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Ap Art History: Renaissance Study Guide

By mckdonnell Feb 27, 2013 1876 Words
Period: Early Renaissance (1200-1400)
Characteristics: Heavy symbolism as well as extreme detail, vibrant, rich colors, religious scenes
Location: Italy
Characterized by: Everyday life, religious like byzantine, architecture Romanesque w/ gothic ornamentation •Nicolo Pisano
oPulpit (1260)
Highly detailed-classical
Nicola (Giovanni son) Pisano
oThe Annunciation , Nativity, Admiration of the Shepherds (1270) •Plaza and Cathedral of Florence (1290)
oVery Romanesque piazza w/ limited decoration
oCathedral: gothic pointed arches not very tall, dome by Brunelleschi •Life of John the Baptist door by Andres Pisano (1330) Giotto •Cimabue
oVirgin and Child Enthroned (1280)
Gesturing to baby
Giotto
oVirgin and Child Enthroned (1310)
Holding Jesus like a mother, Jesus= peace sign
oArena Chapel (1300)
Cobalt Blue ceilings, paintings everywhere
Lamentation, commisoned, wht type of organization?
oPerspective, shows emotion, pastel
Duccio
oThe Maesta Siena Cathedral (1300)
oTempera on panel, altar piece. A part of Santa Maria Novella in florence, include patron saints of city.

oBetrayal of Jesus (1300)
Derived from byzantine because of the incorporation of gold leaf. Sienese art from Siena. This painting is made in tempera. This piece can be described as proto- renaissance. Simone marticelli resembles his work o

Pietro Lorenzetti
oBirth of the Virgin (1340)
Perspective
Palazzo Pubblico in Siena
oThe Effects of Good Government in the City and the Country (1340) •Lorenzo Maitani
oCathedral Orvieto (1310)
The Virgin and Child from St. Denis (1330)
oGothic S curve, all gold
Master Theodoric
oSaint Luke (1360)
Location: Flanders and Northern Europe
Characterized by: Religious themes, extreme detail, private devotional images, rich color •Claus Sluter
oWell of Moses (1406)
Has horns
Limbourg Brothers
oCalendar (1416)
Shows people in daily life
Made in 1400’s. this is manuscript illumination, represents labors of the months., represents international gothic style. Members of the court on an outgoing. Relared to duccio.

Unicorn is Found at the Fountain (1490)
oNo religious connections
Robert Campin
oThe Annunciation ( 1430)
Start of private devotional images
Triptych- patrons on left panel looking in on Mary (symbols) •Jan Van Eyck
oMan in Red Turban (1430)
oGiovanni Arnolfini and His Wife (1435)
Arnolfini and his wife. Pianted in the 15 century. Primarilly worked in bruges. Incorporated religious symbolism. It can be interpreted as a legal contract, propodsl or marriage. Highly naturalisti detail. Van Eyck includes himself in the background •

oChent Altarpiece (1432)
Shows Eve and Adam as real people
Rogier Van Der Weyden
oPortrait of a Lady (1460)
oDeposition of Notre-Dame (1435)
All positions reflect one another
oThe Last Judgment Altarpiece (1444)
Jesus is sitting on a rainbow
Dieric Bouts
oLast Supper (1468)
1 point perspective
oVirgin and Child (1460)
Look like real people, touching cheeks
Petrus Christus
oA Goldsmith in His Shop (1450)
Hugo Van Der Goes
oPortinari Altarpiece (1476)
Patron is really close to virgin
Hieratic scale
Fra Angelica, Annunciation panel
The subject matter is the annunciation. They come from the renaissance period. This fresco painting on wood panel. The painting was made for a religious insititution. Fra Angelico was the artist. This is an oil painting trptch

Location: Germany and Switzerland
Characterized by: Flemish illusionism and portraits, symbolism, detail, bold color, slightly abstract •Jean Fouquet
oEtienne Chevalier and St. Stephen and Virgin and Child (1455) •Slightly abstract, highly realistic on right
Michael Pacher
oWolfgang Altarpiece (1480)
All gold and wood
Martin Schongauer
oDemons Tormenting St. Anthony (1475)

Period: Renaissance Art 15 century
Characterized by: rediscovery of classical, harmony and proportion, humanism, linear perspective, pastel colors, architecture Location: Italy
Brunelleschi
oChurch of San Lorenzo, Florence (1430)
Sculptures by Donatello
oFlat roof w/ arcade
Luca del la Robbia
oThe Foundling Hospital
Math: Harmony and Balance
oMadonna and Child with Lilies (1460)
Nani Di Banco
oFour Crowned Saints (1410)
Donatello
oDavid (1460)
Hat and Sword
oDonatello used contrapost in the metalwork. Both sculptures were created in Florence. Nudity is related to classical antiquity. It was commissioned by a guild, and was placed in St. mark oMary magdelena

Focus on psychology and emotion not realism. More expressionistic •Verrocchio
oDavid (1470)
Hand on hip
oEquestrian Monument of Bartolommeo
Shard lines, muscular, stiff
Ghiberti
oDoors of Paradise (1450)
Gold, depth, high relief, mastery of perspective
How is it gothic and how is it renaissance?
Pollaiuolo
oHercules and Antaeus (1475)
Dudes all up in each other’s bidness
oBattle of the Ten Nudes (1465)
Reference used by all artists
Masaccio
Tribute to money
oHoly Trinity w/ Virgin and friends (1430)
Patrons inside image w/ holy beings 1st time
What is the archecture in background, What artist does I resemble? Whose is the inspirartion? Wha type of medium? oExpulsion of Adam and Eve from Eden monumental nude figures (1425) •Fran Angelico

oMonastery of San Marco (1460)
Fra Lippi
oPortrait of a Man and a Woman (1440)
Uccello (Battle of San Romano 1455) obsessed w/ perspective •Castagno
oThe Last Supper (W/ marble walls and judas on wrong side of table) Period: Renaissance Art (15 Century- 16 Century)
Characterized by: huge classical influence, religious images, playing w/ perspective, individuality in peoples faces and halos that look like “hats” •Laurana
oDucal Palace (1460)
No more awkward conjuctures of arcades
Montefeltro wooden study
Piero Francesca
oBatista Sforza and Federico de Montefeltro
People looking at one another
oBaptism of Christ (1450)
oTriumph of Federico and Battista (1475)
Mantegna
oCamera Picta (1470)
Di Sotto in Sú perspective
oThe Dead Christ
Funky perspective
Perugino
oDelivery of the keys to Saint Peter (1480)
oUses continuous narration
oEstablishes rome as a center of art
oFigures can be describe as solid and 3d. St peter is found in both works Massaccio. Found in Rome. Both pictures do not have multiple vanishing points. oADBADBDC
Atmospheric perspective
Ghirlandalo
oNativity and Adoration of the Shepherds (1485)
Botticelli
oBirth of Venus (1482)
Boticelli, end of 15 century, Medici were the patrons
Derived from a classical statute, innovative at the time because of nudity, neoplatonism, graceful linearity

oPrimavera (1482)
Bellini
oSt. Francis in Ecstasy
oVirgin and Child Enthroned with the Saints (1478)
Period: High Renaissance Art (1490-1530)
Characterized by: Triangles, extreme classical influence, intricate details, sends clear message not really symbols, more interested in the natural world
Location: All of Europe
Leonardo da Vinci: Mysterious backgrounds, sfumato: transition from light to dark oVirgin of the Rocks (1485)
oThe Last Supper (1495) judas is holding $
oMona Lisa (1503)
oVitruvian Man (1490) the one that shows porpotions- the dude in the circle •Raphael: sweet, light colors, light scenes, bright lights oSmall Cowper Madonna (1505)
oMadonna in the Meadow (1505)
oSchool of Athens (1510)
oLeo X with Cardinals (1517)
oBaldassare Castiglione (1514)
oThe Triumph of Galatea (1513)
Bramante: Architect
oChurch of San Pietro (1502) looks like roman temple
Michelangelo: Muscle definition, sculptor, extreme body twists and psychological element to works oPieta (1500)
oDavid (1501) -> sense of impendng action
oMoses, Tomb of Julius II (1513)
oSistine Chapel Paintings (1508)
Creation of Man
oTomb of Giuliano de Medici (1520) obvious use of man for model oMuseo Capitolino Building (1337)
Brought piece together using large columns
oSaint Peters Basilica (1550) based on Bramante’s plan
oPalazzo Famese (1520) looks like a super plain rectangle of a building Location: Venice, Italy (they were special…I guess)
Characterized by: super classical
Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints (1478) woman with violin at their feet •San Zaccaria Altarpiece (1505)
Giorgione
oThe Tempest (1506)
Titian: classical beauty, real background, emotional works not really psychological oPastoral Concert (1510)
oFeast of the Gods
oPesaro Madonna (1520) the one with a big column and flag
oMeeting of Bacchus and Ariadne (1522) swooping cape
oVenus of Urbino (1538)
oIsabella d’Este (1534)
Correggio
oAssumption of the Virgin (1526)
Someone is falling through a hole in the clouds
Di Sotto in Sú perspective
Procession of the Relic of the True Cross before the Church of St. Mark Period: Mannerism Art (1500-1600)
Characterized by: sack of Rome in 1527 ended the high renaissance period, emotional and expressionist, shoes human being with human form, not classical…odd and abstract at times
Location: Europe
Pontormo Descent from the cross. Mannerist?
oEntombment (1525)
Pastel colors, tight linen, overlapping bodies
Parmigianino
oMadonna with Long Neck (1534)
Bronzino
oAllegory with Venus and cupid (1540)
oPortrait of a young man (1540)
Saltcellar of Francis I (1539)
oNo artist- salt shaker
Giuliano Romano
oPalazzo del Te
Funny lookin
Giacomo della Porta (1533)
oidk if this is the name of the artist or building but it has swoopy things on either side of façade oEl Greco
Location: Venice
Tintoretto
oThe Last Supper
Dark, spirits as light source
Paolo Veronese
oSupper in the House of Levi
oTriumph of Venice (1585)
Palladio: architect
oVilla Rotunda: party villa
Central plan
Introduced the domestic dome
oChurch of San Giorgio
On waterfront
Façade for a basilica
Dome
Period: Post-Renaissance Art (1500-1600)
Characterized by: liked white walls In the churches, Anglican church was created, symbolism, depictions of everyday life, landscapes, portraits and sort of abstract art
Italy
Bernini
oSaint Theresa of Avilla ???????????
Mystical experience of mother Theresa. Located in rome
Commissioned by Lorenzo de Medici. Promoted ideas
associated with the counter reformation. Theatrical stage design is present. Patron family member painted on the sides From the baroque period oApollo and daphne
oDavid
Baroque sculpture, also sculpted by Donatello. Hellenistic greek statue inspired by fleeting moment Designed for St. peters collande and commissioned by religious patrons. Focuses on theatrical illusion and an axial twist motion. o

Gentilschi,
oJudith slaying Holofernes
oInspired by Caravaggio, and took the scence from the apochrypa. This piece uses lights to creat drama. Gentileschi was taught by a relative to paint. BARROMINI 17TH CENTURY
o
Location: Germany
Characterized by: naturalism, bronze, wood, guilded
Matthias Grunewald
oThe Crucifixion (1515)
Albrecht Durer
oSelf-Portrait (1493)
oFour Horsemen of the Apocolypse (1500) wood
oAdam and Eve (1504) engraving
oMelencholia 1 (1514)
oKnight, Death and the Devil (1513)
oSaint Jerome in his study (1514)
oFour Apostles (1526)
Albrecht Altdorfer: landscapes
oDanube Landscape (1525)
oBattle of Issus (1529)
Location: France
Characterized by: rich colors, symbolism, detail
Jean Clouet
oFrancis I (1525)
Primaticcio
oChateau of Pontainebleau
Pierre Lescot
oLouvre Palace (1546)
Location: England
Characterized by: Portraits, rich colors, symbolism
Hans Holbein the Younger
oHenry VII (1540)
oFrench Ambassadors (1533)
Levina Teerling
oElizabeth ! when Princess (1559)
Location: Netherlands
Characterized by: Odd, ethereal art softer colors, depiction of everyday life •Bosch
oGarden of Earthly Delights (1505)
Caterina van Hemessen
oSelf-portrait (1548)
Peter Bruegel the Elder
oThe Hunters in the Snow (1565)
oPeasant Wedding (1568)
oNetherlandish Proverbs (1559
> Rembrandt Self Portrait, Baroque, dramatic use of light
Spain
Las Valequez how does this servethe purpose for the artist and the patron?

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