Geert Hofstede Essays & Research Papers

Best Geert Hofstede Essays

  • Geert Hofstede - 455 Words
    Geert Hofstede’s dimension Power distance index The inequality is bigger in Spain than in Holland. The Netherlands has 38 on the cultural scale of Hofstede’s analysis and Spain has 57. This means that the gap between wealthy and poor is bigger in Spain than in Holand. Individualism As you can see The IDV in the Netherlands (80) is much higher than in spain(51). The netherlands can be considered as individualistic with a relatively...
    455 Words | 2 Pages
  • Geert Hofstede Manual Vsm94
    V S M 94 VALUES SURVEY MODULE 1994 MANUAL by Geert Hofstede MAY BE FREELY USED FOR RESEARCH PURPOSES FOR REPRODUCTION IN COMMERCIAL PUBLICATIONS, PERMISSION IS NEEDED Copyright ( Geert Hofstede BV hofstede@bart.nl Contents How to use and not to use the VSM 94 3 1. Formulas for index calculation...
    3,293 Words | 13 Pages
  • China - Geert Hofstede - 991 Words
    4/22/13 China - Geert Hofstede THE HOFSTEDE CENTRE (index.php) GET CERTIFIED Select a Country United States in Intercultural Management and (/certification- Culture by Organisational courses.html) in comparison with the below China THE HOFSTEDE CENTRE (thehofstede-centre.html) 118 80 91 GEERT HOFSTEDE (geerthofstede.html) NATIONAL CULTURE (nationalculture.html) 66 DIMENSIONS (dimensions.html) 62 30 46 29 40 COUNTRIES (countries.html) APPLICATIONS...
    991 Words | 5 Pages
  • Geert Hofstede Organization Culture
    Organizational Culture of Geert Hofstede And The Implication Leadership - 2014 Edwin Tanbowi - 014201100096 I. Analysis Every one of us already realizes and knows that we are living in a global age. Technology has brought everyone much closer together. This means that people of different cultures find themselves working together and communicating more and more. This is exciting, but it can also be frustrating and fraught with uncertainty. How do you relate to someone of another culture?...
    3,421 Words | 10 Pages
  • All Geert Hofstede Essays

  • Assignment on Geert Hofstede - 1637 Words
     Australia is a very friendly and open culture. However, "G'day" the informal "hello" is overused by tourists. The Australians expect one's work to speak for itself, so they are not impressed with your position, title, or status. Don't arrive in town wearing the latest status symbol to announce how important you think you are. Plus, Australia had a "gold rushes" in the 1850s and 1890s. Earlier gold discoveries were kept quiet so chaos didn't break out. But the 1848 California gold rush...
    1,637 Words | 6 Pages
  • Argentina-Geert Hofstede™ Cultural Dimensions
    Geert Hofstede™ Cultural Dimensions * Description for each of Hofstede's Dimensions listed below Argentina is similar to many of the Latin American countries in analysis of the Hofstede Dimensions (see Latin America Hofstede Graph below). The high Uncertainty Avoidance Index (UAI) ranking of 86 indicates the society’s low level of tolerance for uncertainty. In an effort to minimize or reduce this level of uncertainty, strict rules, laws, policies, and regulations are adopted and...
    20,248 Words | 65 Pages
  • Geert Hofstede Cultural Dimensions Analysis
    Geert Hofstede is a social psycologist, originally from the Netherlands. Hofstede is well known globally for his revolutionary research of multicultural organisations and groups. Perhaps his most important work was developing the theory of cultural dimensions. There are 5 dimensions that Hofstede explains in his framework- these are; Power distance index (PDI), Individualism versus Collectivism (IDV), Masculinity versus Femininity (MAS), Uncertainty Avoidance Index (UAI), and Long term...
    802 Words | 2 Pages
  • Geert Hofstede-US compared to Brazil
    Geert Hofstede Cultural Dimensions Comparison: Brazil and USA Power Distance: The US has a score of 40 in this category. A lower score in this category shows that our country doesn’t have such a wide gap between the groups that do or do not have the power in society. Brazil scored a 69 in this dimension. They accept more inequality between the leaders and less powerful in society. In their culture, it is important for them to know where they stand in the community, so they know how much...
    435 Words | 2 Pages
  • Hofstede - 1037 Words
    Hofstede’s 5 dimension Hofstede's 5 dimensions theory is a framework for cross-cultural communication. There are five elements in this dimension, which are power distance, individualism versus collectivism, masculinity versus femininity, uncertainty avoidance and short term versus long term orientation. First dimension is power distance. Power distance refers to the degree of inequality that exists and is accepted among people with and without power. A high PD score indicates that society...
    1,037 Words | 4 Pages
  • Hofstede - 1891 Words
    Hofstede cultural dimensions analysis with multinational business management _______France, Britain, Germany , Italy Today, the world economic integration process , the company's multinational operations has become an unstoppable trend . But the Eastern and Western cultures have a huge difference . It is easy to generate conflict in business management . Cross-cultural management refers to: multinational companies operating in the presence of various...
    1,891 Words | 6 Pages
  • Hofstede - 1229 Words
    General overview Professor Geert Hofstede’s study is one of the most comprehensive one that has ever been made. His data covered more than 70 countries, including now six dimensions. These dimensions are Power Distance (PDI), Individualism versus Collectivism (IDV), Masculinity versus Femininity (MAS), Uncertainty Avoidance (UAI) and Long-term Orientation (LTO). The sixth dimension Indulgence versus Restraint (IND) is based on Michael Minkov’s work, and was added in 2010. (Hofstede, 2014) Power...
    1,229 Words | 4 Pages
  • Hofstede - 1218 Words
    Geerte Hofstede analysis Globalization is nowadays evidential in nearly every aspect of life. It can be shortly described “as the world is getting smaller”[1]. “The term describes the growing political, social, cultural, economic and technological interconnectedness and interdependence of the world today. As communication technologies advance, cultures continue to overlap and influence each other.”[2] What are the differences especially in cultural dimensions in countries like Germany and the...
    1,218 Words | 5 Pages
  • Hofstede - 1087 Words
    CROSS CULTURAL COMMUNICATION Victor Delbreuve 1) Cultural dimensions = critique of HOFSTEDE, TROMPENAARS, PROJECTGLOBE 2) Look for your country HOFSTEDE (rating : do you agree ; give examples) 1)a) HOFSTEDE The research findings of Hofstede, describe the cultural features, and assists in clarification of some cultural and behavioral paradigms in organizations in different countries. Five...
    1,087 Words | 5 Pages
  • Article: Geert Hofstede vs. Fons Trompenaars
    Geert Hofstede vs. Fons Trompenaars Introduction How do we market in different cultures? Although we have done many researches about the different cultures, marketing, which is as a discipline, has lagged behind other researches in recognizing the need for it. Before we have found the importance of marketing in different cultures, usually, the approach for marketing was too simple, and we often use the economic theory to explain facts and solve problems, however, international marketing...
    4,919 Words | 16 Pages
  • Geert Hofstede Cultural Dimensions Essay India / U.K.
    The Geert Hofstede Cultural Dimension Business Essay This chapter is divided into two sections. The first section defines culture, its importance in international business and the various cultural dimensions for working globally. The next section describes the culture of India and U.K. and reviews the impact of culture on the working of Hilton Hotel Group in both the countries. Finally, it ends with a brief summary. CULTURE Hofstede (2003) defines culture as “the collective programming of...
    4,368 Words | 14 Pages
  • Iu by Hofstede - 384 Words
    The first dimension found by Hofstede’s analysis of POWER DISTANCE involves human inequality in areas such as prestige and power. Istanbul University has a high power distance. In the structure of universities organization held some in higher status than others, which gives them the ability to influence and determine the behaviors of others such as students, clerks and academics. Higher status have some privileges and symbols like ’prof’. As we can see the units are separated such as...
    384 Words | 2 Pages
  • Geert Hofstede.Doc - 647 Words
    Based on Geert Hofstede’s research, Hong Kong is a high power distance society. I agree with this analysis. An inequality social hierarchy is instituted in Hong Kong. For example, salary range between Hong Kong’s upper class and lower class is wide. Minimum wage for workers is $30 per hour, but some upper status people can get more than $3000 per hour.1 Besides, the Gini Coefficient of Hong Kong is the highest in the developed countries, since 1981, the coefficient increased continually and...
    647 Words | 2 Pages
  • Hofstede analysis - 580 Words
     1. Power distance: the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally. 2. Individualism- the degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members. 3. Masculinity / Femininity-The fundamental issue here is what motivates people, wanting to be the best (masculine) or liking what you do (feminine).
 4. Uncertainty avoidance - The extent to which the members of a culture feel...
    580 Words | 2 Pages
  • Gert Hofstede - 164 Words
    Dr. Geert Hofstede Geert Hofstede's conducted perhaps the most comprehensive study of how values in the workplace are influenced by culture. From 1967 to 1973, while working at IBM as a psychologist, he collected and analyzed data from over 100,000 individuals from forty countries. From those results, and later additions, Hofstede developed a model that identifies four primary dimensions to differentiate cultures. He later added a fifth dimension, Long-term Outlook. Geert Hofstede's dimensions...
    164 Words | 1 Page
  • Hofstede And Trompenaars - 1389 Words
    Fons Trompenaars’ Four Types of Corporate Culture Guided Missile – a project-oriented approach; concerned with results. This group looks for practical solutions to shared challenges via multi-disciplinary teams. The U.K. and U.S. fit into this group. Familial – this is a power-oriented model in which a ‘family’ approach is taken. Power comes from high but is well known and there is a deep concern for all members. Japan and Belgium fit into this model. Eiffel Tower – a role-oriented group in...
    1,389 Words | 4 Pages
  • Hofstede in Latvia - 2739 Words
    Cultural dimensions in business life: hofstede’s indices for latvia and lithuania 1.1 Introduction The journal chosen, written by Mark Huettinger (2008), applies Geert Hofstede’s five cultural dimensions (power distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance and long-term orientation) to both the Lithuanian and Latvian cultures, from the perspective of their similarity to the cultures in Estonia and the Scandinavian countries. This research paper then uses the scores obtained from...
    2,739 Words | 9 Pages
  • Hofstede Model - 872 Words
    Hofstede’s Model Geert Hofstede developed a cultural dimension model that explains the five categories of positions between national cultures. The five dimensions pertaining to this model include: individualism, materialism, time orientation, deference to authority and uncertainty avoidance. Hofstede’s research is still practiced today but has undergone some changes since it was first introduced due to cultural and economic modifications during past years. To understand this model the five...
    872 Words | 3 Pages
  • Cultural Difference: Hofstede Framework
    Culture, in my own opinion, is a unique system of values and norms that are believed by a group of people who live in the same society. Since culture is unique, Geert Hofstede tried to study the differences. After the study, he proposed five dimensions to measure the cultural difference between nations. The following parts will explain Hofstede Framework briefly. The first dimension is Power Distance. It is a tool to measure the power difference between levels in organization. In a group...
    1,526 Words | 5 Pages
  • Market Screening + Hofstede - 1880 Words
    Market Screening + Hofstede 1. Hofstede had 5 models that you can put countries in relating to international business: 1. Individualism + collectivism- Individualism is describing the way that country does business. In an individualistic organization, it is formatted around individuals doing projects solo. Collectivism- is when from birth people are taught to be group members; the groups mind is stronger than the individual, so all about groups. 2. Low + high power distance- This is...
    1,880 Words | 5 Pages
  • Geert Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions
    Geert Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions National cultures can be described according to the analysis of Geert Hofstede. These ideas were first based on a large research project into national culture differences across subsidiaries of a multinational corporation (IBM) in 64 countries. Subsequent studies by others covered students in 23 countries, elites in 19 countries, commercial airline pilots in 23 countries, up-market consumers in 15 countries, and civil service managers in 14 countries....
    1,291 Words | 5 Pages
  • Geert Hofstede's Dimensions of Culture
    Geert Hofstede's Dimensions of Culture an d Edward T. Hall's Time Orientations Hofstede's "dimensions of culture" were derived mainly from his extensive organizational anthropology research in the late 1970s and early 1980s – the scores are general comparisons of values in the countries and regions he studied and can vary greatly within each country. Although Hofstede's work is somewhat dated and has rightly been criticized on a number of grounds the dimens ions are useful in unders...
    1,310 Words | 25 Pages
  • Cross Cultural by Hofstede - 498 Words
    “Culture is the collective programming of the mind distinguishing the members of one group or category of people from others” Professor Geert Hofstede conducted one of the most comprehensive studies of how values in the workplace are influenced by culture. He analyzed a large data base of employee values scores collected by IBM between 1967 and 1973 covering more than 70 countries, from which he first used the 40 largest only and afterwards extended the analysis to 50 countries and 3 regions....
    498 Words | 2 Pages
  • Mcsweeney vs. Hofstede - 954 Words
    Geert Hofstede was born in 1928 in Netherlands. He obtained his Masters degree in Mechanical Engineering and a doctorate in Social Psychology. He is a professor Emeritus of Organizational Anthropology and International Management of the University of Maastricht in the Netherlands. Geert Hofstede is well known for providing a theoretical framework that attempts to analyze the relationships between organizational actions and cultural beliefs. In 1965, he worked at IBM as a trainer in the...
    954 Words | 3 Pages
  • hofstede five dimensions - 974 Words
    Hofstede’s Five Dimensions and Leadership   Hofstede’s Five Dimensions and Leadership Geert Hofstede examined IBM the company for over thirty years and developed a theory about cultural differences. His theory is widely used to compare differences in culture, and also in leadership. There were initially four dimensions of values that he measured; uncertainty avoidance, individualism, power distance and masculinity. Later a fifth dimension, long term orientation was added in 1991....
    974 Words | 3 Pages
  • Germany- Hofstede Analysis - 1457 Words
    Germany: Hofstede Analysis Germany- Hofstede Analysis Germany is known for its majestic scenery and terrain. There is incredible chocolate, beer and of course, the unique architecture. All these things may be appealing to a firm, but an expanding company may discover complexities expanding into Germany, because “[w]hen you step into a foreign culture, suddenly things seem different. You don’t know what to do or say.” ( Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions). “If your organization is planning...
    1,457 Words | 5 Pages
  • Hofstede Dimensions on India - 1620 Words
    Geert Hofstede™ Cultural Dimensions * Average Hofstede Dimensions of all counties surveyed Power Distance Index (PDI) that is the extent to which the less powerful members of organizations and institutions (like the family) accept and expect that power is distributed unequally. This represents inequality (more versus less), but defined from below, not from above. It suggests that a society's level of inequality is endorsed by the followers as much as by the leaders. Power and inequality,...
    1,620 Words | 5 Pages
  • Hofstede Analysis Canada - 1472 Words
    Hofstede Analysis Canada Canada is the top country in the world for an American business to expand because of its very similar culture to the United States. Geert Hofsted a prominent psychologist has studied the Canadian way of life and has set up a ranking system that proves why Canada is so ideal for American businesses to operate. Hofstede’s ranking system is based on analyzing 5 dimensions that target key aspects of a country’s society. These dimensions are power distance, individualism,...
    1,472 Words | 4 Pages
  • Hofstede Comparison of Germany and China
    Hofstede’s Five Dimension comparison of Germany and China Hofstede’s Five Dimensions Hofstede’s five dimensions are a useful tool to give someone an insight of different cultures. These elements give a country’s behaviour tendencies rather than an exact prescription. There are weaknesses to Hofstede’s Five Dimension theory as it may too easily encourage stereotyping. Even in countries as small as the UK, not all citizens are alike – e.g. it is argued that the culture in the North of...
    2,695 Words | 9 Pages
  • Hofstede Cultural Dimension - Indonesia
    Hofstede Cultural Dimension imensions * Description for each of Hofstede's Dimensions listed below Indonesia has Power Distance (PDI) as its highest ranking Hofstede Dimension at 78. The high Power Distance (PDI) is indicative of a high level of inequality of power and wealth within the society. This condition is not necessarily forced upon the population, but rather accepted by the society as part of their cultural heritage. The average Power Distance for the greater Asian countries is...
    1,061 Words | 4 Pages
  • Hofstede cultural dimension: spain
     Declaration I certify that this assignment is all my own work and contains no Plagiarism. By submitting this assignment, I agree to the following terms: Any text, diagrams or other material copied from other sources (including, but not limited to, books, journals and the internet) have been clearly acknowledged and referenced as such in the text. These details are then confirmed by a fuller reference in the bibliography. I have read the sections on referencing and plagiarism in the...
    1,877 Words | 8 Pages
  • Trompenaars vs. Hofstede - 4010 Words
    Trompenaars vs. Hofstede 1. 2. Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 2 Cultural Dimensions of Hofstede and Trompenaars ................................................... 3 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Analogies or identities of the cultural dimensions ...................................................... 5 Differences of the dimensions...
    4,010 Words | 13 Pages
  • Hofstede approach in Colombia - 1186 Words
    Colombia is a country with 47 million inhabitants located in the northern part of South America. Is a country in witch culture is very important, Colombian people tent to be very proud of our cultural background and traditions, some of them were inherited during the colonial era, and home have been evolving ever since. Analyzing Colombia’s cultural its not easy since the socio- economical breach in the country is very big. Even if it’s not an approach in hofstede approach, Colombia is a very...
    1,186 Words | 3 Pages
  • Hofstede S Five Dimensions
    Social Orientation: Individualist Definition Impacts -One that pursues a markedly independent course in thought or action. -One that advocates or practices individualism. -free will is highly value. -same value standard apply to all universalism. -other people seen as potential. -task prevails over relationship. -calculative model of employer employee relationship. -become more innovative or excel in their responsibilities. -opinions can lead to robust discussions and debates, resulting...
    428 Words | 4 Pages
  • Hofstede Cultural Dimensions: - 748 Words
    Hofstede Cultural dimensions: India is a vast country known for its diversified culture and traditions. The unique characteristic of India is its “unity in diversity”. In India Relationships and feeling plays a larger role in decisions. Indians tend to take larger risks with a person whose intentions they trust. Thus, one’s credibility and trustworthiness are critical in negotiating a deal. Indians are ‘polychronic’ people, ie they tend to deal with more than one task at the same time....
    748 Words | 3 Pages
  • Hofstedes Cultural Dimensions - 260 Words
    Hofstede cultural dimensions 5 dimensions Power distance is defined as "the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally". Individualism pertains to societies in which the ties between individuals are loose: everyone is expected to look after himself or herself and his or her immediate family. Collectivism as its opposite pertains to societies in which people from birth onwards are...
    260 Words | 2 Pages
  • hofstede cultural dimensional theory
    Hofstede 1 Running Head: HOFSTEDE’S CULTURAL DIMENSIONS: THE BASICS AND THE CRITICISMS ra oi M Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions: E. The Basics and the Criticisms Moira E. Hanna H Clemson University na an Hofstede 2 Abstract Hofstede’s model (1980) has been used widely in research in the past two decades. The culture-based model consists of four dimensions: power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism-collectivism, and masculinity-femininity. Each of...
    3,855 Words | 23 Pages
  • India vs. U.S. Hofstede
    The business world has crossed borders since before the time of Christ, but technology has increased communication exponentially over the past few decades. These advancements have allowed not only communication but understanding as well. The understanding and openness to new cultures and ideas are essential in order to improve networking and aid companies in conducting research and development of global products. It is crucial to recognize the distinctive dimensions of the way a culture as...
    872 Words | 3 Pages
  • Gung-Ho Movie and Hofstede
    GUNG-HO Gung-Ho is a movie about the takeover of an American automobile factory in Hadleyville, Pennsylvania by a Japanese company. The term Gung Ho is a Chinese expression for “work together” which is what the movie is about. As the Americans and Japanese attempt to work together the viewers are able to see the cross-cultural conflicts and huge misunderstandings that happen throughout the movie because of the differences in culture, work attitude, management styles, and values between the...
    1,410 Words | 4 Pages
  • Brazilian Country Hofstede - 806 Words
    Brazil is similar to many Latin American countries when analyzing Hofstede's Dimensions. Brazil's highest Hofstede Dimension is Uncertainty Avoidance (UAI) is 76, indicating the society’s low level of tolerance for uncertainty. In an effort to minimize or reduce this level of uncertainty, strict rules, laws, policies, and regulations are adopted and implemented. The ultimate goal of this population is to control everything in order to eliminate or avoid the unexpected. As a result of this high...
    806 Words | 3 Pages
  • Hofstede S Cultural Dimensions
    Growth of research addressing the relationship between culture and consumption is exponential. Thus, culture’s influence on consumption and marketing had drawn increasing attention in recent years. Hofstede’s framework is the most widely used national cultural framework in psychology, sociology, marketing and management studies. His dimensions were all constructed in such a way that they addressed basic problems that all societies have to deal with. Thus, these dimensions of national culture...
    775 Words | 4 Pages
  • Hofstede Canada vs Japan
    Individualism vs Collectivism In essence this dimension deals with the relationship between the individual and the collectives in a given society. It is reflected in the way in which people live together. For example, nuclear families, extended families, tribes and other larger communities. It directly effects peoples values and behaviours. In some cultures individualism is sometime to be sought after but in others it is seen as alienation. Canada Canada has a score of 80 in this...
    1,551 Words | 5 Pages
  • hofstede hall theory - 5967 Words
    Hall theory Book notes He came to the field of cross-cultural analysis from the discipline of anthropology. He argued that all peoples interpret and create messages in reference to shared values. This information includes values in the culture, which link members of the culture group and influence how they refer to their contexts when maintaining relationships. Members` experiences of context will influence how they communicate. And different culture groups respond to their contexts...
    5,967 Words | 20 Pages
  • Hofstede - Turkey and Germany - 1042 Words
    The article I chose was written by Roger Chambers, and I found it in what is called the Associated Content by Yahoo. It talks about Turkey and its acceptance into the European Union. The article discusses how Angela Merkel’s visit to Turkey in March, 2010, certainly did nothing to speed up the process of Turkey being accepted in the European Union. The Prime Minister wanted to nurture the idea of giving Turkey what she called a “privileged partnership” with the European Union. Even though this...
    1,042 Words | 3 Pages
  • Hofstede Dimension For China Vs USA
    1. Using China and United States as National Culture Level: PDI IDV MAS UAI LTO Power Distance Index Individualist Masculinity Uncertainty Avoidance Index Long-Term Orientation Indulgence East China 80 20 66 30 87 24 West United States 40 91 62 46 26 68 Power distance is defined as the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally. For China, PDI is high at 80 and it means China is...
    1,219 Words | 5 Pages
  • Doing Chinese Business Hofstede Way
    Before doing any type of business in China one must get familiar with the Chinese business culture. According to Hofstede's analysis, China ranks very high in long term orientation, very low in individualism, high in power distance, and average in masculinity and uncertainty avoidance. In my opinion I still believe these behaviors or cultural dimensions are very accurate. The culture here believes in overcoming obstacles over time which is part of Hofstede's long term orientation dimension....
    419 Words | 2 Pages
  • Hofstede Model and Culturs Norms in Brittany
    INTERCULTURAL FEEDBACK | Brittany | | | SUMMARY INTRODUCTION I – HOFSTEDE MODEL II – CULTURE NORMS AND VALUE SYSTEMS CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY INTRODUCTION Brittany was shaped in course of the centuries by the nature and by the men whose everyday life remains still confidentially connected to the environment and to the territory. With Rennes, its capital, and all 1270 municipalities, it reveals geography as well as a culture as rich as diverse. The agriculture and the fishing still...
    1,724 Words | 6 Pages
  • Mac Cosmetics 7d-Hofstede Analysis
    Makeup Art Cosmetics (MAC) was founded in 1985 in Toronto by Frank Toskan and the late Frank Angelo. The business plan concentrated on targeting young, fashionable females by creating cosmetic products which contain unique textures and colours. Using this strategy, the company targeted the ¡°hip¡± celebrities and other cosmetic influencers to gain recognition and market share in the younger consumer market. Since its inception, the company has grown to become a multi-national organization...
    1,601 Words | 5 Pages
  • Dimensionalizing Cultures. the Hofstede Model in Context
    Unit 2 Theoretical and Methodological Issues Subunit 1 Conceptual Issues in Psychology and Culture 12-1-2011 Article 8 Dimensionalizing Cultures: The Hofstede Model in Context Geert Hofstede Universities of Maastricht and Tilburg, The Netherlands, hofstede@bart.nl Recommended Citation Hofstede, G. (2011). Dimensionalizing Cultures: The Hofstede Model in Context. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, Unit 2. Retrieved from http://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/orpc/vol2/iss1/8 This Online...
    11,045 Words | 34 Pages
  • HRM Group Assignment Hofstede Saedah
     HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (MRC1613) GROUP ASSIGNMENT: HOFSEDE’S CULTURAL DIMENSIONS IN THE HUMAN RESOURCES PRACTICES/POLICIES Lecturer: Dr. Choi Sang Long Prepared by :­ GROUP ONE Ahmad Nuruddin Sulaiman (MR121177) Gowry A/P Muthayah (MR121175) Norman Sapar (MR121026) Norsaedah Mohd Ibrahim Merican (MR121174) 1.0 INTRODUCTION Nowadays, the majority of firms, especially the multinational corporations have to manage cultural differences in the workplace. In other words,...
    1,566 Words | 7 Pages
  • Hofstede and Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner Compared
    Hofstede and Trompenaars compared Of these seven value dimensions, two reflect closely the Hofstede dimensions of Collectivism/Individualism and to a lesser extent power distance. Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner's communitarianism/individualism value orientation seems to be virtually identical to Hofstede's Collectivism/Individualism. • Their achievement/ascription value orientation, which describes how status is accorded, appears to be linked to Hofstede's power distance index,...
    668 Words | 4 Pages
  • Geert Hofstede's Five Dimensions of National Culture - Australia
    Throughout history to present day, Australian culture has become the product of a distinct blend of established traditions and new influences. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, the country’s original inhabitants, created the foundation for the land’s cultural traditions over 40,000 years ago. In addition, the rest of Australia’s people are migrants or descendants of migrants from various other countries who transported their own customs, beliefs, and value systems to the land....
    1,169 Words | 4 Pages
  • Porters 5 Forces and Hofstedes Cultural Dimension
    Table of Contents Executive Summary 1 Introduction 2 Porter’s Five Forces and Competitive Strategy Threat of Rivalry 3 Threat of New Entry 4 Threat of Substitute Products 5 Bargaining Power of Buyers 6 Bargaining Power of Suppliers 7 Recommendation of Porter’s Five Forces Strategies 8-9 Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions 10-13...
    3,627 Words | 14 Pages
  • Romanian and Swedish Culture Analysis Based on Hofstede Model
    Romania and Sweden are two countries which differ in so many ways that it is sometimes surprising that they are part of the same continent, even if there are a few similarities, also. We tried to make a comparison between these two countries’cultures, even if we know so much about Romanian culture and less that about the Swedish one. Like other countries in the region, Romania has worked to create a legal framework consistent with a market economy and investment promotion. Gradually it...
    4,232 Words | 12 Pages
  • Group presentations about Hofstedes cultural dimension
    Group presentations about Hofstede’s cultural dimension 1. A brief presentation of Geert Hofstede and his background Geert Hofstede was born 2 October 1928 in Haarlem. He is a Dutch social psychologist that did a pioneering study of cultures across modern nations. Geert has made these models that classified culture along four different dimensions – Power Distance Index, Individualism versus Collectivism, Masculinity versus Femininity, Uncertainty Avoidance Index, Long Term Orientation versus...
    470 Words | 3 Pages
  • The Value Profile of Bulgarians According to Hall and Hofstede
    The Value profile of Bulgarians according to Hall and Hofstede When we talk about intercultural communication, we consider culture as a set of beliefs, ethics and values ​​that determine the behavior of nations. Edward T. Hall divided cultures according to their ways of communicating, into high-context and low-context cultures. Low-context cultures are cultures, which need explicit verbal words and information, in order to fully understand the message. On the...
    519 Words | 2 Pages
  • Personal Analysis according to Edward T. Hall and Geert Hofstede's cultural theories
    Personal Analysis The two famous anthropological scholars, Edward T. Hall and Geert Hofstede have given us the cultural theories which explain and contrast the differences between two main distinguishable cultures, high and low context cultures, as a whole. However, as an individual, I cannot entirely rank myself in an absolute sense of any particular cultural context yet. Therefore, a closer and careful look into each criteria separately is needed in order to analyse my personalities and to...
    1,361 Words | 4 Pages
  • Hofstede: Cultures and Organizations - Software of the Mind Culture as Mental Programming
    HOFSTEDE: Cultures And Organizations - Software of the Mind Culture as mental programming In Western languages 'culture' commonly means 'civilization' or 'refinement of the mind' and in particular the results of such refinement, like education, art, and literature. This is 'culture in the narrow sense; 'culture one' Culture as mental software, however, corresponds to a much broader use of the word which is common among social anthropologists: this is ‘culture two’. In social...
    9,257 Words | 104 Pages
  • Analysis of September 2010 Perfume Ads in Japan and Brazil According to Hofstede
    Analysis of September 2010 Perfume Ads in Japan and Brazil according to Hofstede Geert Hofstede is a Dutch social psychologist, born in 1928 in Haarlem, Netherlands. – and is the most cited non-American in the field of management (Powell 2006). Working for IBM Europe Hofstede founded the Personal Research Department – Hofstede conducted over 100,000 surveys of IBM employees in 72 different countries (Hoppe 2004). Hofstede’s observations of how IBMers in different countries thought and felt...
    1,089 Words | 5 Pages
  • efine and discuss in SUBSTANTIVE DETAIL EACH of the five dimensions of culture as identified by Hofstede
    (A) Define and discuss in SUBSTANTIVE DETAIL EACH of the five dimensions of culture as identified by Hofstede. ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Hofstede's research is based on the information of 40 countries, of which he identified the different dimensions on which culture differs. The five dimensions model is widely used in many domains of human social life, and particularly in the field of business. In international marketing it is very useful because...
    1,712 Words | 5 Pages
  • Subculture - 2482 Words
    Marketing Communication Mix Pickton and Broderick (2001) cite Kotler et al. in defining IMC as "the concept under which a company carefully integrates and co-ordinates its many communications channels to deliver a clear, consistent and compelling message about the organization and its products" (p.16) Consumers all over the world became more demanding and accurate in their choice. It has sharpened the competition between the companies, making the latter fight severely for their existing and...
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  • Hofstede's five dimensions of cultural differences
     1. What are Hofstede's five dimensions of cultural differences that affect work attitudes? Using these dimensions describe the United States. 1.1 Individualism vs. Collectivism, the individuals believe they should make their own choices and be responsible for them, they are concerned about losing their social frames, in contrast the collectivism involves the loyalty and group thinking in order to create hormonal work process. The individualism encourages individual achievements, as...
    1,879 Words | 6 Pages
  • Managing Multiculturalism & Diversity in Organizations
    An Abstract On Managing Multiculturalism & Diversity in Organizations By shruti Lecturers,Kedarnath Aggarwal Institute of Management, Charkhi Dadri (Bhiwani) Abstract Diversity in the workplace is a multifaceted concept and has become a demographical reality across the globe. Firms that are moving in the direction of creating diversity at workplace can break upon a wide range of skills including perhaps those which it may never have to use, but are likely to bail it out when its...
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  • Different Cultural in Kfc - 3009 Words
    Introduction This report is aimed to survey the different cultures which can lead to the problems within the organization. We show theories that related to the case study, KFC (Kentucky Fried Chicken) Company. We choose KFC branches from UK, Thailand, China, and Japan that will tell each culture from these example countries. The investigation will be shown how the different cultures can make the problem when the company has to do the business in the overseas or do business across cultures. We...
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  • Czech Cultural Analysis - 1655 Words
    Cultural Analysis – Czech Republic Missouri University of Science and Technology ` table of contents table of contents ii 1.0 Czech vs u.s. Culture – hofstede’s model 3 2.0 Czech business culture – trompenaaris classificaion 7 3.0 U.S. Business culture change needed 7 4.0 bibliography 9 1.0 Czech vs u.s. Culture – hofstede’s model The Czech Republic has its roots as a former communist state known as Czechoslovakia. The fall of communism and the transformation to a...
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  • Busines Memo 01 - 461 Words
    To: Team Argentina Sales Department From: Team Leader Subject: Hofstede’s Values in Argentina Date: October 9, 2014 The purpose of this memo is to present research about Hofstede’s Values in Argentina for the Sale’s Department training. The goal of this memo is to inform you about Hofstede’s Values in Argentina by comparing it to the United States so that you will know how their thoughts work. This way business will be done appropriately. Summary Hofstede’s Values are...
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  • LaTasha Bishop Unit 5 Assignment MT302
     LaTasha Bishop MT 302 Behavioral Organization Unit 5 Assignment March 25, 2015 Professor Bellamy Geert Hofstede, was a Dutch Social Psychologist who use to work for IBM as a representative and created his unique model which was called the "Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions Theory". By directing an overall study of worker or employee values and applying certain factors to analyze the results. The result was one of the first quantifiable theories on the impact of...
    647 Words | 3 Pages
  • Mnc Entering India (Vodafone)
    When Cross Border Mergers or Acquisitions happen the participating organizations need to understand the issue of differences in national cultural issues very well in order to set up a successful Joint Venture (JV). Each country has a different national culture and this needs to be recognized and addressed because it will ultimately impact upon the work culture of the fusion organization they are newly going to form. Geert Hofstede developed a model which seeks to understand how values in the...
    1,788 Words | 6 Pages
  • IB Rev Notes OFFICIAL
    International Business Revision Lecture *Must apply IDA (Identification, description and application) Lecture 1 Chapter 1: Globalisation Definition Globalisation refers to the shift towards a more integrated and interdependent world economy. Macro Factors Driving Globalisation Two macro factors underlie the trend towards greater globalization: 1. Decline in trade and investment barriers These include the reduction in tariffs and non-tariffs barriers. Removing barriers to the free flow of...
    1,680 Words | 8 Pages
  • Cultural Comparison Paper - 845 Words
    Cultural Comparison Paper There are many cultural differences between the United States and France. Some of these are simply social and others are cultural. Hofstede’s Value Dimensions can be used to highlight the differences between the cultures. Individualism vs collectivism, uncertainty avoidance, masculinity/femininity, power distance, and long-term vs short-term orientation are all characteristics that differ between France and the United States. In Communications Between Cultures...
    845 Words | 3 Pages
  • Cross-Cultural Consumer Behavior
    Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 23:181–192, 2011 Copyright c 2011 Marieke de Mooij and Geert Hofstede BV ISSN: 0896-1530 print / 1528-7068 online DOI: 10.1080/08961530.2011.578057 Cross-Cultural Consumer Behavior: A Review of Research Findings Marieke de Mooij Geert Hofstede ABSTRACT. Most aspects of consumer behavior are culture-bound. This article reviews the cultural relationships with the self, personality, and attitude, which are the basis of consumer behavior models and...
    5,535 Words | 18 Pages
  • Hosftede Paper on Panama - 859 Words
    Hofstede Global Understanding of Panama Panama was discovered and settled by the Spanish conquerors in the 16th century. Panama reached independence with Spain in 1821, and joined the Republic of Gran Colombia, mainly integrated by Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador. With the United States backing up, Panama successfully was separated from Columbia in 1903, and promptly became a democratic and sovereign country. Power Distance Index (PDI) Panama power distance index refers to which the...
    859 Words | 3 Pages
  • Hofstede's Dimensions of Culture - 937 Words
    Hofstede’s Dimensions of Culture – Canada vs Kuwait 1. Power Distance (PDI) • Kuwait has a high power distance index of 90, which suggests that citizens in this country adopt the hierarchical system and the division between the five groups is determined by wealth. At the very top of the hierarchy is the royal family, followed by businessmen and merchandisers. After that, it’s nomads that have settled in the country for decades. Next are the Arabs that live in the neighboring peninsula....
    937 Words | 3 Pages
  • Comparison Between Vietnam and Australia Culture
    | | A well-established organization is seeking to expand its operation internationally in Vietnam. The Purpose of the report is to analyses the situation and cultural in Vietnam and business level strategy and market entry strategy | Table of content INTRODUCTION:-TCL is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of multimedia electronics. Its main product is the color TV. TCL has branches across all over the world, such as Huizhou, Henan, Wuxi, Inner Mongolia, Nanchang, and...
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  • Culture - 2562 Words
    Topic "Write an essay on the following topic: "Discuss cultural differences as they exist in American and Vietnamese culture and suggest some ways to overcome them." CONTENT American and Vietnam are different not only in geography but also in culture. The culture of Vietnam varies from that of America in every single aspect of culture: ethnictity, people, religion, individualism, politics, food and ect. Although these factors seem to be abundant and difficult to compare. But according to...
    2,562 Words | 8 Pages
  • Culture Different Between China and Us
    INTRODUCTION It is well-know fact that different people have different opinion and this saying can be also used in the culture. For that reason, different cultures would make people have different behaviours.Culture can be defines as “the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one human group from another” (Hofstede 1984, p: 21). Culture is consisting of language, political, values, belief, food, cloth, etc. And those elements make people have different...
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  • Questions on the Topic Unit 1
    1. What is corporate culture? Does it depend on the country/nationality? How does the human factor influence it? Does the company culture embrace only positive values or it can reinforce negative attitudes? Speak about office etiquette (dress code, punctuality, personal calls, coffee and lunch breaks); working hours; relationships with colleagues, management and clients or business partners; autonomy and initiative; promotion. What can frustrate staff? What can motive staff to work better?...
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  • Us vs. Hong Kong & China
    US vs. Hong Kong & China Power Distance Index The US has a very low power distance index of only 40, the world average being 55. Hong Kong has a power distance substantially higher of 68. China had the highest power distance ranking of 80. I have visited both countries and it is very easy to see that China has the highest power distance. Individualism The US is the most individualistic country in the world. US society has a more individualistic attitude and relatively loose bonds with...
    422 Words | 2 Pages
  • Today's Country Differences in Accounting Standards
    Today’s Country Differences in Accounting Standards There are five main influences on a country’s accounting system. Having a different system of accounting is like having a different culture for countries. There are many different things that dictate how an accounting differs. The relationship between business and providers of capital, political and economic ties with other countries, inflation accounting, level of development, and the national culture are the five influences on accounting...
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  • Culture - 2569 Words
    India Power distance This dimension deals with the fact that all individuals in societies are not equal it expresses the attitude of the culture towards these inequalities amongst us. Power distance is defined as the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organizations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed in equally. India scores high on this dimension, 77, indicating an appreciation for hierarchy and a Top – Down Structure in society and...
    2,569 Words | 8 Pages
  • Garanti Case Study - 1141 Words
    Introduction and Problem Definition Garanti Bank (GB) which is one of the big private banks in Turkey had passed through a remarkable change operation. During this transformation, the mail goal was to redefine both culture and the organizational structure of the bank. Contrary to the culture present in Turkey at that time, Mr. Öngör and the management board accomplished creating a new culture in GB. Öngör had achieved changing the organizational structure and culture, but the only thing to do...
    1,141 Words | 4 Pages
  • Write Up - 1027 Words
    1) Discuss the social identity issues present in the case Social Identity theory basically is a theory that explains self-concept (what a person thinks about themself and how they analyze themselves) to be a combination of personal identity – their unique characteristics and social identity – their membership in different social groups. There are numerous Social Identity issues in the case. Firstly, Catherine’s father is an accountant which is one of the factors that she chooses to be an...
    1,027 Words | 4 Pages
  • National Culture of Malaysia - 522 Words
    NATIONAL CULTURE OF MALAYSIA Professor Geert Hofstede conducted one of the most comprehensive studies of how values in workplace are influenced by culture. He defines these dimensions as follows: Power Distance: 'the extent to which the less powerful members of organizations and institutions (like the family) expect and accept that power is distributed unequally'. Uncertainty Avoidance: 'intolerance for uncertainty and ambiguity'. Individualism versus Collectivism: 'the extent to which...
    522 Words | 2 Pages
  • Workplace Bullying and Power Distance
    Does high power-distance culture in organizations increases the fear of reporting for workplace bullying? Introduction The objective of this study is to understand the direct relation between one of Hofstede’s (2003) four dimensions and the risk of reporting for workplace bullying in employees among various organisational culture. Culture effects on reporting of bullying incidents to management due to authoritative distance between employees and managers, and create dissatisfaction at...
    1,394 Words | 4 Pages
  • Southwest Airlines Leadership - 901 Words
    Marcio Cesar dos Santos Southwest Airlines 1) CQ: What are the key motivational strategies used by Southwest? Investing in People: As argued by Ann Rodes, Southwest’s competitive advantage come from people, so they has invested time and money to build a cohesively team work, developing in each one a strong sense of esteem and self-actualization. “Recognizing that our people are the competitive advantage, we deliver the resources and services to prepare our people to be winners, to...
    901 Words | 3 Pages
  • National Culture in Sony - 337 Words
    National Culture in Sony As mentioned earlier, Sony is a Japanese company with its operations all around the world. The company started its operations in 1946, taking this into account we can easily assume that Sony has a strong connection with its national values and incorporates a culture that is derived from these values. We will now use the five dimensions developed by Hofstede in order to assess its national culture. Power Distance The power distance value of Japan as calculated by...
    337 Words | 2 Pages
  • The Role of Culture in Compensation - 3405 Words
    University of Agder Master of Science in Business Administration: International Management and Strategy Term Paper- ORG 409 International Management The influence of Culture on Reward and Compensation Management practices across subsidiaries of a Multinational Company By Kwame Ohene Djan (Student Nr: 166289) 6th November, 2012 Contents ABSTRACT 3 1.0 INTRODUCTION 4 2.0 REVIEW OF RELEVANT PRIOR LITERATURE 5 Table 1 Summary of Research Findings 11 3.0 A...
    3,405 Words | 12 Pages
  • Conflict management among Chinese and Americans in a multinational company
     Conflict Management among American and Chinese employees In the current essay we will analyze the conflict management among American and Chinese employees. To begin with, it should be noted that communicative behavior is part of any national culture. Under the term ‘communicative behavior’ is usually understood a set of rules and traditions of the people to communicate. Knowledge of communication norms and traditions of the people allow participants of the speech act, belonging to...
    2,845 Words | 9 Pages
  • International Management - 5117 Words
    1 Which of the theories of international trade can help Indian services providers gain competitive edge over their competitors? Ans The theory of free markets can help indian services providers gain competitive edge over their compititors because India has got an edge over other countries at this point of time but other nations may try to make their products look cheaper by manipulating their currencies or by imposing restrictions on imported service especially from india You only need one...
    5,117 Words | 22 Pages
  • Cultural Euro Disney - 5100 Words
    Cultural Euro Disney | Cultural Studies Dissertations Cultural Euro Disney The word ‘management' originated in America and ever since assumptions have been made about the universal acceptability and success of their business practices. There are a number of international ventures which have failed miserably due to Americans not considering the cultural aspects when entering into business in a new country. Euro Disney is a perfect example of the failure of American business processes in...
    5,100 Words | 19 Pages
  • Term Paper for International Management
    1) Costa Rica: The culture in terms of Individualism/Collectivism shows that they are really oriented to a more collectivism side because they work in teams and the interests of the whole group prevail over individual ones. That’s why they consider that a relationship with someone prevails over task. The behavior of Costa Rica culture it’s regulated by shame or loss of face, so that’s why they also have a high context communication. The culture in terms of Power Distance shows that they are in...
    1,899 Words | 5 Pages
  • Cultural Dimension and Dilemmas - 1432 Words
    Cultural dimensions and dilemmas Culture is a way of life evolved and is jointly owned by a group of people and passed from generation to generation. culture formed of many complex elements, including religious and political systems, customs, languages​​, tools, clothing, buildings, and works of art. Culture also divide by two that is material and non material culture. Material cultural like something that equipment on living like house such as longhouses at Sarawak, Eskimo. Non material...
    1,432 Words | 4 Pages
  • South Korea Culture - 452 Words
    Power distance
 At a score of 60, South Korea is a hierarchical society. This means that people accept a hierarchical order in which everybody has a place and which needs no further justification. Hierarchy in an organization is seen as reflecting inherent inequalities, centralization is popular, subordinates expect to be told what to do and the ideal boss is a benevolent autocrat 

Individualism 


South Korea, with a score of 18 is considered a collectivistic society. This is manifest...
    452 Words | 2 Pages
  • Vietnamese Culture Evaluation - 1357 Words
    Assement 1 (1000 words): Discusss the key dimensions of national culture in your domicile (home) country using the frameworks of Hofstede (2001) including: Power Distance; Uncertainty avoidance; Individualism/ Collectivism; Masculinity/ femininity; long term orientation. Introduction In the “flat” world today, opening a business on abroad will be easier than before (Friedman, 2005). The manager from other countries will need to face with other culture aspect that they never met before. In...
    1,357 Words | 5 Pages
  • Cross Culture Management - 6213 Words
    AYEBALE GORRETH RE: NO 099034636 CROSS CULTURE MANAGEMENT PGBM 07 (ASSIGNMENT) TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................3 1. CROSS CULTURE...
    6,213 Words | 20 Pages
  • Breadtalk Csr - 645 Words
    Corporate Social Responsibility refers to notion that corporations have a responsibility to the society that sustains them. Corporate Social Responsibility also takes into account the manner in which a company manages its economic, social, environmental relationships and the methods which use to engage with its stakeholders as these relationships will impact on the company’s long term success. Corporate Social Responsibility is also considered as a strategy to sustain positive company...
    645 Words | 2 Pages


All Geert Hofstede Essays