• Working Papers
    Global Chaos. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1996. Chap. 3. I. William Zartman, "Introduction: Posing the Problem of State Collapse." In I. William Zartman, ed., Collapsed States: The Disintegration and Restoration of Legitimate Authority. Boulder, Col.: Lynne Rienner, 1995...
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  • Cross Cultural Negotiations
    /negotiation/styles/spectrum_negotiation.htm (accessed on 28 Oct 2006) 21. Zartman, I. William and Maureen R. Berman. The Practical Negotiator. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1982 35...
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  • Authoritarian
    growing demand for democratization and some movement towards it in the 1990s.5 Since then, however, the reversal of (timid) democratization experiments, although not for cultural reasons, has been documented by Kienle, and by Ehteshami and Murphy.6 Maye Kassem and William Zartman have shown how...
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  • United Nations Role in Conflict Management in Africa: a Case Study of Darfur
    litigation. In support of this view, Zartman (1995:229) notes that the reduction of conflict entails reducing incompatibilities as much as possible through the use of non-violent or political means.39 Sokoya (2006:20) in an attempt to define conflict management stated that it is the whole range of...
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  • Marks
    Helm, 1987); Giacomo Luciani and Ghassan Salami, eds., The Politics of Arab Integration (London: Croom Helm, 1987); and Adeed Dawisha and I. William Zartman, eds., Beyond Coercion: The Durability of the Arab State (London: Croom Helm, 1988). 3 For an overview, see Lisa Anderson, "The State in the...
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  • Relationship Between Greec and Turkish Parts of Cyprus
    and Confidence Building Measures Sustaining Peace Efforts”, Balıkesir Üniversitesi, Akademik Fener Dergisi, 2, 212-254. ZARTMAN, William ve TOUVAL, Saadi (1996): “International Mediation in the Post-Cold War Era”, Managing Global Chaos: Sources of and Responses to International Conflict., 445-461...
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  • Morocco
    , James F. Gabon: Beyond the Colonial Legacy. Boulder: Westview Press, 1992, p. 133. 14 Ibid. 15 Zartman, I. William. “Moroccan Foreign Policy,” in Brown, Carl L., ed. Diplomacy in the Middle East:The International Relations of Regional and Outside Powers. London: I.B. Tauris, 2001, p. 211. 16 Haygood...
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  • De facto government
    Report on Human Rights Practices for 1996.” Washington, D.C., February 1997. Zartman, I. William. “Putting Things Back Together.” In I. William Zartman, ed., Collapsed States, 267- 273. 3. Newspapers and other periodicals. Africa News. September 1995. African Business. 1 December 1991. BBC Summary...
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  • Stages of Conflict Management
    alternative solutions to the problem at hand after it is obvious that there are no more alternative solutions, the mediator should now engage both parties in a discussion of these possible solutions with the aim of getting of selecting the best solution (Zartman, 2008). In this discussion, the...
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  • Daabhsgihsdajigsgs
    thinking is found in the many publications of I. William Zartman, but many have worked in similar directions (Fisher and Ury 1981; Stedman 1991). Approaching Conflict Resolution 45 The idea that wars rise from a rational calculation is, of course, not novel. It is part of established realist...
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  • Economy
    solidarity " Jean Leca, "Social Structure and Political Stability. Comparative Evidence from the Algerian, Syrian and Iraqi Cases", in Adeed Dawisha and I. William Zartman, eds., Beyond Coercion: The Durability of the Arab State (London: Croom Helm, 1988), p. 165. '* For a thorough discussion of the...
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  • Summary of Crisis Negotiations
    of creating value, they used claim value * instead of being cooperative and inventive, they chose to view negotiations as hard, tough bargaining Effect of positional bargaining * inefficient and unwise negotiation * unsatisfactory conclusion Zartman (1984) suggests a series of...
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  • Employee Relation
    specific negotiations. These characteristics may include features such as the number of parties and issues related to the negotiation and components or relative power of the parties competition (Raiffa, 1982; Bacharach and Lawler, 1981). Zartman (1976) showed that structural approach to negotiation...
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  • Conflict in Africa
    . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972. Deng, F. and I. W. Zartman, “ Introduction” in F. Deng and I. W. Zartman (eds). Conflict Resolution in Africa. Washington: The Brooking Institution, 1991. Deutsch, K. W.” External Involvement in Internal War” in H. Eckstein (ed). Internal War...
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  • Conflict Case Study
    . Mediating International Crises: Cross-national and Experimental Perspectives. Journal of Conflict Resolution 47 (3):279-301. The Challenges of Conflict Management: A Case Study of Sri Lanka 44 Zartman, I. William. 2000. Ripeness: The Hurting Stalemate and Beyond. In International Conflict...
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  • Negotiation
    ‘Negotiation is a conflict resolution process’ (Matlon, 2008) Leadership Zartman et al writes that people consider ‘influence and power to be key elements of bargaining’ (Zartman, 1994) and Bal et al discuss in their white paper report that the role of power in leadership is integral to leadership success...
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  • Simplifying International Negotiations
    , Saunders, Minton, and Barry (2006) p. 413. Zartman (1993), for example, claims that culture is tautological, vague and epiphenomenal. Weiss (1994) points out that culture is neither consistently nor well defined. Similar critique was also expressed by Moran and Stripp (1991) and Usunier (2003). 4 It...
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  • A File
    Twentieth Century Robert D. Schulzinger, U.S. Diplomacy Since 1900 Rudolf Avenhaus, I.William Zartman, Diplomacy Games, Formal Models and International Negotiations Scott F. Kiesling and Christina Bratt Paulston, Intercultural Discourse and Communication, The Essential Readings Articole / Cărţi...
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  • Mediator
    persuasion situation (Bercovitch, 1991; Zartman & Touval, 1985). The International Journal of Conflict Management, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2000 MEDIATOR INSIGHT mediation process (Tome, 1992). For example, one of the roles that mediators perform is that of a formulator (Touval & Zartman...
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  • Max Havelar Company Observation
    question of power and perception. However, in the Erich Jantsch’s words (1980), "in life, the issue is not control, but dynamic connectedness." This might be why Zartman and Rubin (2000) tried to solve the old-age puzzle and to answer to the structuralists’ paradox: “how can weaker parties negotiate with...
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