AP Language and Composition Literary and Rhetorical Terms List
Look up the words and fill in the chart as best as you can. Some of the terms are review and some are new. We will use this list throughout the year so keep an updated copy with you in class. You may choose to make note cards for study but they are not required for a grade. Periodically, you will be quizzed on how well you know the terms by using in your writing and recognizing in text.
When do I use it?
Can I recognize it?
Can I use it in my writing?
appealing to feelings or prejudices rather than intellect
fallacious argument that concludes a proposition to be true because many or most people believe it.
The representation of abstract ideas or principles by characters, figures, or events in narrative, dramatic, or pictorial form.
The repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables
Doubtfulness or uncertainty as regards interpretation
Similarity of functions or properties; likeness
A preceding occurrence, cause, or event.
A tersely phrased statement of a truth or opinion; an adage
The direct address of an absent or imaginary person or of a personified abstraction, especially as a digression in the course of a speech or composition.
A state of mind or a feeling; disposition
A dominant intellectual or emotional environment or attitude
begging the question
type of informal fallacy in which an implicit premise would directly entail the conclusion; in other words, basing a conclusion on an assumption that is as much in need of proof or demonstration as the conclusion itself
A rhetorical inversion of the second of two parallel structures
A group of words containing a subject and a predicate and forming part of a compound or complex sentence.
Characteristic of or appropriate to the spoken language or to writing that seeks the effect of speech; informal.
A favorable and especially unduly high opinion of one's own abilities or worth.
Specific details that form the backbone or core of the body paragraphs. Synonyms for concrete details include facts, specifics, examples, descriptions, illustrations, support, proof, evidence, quotations, paraphrases, or plot references.
An idea or feeling that a word invokes person in addition to its literal or primary meaning
The action or process of indicating or referring to something by means of a word, symbol, etc
A turn of phrase intended to produce a particular effect in speech or a literary work
ntended to teach, particularly in having moral instruction as an ulterior motive
Mild expression in place of a severe one
An extended metaphor, also called a conceit, is a metaphor that continues into the sentences that follow. It is often developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work, and are especially effective in poems and fiction.
An informal fallacy applying to inductive arguments, in which the similarity in one respect of two concepts, objects, or events is taken as sufficient to establish that they are similar in another respect in which they actually are dissimilar
Language that communicates ideas beyond the ordinary or literal meaning of the words.
figure of speech
A figure of speech is a use of a word that diverges from its normal meaning, or a phrase with a specialized...
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