Ap Language Fundamental Terms Study Guide

Topics: Sentence, Phrase, Word Pages: 16 (3374 words) Published: April 2, 2013
Fundamental Terms Study Guide – Vina Nguyen – December 1, 2012

Definition Conceptual, generalized, philosophical. Brings out hidden meaning. The subject of the sentence completes the action. Ignores real issue by turning attention to the individual, often in the form of a person attack. The repetition of identical, initial consonant sounds at the beginning of successive words. A passing reference to a famous person, place, or thing; whether it‟s a he, she, real, mythological, or literal. Occurs when the words at the end of one clause or phrase begins the very next clause or phrase. Illustration of one idea by using a better known, similar and parallel idea. The parallel repetition of successive words or phrases, lines, or clauses at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or lines, A short, personal story that is usually humorous. Words in one phrase or clause are replicated in exactly/closely in reverse grammatical order in the next phrase or clause to add emphasis and rhythm. When a single word is used in a sense directly opposite its usual meaning. Opposition or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction for emphasis. When you replace a proper name with an epithet; a nickname

Word/Term Abstract
(CP: Concrete)

Abbr Abs Act Ad Alli Allu

Active Voices
(CP: Passive)

Example Flag, man, door, beach, planet, phone, picture, house. I shot the sheriff, but I did not shoot the deputy. How do we even know if Barack Obama is a trueborn American? He has no birth certificate! Creepy cat cooks cocker-spaniel for crazy carnivorous cows. I want to go to the Eiffel Tower. Katniss Everdeen is my hero. Captain America is so amazing. Can you spend a little time? Time is slipping away, away from us so stay, stay with me I can make, make you glad you came. (usually a simile or metaphor) I want her to live. I want her to breathe. I want her to aerobicize. When I was your age, Pluto was a planet. When I was your age, I had to use a VCR. The absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. When the going gets tough, the tough get going. You can‟t call a skunk, “Flower”! Michael Jordan is a midget. Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I love Rome more. Elvis = The King Britney Spears = Queen of Pop

Ad Hominem “To The Man” Alliteration Allusion



Analogy Anaphora
(CP: Epistrophe)

Ana Anap

Anecdote Antimetabole/ Chiasmus

Anec A/C

Antiphrasis Antithesis Antonomasia

APhr Antit Anto

Fundamental Terms Study Guide – Vina Nguyen – December 1, 2012

When the speaker addresses a dead or absent person, and abstraction, or an inanimate object. Plays on a person‟s need to belong and fear of what can happen if one does not belong.



Trying to demonstrate the truth of a proposition by citing someone who agrees though the person may have no expertise in given area. (Pose noc, ergo propter hoc)

Appeal to Acceptance, Association Rejection Appeal to False/Faulty Authorities Appeal to False/Faulty Causes Appeal to False/Faulty Dilemmas Appeal to Large Numbers Appeal to Pity, Sympathy Appeal to Popular Passion Appeal to Prejudices, Stereotypes Appeal to Tradition

Acc/ Rej

Dear Summer 2013, Please come faster. Love, Vina. They invited her to sit with them while he sat alone, staring and wishing he could belong.


I own XYZ Cleaning Service. I can help you have a house as clean as mine. One night, two barking dogs sounded like they were fighting outside my window. A few minutes later, my doorbell rang. It was because of the dogs. George Bush believed the best way to fight back the terrorists in 2001 was to start a war. A seafood restaurant so exclusive 9 out of 10 fish can‟t get in. Starving Artist; Donations Accepted. Thin is in, but is it healthy?

A second even caused by a separate event that happened prior. Assumes that there are limited options. All options are not taken into account in a solution posed by a major premise....
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