1789. He established the cabinet.
b. At first, Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, and Secretary of War Henry Knox served under Washington.
II. Bill of Rights
a. James Madison wrote the Bill of Rights and got them passed by Congress in 1791.
b. The Judiciary...
consequences of the Revolutionwere so momentous for Europe at the time, and for the whole world subsequently, that it has cast a shadow over the whole of modern history.” The French Revolution brought about significant changes in society and government of France. The revolution, which lasted from 1789...
The French Revolution Study Guide
Radical- Important change in the countries decision that causes, also favoring a drastic social, economic and political reform
Liberal- a country that is free from all the rights of king
Moderate- After it has come to power; a revolutionary movement starts being a...
this created more issues for them.
A state that bases its economy on the sustainment of its armed forces. citizens
were subject to high taxations. ex. Spain, Netherlands, and Sweden. founded
upon the development of large armed forces, whose performance and supply
society, with serfdom providing a manual workforce and medieval knights evolving as the elite military units, bound by a code of chivalry, and from whom were drawn the soldiers of the Crusades. Cultures which had existed beyond the bounds of the Hellenic and Latin worlds - such as Ireland, the Norse countries...
causes and consequences of World War 1.
Europe avoided major wars in the 100 years before World War 1 began. In the 1800's, an idea swept across the continent that helped bring about the Great War. Many historians argue that there are many causes of the first World War some of which are not disclosed...
Table of Contents
Unit one: Enlightenment (page 1)
Holy Roman Empire
Friedrich Wilhelm I
Turkish Ottoman Empire
• Appeared in the 12th century and they were able to create a formidable empire. Onwards, no longer the Arabians or Persians but the Turks were the dominant force. They exercised dominion that extended over 3 continents (Asia, Europe and parts of Africa). A popular phrase, ‘from...
A Short Histroy of
W. M. Spellman
This brief narrative survey of political thought over the past two millennia
explores key ideas that have shaped Western political traditions. Beginning
with the Ancient Greeks’ classical emphasis on politics as an independent
FRENCH REVOLUTION ESSAY
By Lauren Green
Which holds the greater responsibility for France’s radical revolution: internal forces or external forces?
Internal forces in France’s Revolutionwere those factors that affected the radicalism from within France. The external forces were those that impacted...
states in central Europe. The creation of Germany as a cohesive political and integrated country occurred on 18 January 1871 at the palace of Versailles in France. Following the military defeat of France by Prussia in the Franco/Prussian war, (July 1870 to January 1871), the leaders of the existing Germanic...
The Estates-General, May 1789
An Introduction to the French Revolution
Everyone has something that they associate with the French Revolution - for many it may be the guillotine; others will think of the storming of the Bastille; Marie-Antoinette's famous suggestion that the peasants should 'eat...
ex: Which is more important brave movements or brave individuals, what are important beliefs, What role did warfare play in western society
Middle of 19th century Habsburgs territory about to disintegrate because of revolutions happening in 1848
Most of empire in revolute
No majority ethnic...
World War One
Nationalism: a feeling of deep loyalty to one’s people and homeland
Extreme nationalist movement
People would go to war just to promote support of their homelands
Especially intense in Serbia
Austria-Hungary took Bosnia, where many Serbians lived
Serbians were angered,...
16:26. Gain whole world and lose soul
Advisor was de sulle
Chief council to Louis XIII (1614-43)
Real ruler of France
Founded French absolute monarchy
Raison d'état - "reason of the state"
The good of the state is the supreme good
"Man is immortal, salvation is...
1. France and European culture
2. The ancien régime
1. Aristocrats resented monarchical inroads on freedom
2. Middle class resented a society of privilege that was outmoded
3. Peasants resented the increasing demands of the central government
3. The French Revolution and the West
exploded into what is now known as the french revolution. The events that ensued drew the attention of other European nations. Nobles were forced to flee their homeland to save their lives. Europe began to fear the spread of the revolution the french felt so passionately about. In 1792 the Prussians...
Q. 1 Define the term “Mercantilism”. What are its salient features?
Ans : - Mercantilism is an economic theory, thought to be a form of economic nationalism, that holds that the prosperity of a nation is dependent upon its supply of capital, and that the global volume of international trade is "unchangeable"...
America did not have national security councils until 1812 (concerning borders etc.) because we were not worried about threats
Maintain your status and integrity as a nation
Influences on American Foreign Relations
The causes of World War I, which began in central Europe in early July 1914, included many intertwined factors, such as the conflicts and hostility of the four decades leading up to the war. Militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism played major roles in the conflict as well. However, the immediate...