APUSH Outline Ch. 4
American Life in the Seventeenth Century (1607 - 1692)
During the seventeenth century the colonies were thriving and held together by Atlantic economy. Though still attached to England, the way of life in America was completely different from lifestyle in England. Even in America the differences throughout the colonies were obvious. Everyone had to adapt to new way of life. The Indians, the Europeans, and African slaves had to learn to adjust. o
This was a period of adaptation for the people and evolution in a government away from its Motherland had begun.
The Unhealthy Chesapeake
English colonists were learning to adjust to a completely new environment. a.
Disease struck them harshly
Few people lived to turn 20 years old
Disease wiped out whole settlements
Families were usually small and very fragile
Over time, native-born inhabitants began to acquire antibodies to most diseases 5)
At one point, women became scarce.
The Tobacco Economy
The Chesapeake Bay was immensely shaped by its Tobacco economy. Profit as well as demand was great. a.
Demand meant more labor but who would do it
Plantation owners used indentured servants to work their plantations b.
Millions of pounds of Tobacco were exported
Approx. 40 million pounds per year
Prices went down since tobacco was so easy to cultivate, yet farmers kept buying land for more plantations. 3)
Needed fresh workers for labor.
Frustrated Freemen and Bacon’s Rebellion
The Chesapeake Bay was full of disappointed men in search for land. Their discontent soon grew enough for an outbreak to hit. a.
Nathaniel Bacon decided to rebel and with that came a revolution. 1)
Fought with Indians
Chased gov. Berkeley out of Jamestown.
There was chaos everywhere in Virginia
As the rebellion faded due to weakness and disease, Berkeley took matters into his hands brutally counterattacked. D.
Once Britain laid eyes on...
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