The Emergence of the Tang and the Restoration of the Empire
Rebuilding the World’s Largest and Most Pervasive
Institutionalizing Meritocracy: The Growing Importance of the Examination System State and Religion in the Tang and Song Eras
The Anti-Buddhist Backlash
II. Tang Decline and the Rise of the Song
The Founding of the Song Dynasty
Song Politics: Settling for Partial Restoration
The Revival of Confucian Thought
Roots of Decline: Attempts at Reform
Reaction and Disaster: The Flight to the South
III. Tang and Song Prosperity: The Basis of a Golden Age
A New Phase of Intercontinental Commercial Expansion by Land and Sea Expanding Agrarian Production and Life in the Country

Family and Society in the Tang and Song Eras
The Neo-Confucian Assertion of Male Dominance
Invention, Artistic creativity, and China’s Global impact

Scholarly Refinement and Artistic Accomplishment

Centralized control and a strong military brought long periods of peace, during which the ruling elites promoted technological innovation, agrarian expansion, and commercial enterprise at both home and overseas. Yang Jian secured his power base by winning the support of neighboring nomadic military commanders allowing his to reunite the traditional core areas of Chinese civilization for the first time in over three and a half centuries. His son the Yangdi emperor, who murdered his father to reach the throne, extended conquests and drove back nomadic intruders in the north [P] Milder legal code [P]

Devoted resources to upgrading Confucian education [PC]
Restore exam system [PC]
Yangdi fond of luxury and extravagant construction projects [PI] Forcibly conscripted hundreds of thousands of peasants to build palaces, a new capital city at Luoyang and series of great canals to link various parts of empire[SPIE] Failed to bring Korea back under Chinese rule [P]

Failures in Korean campaigns between 611 and 614 and Turkic nomads in 615 set in motion widespread revolts throughout empire Yangdi assassinated by his own ministers in 618 [SP]
Li Yuan, the Duke of Tang, was loyal supporter of Sui ruler for many years [P] Convinced only rebellion could save family and empire [SP]
With his second son, Tang Taizhong, Li Yuan laid basis for the golden age of the Tang [P] Conquered as far as present-day Afghanistan [P]
Many nomadic people had to submit to Tang rule [P]
Completed repairs begun by the Sui on the northern walls and created frontier armies [P] Sons of Turkic tribal leaders sent to the capital as hostages to guarantee good behavior [SP] Also educated in Chinese ways [SP]

Extended to parts of Tibet in the west, red rier valley homeland of the Vietnamese in the south and Manchuria in the north [P] Yangzi river basin and much of south fully integrated with north china for the first time since the Han [P] In 668, under Gaozong, Korea overrun by Chinese armies and vassal kingdom called Silla was established [P] In mater of decades, Tang built empire far larger than early Han empire or borders of present day china [P] From time of Yangdi, fortunes of scholar-gentry improved [SP] Tang used scholar-gentry bureaucrats to offset power of the aristocracy [P] Political power in China shared by succession of imperial families and the bureaucrats of the civil service system [P] Bureaucracy reached from the imperial palace to the sub prefecture, or district level, roughly equal to an American country [P] One secretariat drafted imperial decrees; a second monitored reports of regional and provincial officials and petitions of local notables [P] Executive department, divided into six ministries- including war, justice, and public works- ran empire on day-to-day basis [P] Powerful Bureau of Censors who kept track of officials at...
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