• Chapter 21 Notes
    cities. Muckrakers mobilized urban middle-class progressives against city bosses, special interests who benefited from machine organizations, immigrant laborers c)New Forms of Governance i)Commission Plan- replaced mayor and council replaced w/ nonpartisan commission. First used in Galveston...
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  • Study Guide
    officials 4. Pluralist view: belief that competition among all affected interests shapes public policy -acknowledge big businesses, elites, career bureaucrats - political resources, such as money, prestige, expertise, organizational position, and access to mass media are widely spread out so no...
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  • Tourism
    apartment complex may be welcomed by prospective tenants but opposed by people who already live in the neighborhood.Different people have different ideas of how trade-offs should be made, which can result in compromise or in continuing discord. How different interests are served often depends on the...
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  • Repreentation of Adivais in Literature
    resisted the corporate plunder of India’s natural resources and are the bulwark of people’s defence against capitalist globalisation. It should be pointed out that the new political condition of adivasi awakening challenges the governance paradigm of the state that seeks to reduce the issue to one of...
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  • Chapter Summaries
    Provincial Jurisdiction : * Provincial Officials Provincial Lands * Forestry and Timber Sales Prisons * Municipalities Hospitals and Asylums * Licenses and Permits Property and Civil Rights * Provincial Courts Public Land * Energy Natural Resources...
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  • Public Administration
    responsible to the general public, this responsibility as a whole will tend to require uniformity in administrative action. Following the above, since civil servants cannot give special considerations to individuals or a particular group, their treatment should have uniformity throughout and to all the...
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  • Business Environment
    business activities. The legislature takes decisions on a particular course of action, the executive implements those decisions through government agencies and the judiciary serves as a watch-dog for ensuring public interest in all the activities of legislature and executive. In order to attain a...
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  • Tourism Policy & Planning
    Marxism: concerned with social class and who gets what. o Corporatism: similar to pluralism, corporatism recognises bargaining between competing interest however it also sees the implementation of public policies and programs through interest groups and especially though corporate interests. - The...
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  • public policy analysis
    determine how public resources are distributed, to various sectors or various regions of the country, or various groups of people in the country. E.g. in Kenya, the policy that established the fuel levy was geared towards ensuring that roads existing in various parts of the country are regularly...
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  • case study
    . Decisions concerning the expenditure of public resources will always be considered in terms of competing social needs. Environmental protection is only one of those needs. Therefore, any organizational structure should strive to include individuals who can influence public opinion in support of the...
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  • Political Science Study Material: Glossary
    urgent public importance can be brought before the Legislature and discussed through Adjournment Motion by interrupting its regular business. An Adjournment Motion should be supported by not less than 50 members of the House for being accepted. If accepted, it results in the holding the ongoing...
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  • mr. jnx107
    public opinions in their favours and often canvas support of party leader, legislature and government officials, in pursuance of their objective. There are broadly three types of Interest Groups: 1. Associational Interest Groups 2. Institutional Interest Groups 3. Adhoc Interest Groups...
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  • Administrative Delay or Red Tapism
    or by parliament but with a significant degree of independence, who is charged with representing the interests of the public by investigating and addressing complaints of maladministration or violation of rights. In some countries an Inspector General, Citizen Advocate or other official may have...
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  • Public Administration
    interests in public administration, because all these represent branches that affect it in its own way. Their respective constituency or the group they represent e.g. legislature represent their vote bank. The constituency of courts are judges and clients. The executive represents their own group of...
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  • Grad
    disabilities which require much specialization, they are not trained to teach that child, and there are no resources available for such. Obstacles of Successful Inclusion Successfully dealing with special education has been a challenge for principals who must balance the requirements of special needs...
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  • Operations
    persons should not exercise all the three powers of the government. Montesquieu, a French scholar, found that concentration of power in one person or a group of persons results in tyranny. And therefore for decentralization of power to check arbitrariness, he felt the need for vesting the governmental...
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  • Report
    closely align business and public interests. ARIZONA’S SCIENCE FOUNDATION AZ Structure: Non-profit, public-private partnership Industry Leadership: Three statewide CEO groups (Flagstaff 40, Greater Phoenix Leadership, and Southern Arizona Leadership Council) helped found the organization and the...
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  • Ethics
    American Political Science in the 1950s and the 1960s placed a lot of emphasis on the ‘science’ part of Politics. It wanted to model Politics after the methods followed by natural sciences like Physics, Botany, etc. The behaviouralists built theory inductively from empirical propositions. Those who...
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  • Business
    . PRESSURE GROUPS- Managers must recognize the special interest groups that attempt to influence organization. Such groups have the potential to influence the success of organization therefore managers have to be careful in their decisions and actions. The power of pressure groups changes with the change...
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  • Public Interest Litigation in Environmental Matters in Malawi
    Malawian to take all necessary and appropriate measures to protect and manage the environment and to conserve natural resources and to promote sustainable utilization of natural resources according to the Act. Now if that is the duty, then one fails why one should not be allowed to carry out that duty...
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