Ap Us History, Chapters 11-18

Topics: John Quincy Adams, Thomas Jefferson, United States Pages: 37 (10315 words) Published: November 11, 2012
AP US History Review 2009 Session #2 1800-1850
Includes the following chapters from The American Pageant (12th edition): Ch 11-18

Ch. 11 The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic, 1800-1812 John Adams:
One of the greatest problems that John Adams and the Federalists faced in the election of 1800 was – Adams’s refusal to take the country to war against France [Alien and Sedition Acts]
Thomas Jefferson:
In the election of 1800, the Federalists accused Thomas Jefferson of all of the following
having robbed a widow
having fathered numerous mulatto children by his own slave women
being an atheist
having robbed children of their trust funds
In the 1800 election Thomas Jefferson won the state of New York because – Aaron Burr used his influence to turn the state to Jefferson The Jeffersonian Democratic-Republicans presented themselves as all of the following:

strict constructionists – protectors of agrarian purity
believers of political and economic liberty – strong supporters of state’s rights
They did not present themselves as believers in a strong central government Thomas Jefferson received the bulk of his support from the – South and West In 1800, Thomas Jefferson was chosen president by the – House of Representatives Thomas Jefferson’s “Revolution of 1800” was remarkable in that it – marked the peaceful and orderly transfer

of power on the basis of election results accepted by all parties Thomas Jefferson was elected president by the House of Representatives when – a few Federalists refrained from voting
Thomas Jefferson saw his election and his mission as president to include all of the following
to return to the original spirit of the revolution
restore the republican experiment
check the growth of the republican experiment
halt the decay of virtue
But not to support the establishment of a strong army
As president, Thomas Jefferson’s stand on several political issues that he had previously championed – was reversed
With Thomas Jefferson’s election as president, the Democratic-Republican party – grew less unified as the Federalist party began to fade and lose power Thomas Jefferson’s presidency was characterized by his – moderation in the administration of public policy On becoming president, Thomas Jefferson and the Republicans in Congress immediately repealed – the excise tax on whiskey [Whiskey Rebellion]

When it came to the major Federalist economic programs, Thomas Jefferson as president – left practically all of them intact
Thomas Jefferson and his followers opposed John Adams’ last-minute appointment of new federal judges
mainly because – it was an attempt by a defeated party to entrench itself in the government [“Midnight Judges”]
Chief Justice John Marshall:
The chief justice who carried out, more than any other federal official, the ideas of Alexander Hamilton
concerning a powerful federal government was – John Marshall [Federalist] Before he became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, John Marshall’s service at Valley Forge during the
American Revolution convinced him – of the drawbacks of feeble central authority

As chief justice of the United States, John Marshall helped to ensure that – the political and economic systems were based on a strong central government The legal precedent for judicial review was established when – the Supreme Court declared the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional The case of Marbury v. Madison involved the question of who had the right to – declare an act of Congress unconstitutional [Judicial Review] John Marshall, as chief justice of the United States, helped to strengthen the judicial branch of government by – asserting the doctrine of judicial review of congressional legislation Thomas Jefferson (Again):

Thomas Jefferson’s failed attempt to impeach and convict Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase for “high crimes and misdemeanors” meant that...
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