(Portfolio Task: Module 3)
Whenyouask a patient to plantarflex a foot, whatchangesoccurwithin the musclesinvolved?
According to Maitland (1977), the movement of foot in which ankle is bent is termed as Plantar Flexion. Posture where one stands on his/ her tiptoes or gas pedal of a vehicle...
Portfolio Task: Module 3
"Whenyouask a patient to plantarflex a foot, whatchangesoccurwithin the musclesinvolved?"
Plantar flexion is the movement which increases the approximate 90 degree angle between the front part of the foot and the skin...
, failing that, arrange the legs in a frog-type position. Identify the Achilles tendon, a taut, discrete, cord-like structure running from the heel to the muscles of the calf. If you are unsure, ask the patient to plantarflex (i.e. "step on the gas"), which will cause the calf to contract and the...
side is in extension with plantar flexion of the foot and toes. When walking, the patient will hold his or her arm to one side and drags his or her affected leg in a semicircle (circumduction) due to weakness of distal muscles (foot drop) and extensor hypertonia in lower limb. This is most commonly...
directly on his chest wall. You may find it helpful to close your eyes to concentrate on whatyou are hearing. If you have difficulty hearing heart sounds, ask the patient to change position to bring his heart closer to the chest wall. You might have to ask him to sit upright and lean forward a bit or...
I – Identity: check of client with 2 identifiers (full name and age). How would you like to be addressed?
N – Name: the concern together (from clients reason for seeking care, personal goals)
G – Give Information: explain whatyou will be doing, approximate time involved, whatyou will need...
which there is an enlargement or swelling of structures within the sheath of the posterior compartment and its causes include trauma leading to bleeding. The affected patient experiences pain when the toes and foot are pulled downward...
Crepitus is an abnormal
crunching or grating you
can hear and feel when a
joint with roughened articular
surfaces moves. It
occurs in patients with
rheumatoid arthritis or
osteoarthritis or when broken
pieces of bone rub
muscles contract, giving a feeling of upward pull, and the gluteal muscles contract, giving a downward pull.
True. Proper standing posture occurswhen the abdominal muscles contract, giving a feeling of upward pull, and the gluteal muscles contract, giving a downward pull.
seen in athletes. Athlete’s foot is not serious, but sometimes it is hard to cure. However, if you have diabetes or a weakened immune system and suspect that you have athlete’s foot, call you doctor immediately.
Part 2 of 9: Causes
What Causes Athlete’s Foot?
Athlete’s footoccurswhen the tinea...
weight down and improve circulation, walking is one of the best all-around exercises for the diabetic patient. Walking is also an excellent conditioner for your feet. Be sure to wear appropriate athletic shoes when exercising. Ask your podiatric physician what’s best for you.
* See your podiatric...
) and concentric. Other types of muscle contractions to learn and to incorporate into the testing of athletes are: isotonic, isokinetic, and eccentric. Isometric contractions occurswhen there is tension developed within the muscle but no movement occurs. The two insertion sites do not change positions...
17. The muscles of the back contract to straighten so that you sit at a more erect posture and subsequently the muscles are suddenly stretched as you nod off. Which of the following best represents the sequence of events whenyou start to nod off?
1. muscles of the...
1. Askpatient to both open their mouth and clench their teeth.
2. Palpate the temporal and massetter muscles as they do this.
← Test the Three Divisions for Pain Sensation
1. Explain whatyou intend to do.
2. Use a suitable sharp object to test the...
tendon (the big tendon at the bottom of your calf muscles above your heel). This can affect your ability to flex your ankle and make you more likely to damage your plantar fascia.
Often there is no apparent cause for plantar fasciitis, particularly in older people. A common wrong belief is that the...
often accepts his friend's invitation to a pickup basketball game. When attempting a jump shot, he falls to the ground in pain, grasping at the calf of his leg. There is an enormous bulge in his leg immediately below the knee, and he is unable to plantarflex that foot. Most likely he has injured his...
flow of blood within the chambers of the heart. Because pedunculated myxomas are somewhat mobile, symptoms may only occurwhen the patient is in a particular position.
Some symptoms of myxoma may be associated with the release of interleukin 6 (IL-6) by the myxoma. High levels of IL-6 may be...
location on the bedside table at all times per patient preference.
Explain procedures before you begin
Tell the pt whatyou are doing before you touch them
At mealtime, explain location of food like the hands of a clock (your milk is at 2 o’clock)
Keep call light within reach!
Do not play with the...
type on contraction puts a lot of strain through the muscle and is commonly involved in muscle injuries. * Isometric (meaning same distance or not moving) - Isometric contractions occurwhen there is no change in the length of the contracting muscle. This occurswhen carrying an object in front of...
ataxia. This means that the patient:
A)has slow skeletal muscle movements of his upper extremities.
B)has slow, purposeless writhing of his hands.
C)walks with an uncoordinated gait.
D)has muscle jerking and spasms when he attempts movement.
3)The patient was in a coma for a long time in a...