AP language rhetorical terms list

Topics: Rhetoric, Post hoc ergo propter hoc, Word Pages: 15 (1876 words) Published: December 3, 2013
AP Language and Composition Literary and Rhetorical Terms List

Look up the words and fill in the chart as best as you can. Some of the terms are review and some are new. We will use this list throughout the year so keep an updated copy with you in class. You may choose to make note cards for study but they are not required for a grade. Periodically, you will be quizzed on how well you know the terms by using in your writing and recognizing in text.

Terms
When do I use it?
Define it
Can I recognize it?
Can I use it in my writing?
ad hominen
argument
appealing to feelings or prejudices rather than intellect

ad populum

fallacious argument that concludes a proposition to be true because many or most people believe it.

allegory
literary device
 The representation of abstract ideas or principles by characters, figures, or events in narrative, dramatic, or pictorial form.

alliteration
style
The repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables

allusion
rhetoric device
reference

ambiguity
tone
 Doubtfulness or uncertainty as regards interpretation

analogy

Similarity of functions or properties; likeness

antecedent
grammar
 A preceding occurrence, cause, or event.

antithesis

opposite

aphorism

A tersely phrased statement of a truth or opinion; an adage

apostrophe

The direct address of an absent or imaginary person or of a personified abstraction, especially as a digression in the course of a speech or composition.

attitude
essay
A state of mind or a feeling; disposition

atmosphere

A dominant intellectual or emotional environment or attitude

begging the question

type of informal fallacy in which an implicit premise would directly entail the conclusion; in other words, basing a conclusion on an assumption that is as much in need of proof or demonstration as the conclusion itself

chiasmus

A rhetorical inversion of the second of two parallel structures

clause

A group of words containing a subject and a predicate and forming part of a compound or complex sentence.

colloquialism

Characteristic of or appropriate to the spoken language or to writing that seeks the effect of speech; informal.

conceit

A favorable and especially unduly high opinion of one's own abilities or worth.

concrete detail

Specific details that form the backbone or core of the body paragraphs. Synonyms for concrete details include facts, specifics, examples, descriptions, illustrations, support, proof, evidence, quotations, paraphrases, or plot references.

connotation

An idea or feeling that a word invokes person in addition to its literal or primary meaning

denotation

The action or process of indicating or referring to something by means of a word, symbol, etc

descriptive detail

devices

A turn of phrase intended to produce a particular effect in speech or a literary work

diction

Word choice

didactic

ntended to teach, particularly in having moral instruction as an ulterior motive

euphemism

Mild expression in place of a severe one

extended metaphor

An extended metaphor, also called a conceit, is a metaphor that continues into the sentences that follow. It is often developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work, and are especially effective in poems and fiction.

false analogy

An informal fallacy applying to inductive arguments, in which the similarity in one respect of two concepts, objects, or events is taken as sufficient to establish that they are similar in another respect in which they actually are dissimilar

figurative language

Language that communicates ideas beyond the ordinary or literal meaning of the words. 

figure of speech

A figure of speech is a use of a word that diverges from its normal meaning, or a phrase with a specialized...
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