William Zartman Essays and Term Papers

  • The Designation of Groups and Individuals as ‘Spoilers’ Ignores That They Might Have Legitimate Grievances with a Peace Agreement.”

    the spoilers and miss the potential (or latent) spoilers who can emerge during the peace process and who may have grievances of their own. As William Zartman puts it, “it is the government’s job to be responsive of its people; it is the insurgents’ purpose to draw attention to their grievances and gain...

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  • Negotiation

    and prescription-description. The overview of approaches to negotiation or schools of thought presented here is based on a summary offered by I. William Zartman, theorist, practitioner and researcher on negotiations. It comprises five different levels of analysis, or core approaches. These are the structural...

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  • Negotiation

    prescription-description. The overview of approaches to negotiation or schools of thought presented here is based on a summary offered by I. William Zartman, theorist, practitioner and researcher on negotiations. It comprises five different levels of analysis, or core approaches. These are the structural...

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  • Post Conflict Reconstruction and the Resurgence of Supposedly Resolved Territorial Conflicts: Examining the Drc Peace Process

    resolving these conflicts could be the brain-child behind the cyclical resurgence of conflicts in states previously hit by territorial civil wars. William Reno on his part contends that internal warfare is motivated by economic considerations especially with regard to the intensification of transitional...

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  • Conflict Manegement

    Searching for Peace in Europe and Eurasia: An Overview of Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding Activities (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2002); William I. Zartman, “Preventing Deadly Conflict”, Security Dialogue 32(2) (2001), 137–154. 22 Michael Lund, Preventing Violent Conflicts (Washington, D.C.: United...

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  • Functional Conflict

    leadership training online, 22 October 2011 http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_81.html. 2. Bercovigvh, Jacob, Kremenyuk, Victor, and William I. Zartman. " The Nature of Conflict and Conflict Resolution." http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/24632_Bercovitch___Intro.pdf. Accessed October 19,2012.3...

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  • Negotiation

    negotiation fostered by the UN and other multilateral forums (Zartman, 19). Because multilateral negotiations are becoming more frequent and important than bilateral negotiations, they contribute to this broad, emerging ‘negotiation culture’ (Zartman, 20). Although Zartman’s argument can be convincing, it...

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  • Creating Strateg and Settlement Range in the Mediation Process

    Electronic Encyclopedia of Communication [Online].Available: http://www.cios.org/encyclopedia/conflict/glossary.htm [2011, April 30]. Fisher, Roger& Ury William, (1991) Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement with out Giving In. New York: The Penguin Group. Kurtz, Lester R.,(2008) Encyclopedia of Violence...

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  • Pre Negotiations

    Herbert. “Social-Psychological Dimensions of International Conflict,” in Peacemaking in International Conflict: Methods and Techniques, ed. I. William Zartman (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2007), 73. 2 Saunders, Harold. “Prenegotiation and Circum-negotiation: Arenas of the Multilevel...

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  • Conflict resolutino and conflict transformation in practice - With the case study of Kashmir

    happen under the supervision of the UN (Varshney 1992:211). The intervention of the UN at this point, can contrast to Zartman's concept of 'ripeness'. Zartman argues that a third-party intervention should only occur when the conflict is ripe for negotiation processes. This 'ripe moment' would happen after...

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  • How Track Two Diplomacy Can Contribute to Problem Solving and Development in Nigeria

    intervention strategies maybe required to address a specific conflict situation. REFERENCES Diana Chigas (2003) Track Two Citizen Diplomacy William Zartman “Ripeness: The Hurting Stalemate and Beyond,” in International conflict Resolution after the cold War. Haass, 1990: Aall, Pamela R, Hampson, Fen...

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  • Karabakh

    (1975). ‘Biased intermediaries: Theoretical and historical considerations’, The Jerusalem Journal of International Relations, 1:1; S. Touval and I. W. Zartman (2001). ‘International mediation in the post-cold war era’ in Crocker, Hampson and Aall (ed.) Turbulent peace: The challenges of managing international...

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  • drawing from the preceding examples, what factors do you think differentiate occasions when mediation was successful and when it failed

    to resolve international conflicts. Scholars of international mediation have established different typologies of mediation strategies (Touval and Zartman 1985; Princen 1992; Bercovitch and Houston 1996). One commonly employed typology categorizes mediation strategies into three groups: communication...

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  • conflict

    Lanka This is a very different story of mediation, examining the approach taken by Quakers in Sri Lanka and elsewhere around the world.   William Zartman and Saadia Touval -- International Mediation in the Post- Cold War Era This comprehensive look at international mediation considers what works...

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  • Turkey as a Third Party in Palestanian/Israeli Conflict

    personally well effective and specialized in the conflict. The former is defined ‘’mediator with leverage’’ and the latter as ‘’facilitator’’. Finally, Zartman and Touval (1996) have defined three techniques of mediation. These three techniques differ regarding to the stake of the negotiations and the ongoing...

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  • Diplomacy and Domestic Politics

    popularity at home. However, this model disregards domestic 22. Daniel Druckman, "Boundary Role Conflict: Negotiation as Dual Responsiveness," in I. William Zartman, ed., The Negotiation Process: Theories and Applications (Beverly Hills: Sage, 1978), pp. 100-101, 109. For a review of the social-psychological...

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  • Alassane Ouatara Ban on Cocoa

    institute. Richard Crook, ‘Politics, the Cocoa Crisis, and Administration in Cote d’Ívoire’ The Foreign Business and Economic Development (in William Zartman en Christopher Delgado (1984),...

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  • Negotiation as a Key Llink in Decision Making

    get Clout”, by Brothers, different tactics are defined. The author proposes seven key points: 1. Project confidence. According to psychologist William James and his theory “as if”, it is possible to get desirable by acting as if it is already happened. His main idea that the ability to influence is...

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  • Intro to African Pols

     9  WHITAKER, J. S., & SANDBROOK, R. (1986). Review of The Politics of Africa's Economic Stagnation. Foreign Affairs. 64, 1128-1128. ZARTMAN, I. W. (1995). Elusive peace: negotiating an end to civil wars. Washington, D.C., Brookings Institution. Thomas, C. and Wilkin P. (1999) Globalisation...

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  • Syllabus

    International Relations of the Middle East, Ch. 1. Week 2 (week of September 14th) The emergence of modern states in the Middle East Readings: 1. William C. Cleveland, A History of the Modern Middle East, Ch. 4: "Forging a new synthesis: The pattern of reforms, 1789-1849", pp. 57-80 (Reserve) 2. Eugene...

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