Exam 1 Review Sheet (review 7-9 pm)
Anthropology 101, Fall 2013
Lecture 1 (Intro/What is Anthro)
Kottak ch. 1 (TWO QUESTIONS) – what anthropologist do, 4 fields, diversity Festival Formatting- (foods they eat, how they dress, religious beliefs etc) prove that you’re this or that, usually identifies that you are secular. Have an identity and display it, marketed in English to present yourself to a larger society with no class differences. If you represent mainstream you can’t be in a festival formatting. Anthropology- The study of the human species and its immediate ancestors. Holism- situate anything with the human condition- finds relations to something else (the whole)
Comparative because you compare societies and cultures to other societies and cultures. It develops a cross-cultural understanding of humanity. (Time and place) Four fields of anthropology
Linguistic - The branch of anthropology that studies linguistic variation in time and space, including interrelations between language and culture; includes historical linguistics and sociolinguistics. (Language, why we chose words) Socio-Cultural- The study of human society and culture; describes, analyzes, interprets, and explains social and cultural similarities and differences. Describes, analyzes, interprets, and explains the differences and similarities found among human societies and cultures today and in the (recent) past. (Talk to people) Biological The branch of anthropology that studies human biological diversity in time and space—for instance, hominid evolution, human genetics, human biological adaptation; also includes primatology (behavior and evolution of monkeys and apes). Also called physical anthropology. (primate, forensic, evolution)
Archaeology The branch of anthropology that reconstructs, describes, and interprets human behavior and cultural patterns through material remains; best known for the study of prehistory. Also known as "archaeology." (dig, material remains, pots)
Ethnography Field work in a particular culture.- Long term residence in a community, learning a new language, develop intimate relationships with people who are unlike you, reveals a lot about the anthropologist
Ethnology The theoretical, comparative study of society and culture; compares cultures in time and space. Comparing ethnographies!
Applied anthropology- The application of anthropological data, perspectives, theory, and methods to identify, assess, and solve contemporary social problems. Lecture 2 (Ethnographic Fieldwork) --- 7 questions, techniques and tatics to do field work, emic and etic approaches, shaped using material from ethnography) Kottak ch. 3
Participant observation- Method of Sociocultural anthropology, A characteristic ethnographic technique; taking part in the events one is observing, describing, and analyzing. record everything there, interview them, recruite natives to help, get life histories)
Bronislaw Malinowski- Socio-Cultural anthro- (participant observation- record everything there, interview them, recruite natives to help, get life histories) RULES OF AN ETHNOGRAPHY- His method: (1) cut yourself off from your own kind of people; (2) immerse yourself in the social world you’re studying. Then (1) find patterns, structures, “anatomy” of social life; (2) fill in details of everyday life, the “imponderabilia,” through close observation; (3) collect a “corpus inscriptionum,” a set of telling examples. Do all this in order to “understand the native’s point of view.” Cultural consultants- Someone the ethnographer gets to know in the field, who teaches him or her about their society and culture, aka informant.
Emic- The research strategy that focuses on native explanations and criteria of significance. (This is how people explain their cultural reality, local, experimental, particular) INSIDER COMMUNITY
Etic- The research strategy that emphasizes the observer's rather than the natives' explanations, categories, and criteria of significance....
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