France would be less of a threat, e.g. domestic problems or a war with
another nation, and the necessity of Germany seizing the initiative to take territory (e.g.
Czechoslovakia and Austria). The second part of the conference focused on ‘concrete
questions of armament.’
This meeting has been...
government handled external threats was to a greater extent than it should have been. Austria and Prussia were both afraid that the Revolution might spread to their countries. In September of 1792, war with Prussia and Austria begins (Doc A). An 80,000 man army of Austrian and Prussian marched into...
industrialization, slavery, export economy, chaos, etc.
* Spain and Portugal were being invaded by Napoleonic France so revolutions and independence movements were more successful with the weakened mother countries.
* Common features:
* Tax issues...
America, English soldiers and Antarctic Circle and colonial troops defeated the French, and in India the French were also becoming the first European defeated by England. In Europe Prussia defeated Austria. When the war to reach Hawaii. ended in 1763, New France and eastern Louisiana were ceded to...
✓ Invades Serbia on July 28, 1914
▪ Alliances mobilize to help support (Aug. 4, 1914)
o Allies: Great Britian, France, Russian Empire
o Central: German, Austria, ottoman, Bulgeria
“The catalyst for war was the assassination of...
The external forces of the radical French Revolution included the war between Austria and Prussia against France. As revolutionary fervour consumed France, the assembly went into conflict with Austria in 1792. The Declaration of Pillnitz came out of this, which promised to place the...
European economies, if it existed, was in the lack of effective political institutionalism. With the overthrow of the monarchy in Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary and political turmoil in Great Britain and France following the end of the war in 1918, Europe did not have any political guidance on how to...
but entered a violent phase when France declared war on Austria in 1792. Things started to get worse when King Louis XVI was beheaded in 1793, the church was attacked, and the head-rolling Reign of Terror was begun.
At first, the Federalists supported the revolution but that view suddenly changed...
Austria once more. Moreau led France to victory at Hohenlinden. As a result, the Treaty of Lunéville was signed in February 1801; the French gains of the Treaty of Campo Formio were reaffirmed and increased.
Temporary peace in Europe
See also: Haitian Revolution
Bonaparte, First Consul, by Jean...
* In favour of Quebec’s independence and separation
lxxvi. Ottawa’s Response
89. Lester Pearson: a prime minister in the midst of the Quiet Revolution
* Appointed the “Bi and Bi Commission“
90. Quebec complained Canada’s symbols were too British
English economist David Ricardo (Early in the industrial Revolution)
Benefits that came with it were not apparent, but this was a catastrophic conversion---- from one way of doing something to another way
Pressure from population growth
In the long run, David Ricardo was...
flee to the other side of the “iron curtain”
What is the cold war?
A war of words
No deadly weaponry, however there were flashpoints
Did not fight on own territory
Fought in Afghanistan, Korea
The major players in the cold war:
in South Asia.Still had to adapt to the trade
⁃ Middle man for trade between China and Japan (which were enemies) Silver and Porcelain/Silk
⁃ Because Spanish lost War with Portuguese, Cannot go south. goes West
⁃ Native Americans low substance level (only indians survived in...
two examples. A central question which historians still address today is the one posed by many radicals following the failure of the 1848 revolutions: whydid the bourgeoisie prefer authoritarian, aristocratic regimes to workers and artisans movements with which they could (in the ory) have made...
Serbia with a 48 hour ultimatum
• Serbia did not meet all of the demands
• July 28th 1914 A-H declared war on Serbia
• Russia comes to the aid of the Serbs
• Serbian Nationalist group
The Schlieffen Plan
• Germany’s plan to invade France by going through Belgium
• Would defeat...
Stresemann’s fast reform of currency!
America agreed to the Dawes Plan!
New governments in France and Britain was more sympathetic towards the Germans!
Political opponents were weaker than they seemed:!
Communists lacked support- never gained more than 15% of...
one hand and widespread resentment and desire for revenge among the French (revanchism) on the other.
Cohen (1967) asserted that some other factors that led to the first World Warwere the domesticpolitical factors. Left-wing parties, especially the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) made...
Germany | They had no more common enemy; other events |
Were the 2 countries really friendly? | Why might both sides be suspicious of each other? |
US supported the Whites during Civil War hostility, suspicion | Appeasement showed that the West did not favour Stalin, Nazi-Soviet Pact worsened...
, married Bonaparte's elder brother Joseph; the Clarys were a wealthy merchant family from Marseilles. In April 1795, he was assigned to the Army of the West, which was engaged in the War in the Vendée—a civil war and royalist counter-revolution in Vendée, a region in west central France, on the...
might alienate the population if it were lengthy or difficult.
 French domestic politics
The situation in France was quite different from that in Germany but yielded the same results. More than a century after the French Revolution, there was still a fierce struggle between the left-wing...