Dr. Gregory Karapetian
Specialties of Anatomy
Anatomy describes the structures of the body:
What they are made of
Where they are located
Physiology is the study of:
Functions of anatomical structures
Individual and cooperative functions
respiratory organs, these are the outer skin, the tracheal system, gills and lungs. Each of these different types of respiratory organs allows for "gas exchange with the externalenvironment," (Cambell, Reece, Taylor, & Simon, 2006, p. 454). These organs that are used for repiratory systems have what is "called...
Overview of Anatomy and Physiology
Study of the function of the body
Subdivisions based on organsystems
(e.g., renal or cardiovascular physiology)
Often focuses on cellular and molecular level
Body's abilities depend on chemical...
What it does
• protection against disease ( it acts as a first defense against disease causing particles, due to the fact most cant get through unopened skin)
• sensory response (specialized nerve cells sense and relay info to the brain)
• formation of vitamin D (formed by ultraviolet...
electromagnets to see small objects
Total magnification = eyepiece magnification x objective lens magnification
The organelles of a cell are the ‘little organs’ that perform a particular function for the cell. Each organelle does something different
Every organelle is either made up of or enclosed in organelles
section Respiratory system.
The respiratory system of birds differs significantly from that found in mammals, containing unique anatomical features such as air sacs. The lungs of birds also do not have the capacity to inflate as birds lack a diaphragm and a pleural cavity. Gas exchange in birds occurs between...
see small objects
– Total magnification = eyepiece magnification x objective lens magnification
– The organelles of a cell are the ‘little organs’ that perform a particular function for the cell. Each organelle does something different
– Every organelle is either made up of or enclosed in...
faster rate until about 10 years of age.
A bottlenose dolphin has a sleek, streamlined, fusiform body, adapted for life in an aquatic environment.
A bottlenose dolphin has a well-defined rostrum.
Teeth are conical and interlocking; they are designed for grasping food. Most individuals...
Understand the basis of classifying objects as living and non-living.
Explain what are life processes
Define the term nutrition and describe various modes of nutrition in
Describe the importance of photosynthesis...
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
See also: Respiratory tract
A complete, schematic view of the human respiratory system with their parts and functions.
Latin systema respiratorium
The respiratory system (or ventilatory system) is the biological system that...
Different tissues combine to form an organ
Holds parts together
Blood Vessels for blood supply
Will always find all 4 tissue types
Different organs combine to form organsystems
Underlying themes in this course
their organs are
dissected (cut up) to be examined.
regional anatomy, all the structures (muscles, bones, blood vessels, nerves, etc.) in a particular region of the body, such as the abdomen or leg, are examined at the same time
systemic anatomy (sis-temik),* body structure is studied
* Cephalization: has a central nervous system
* Endoderm: innermost germ layer, lines the developing digestive tube
* Archenteron: gives rise to the lining of the digestive tract and organs such as the liver and lungs
* Diploblastic: animals...
Taking notes while reading and during lectures
d. Two finger idea – One finger on what you are reading while the other hand has a finger following the diagram that goes with the reading to help you understand more.
4) What are some strategies you will use to be successful in this class?
The main strategy...
electromagnets to see small objects Total magnification = eyepiece magnification x objective lens magnification The organelles of a cell are the ‘little organs’ that perform a particular function for the cell. Each organelle does something different Every organelle is either made up of or enclosed...
muscle contractions, and nerves signal information about the externalenvironment.
C. Epithelial tissue
-consists of cells specialized in the exchange of materials between the cell and its environment.
-separated into two types:
Glandular tissue-Produces substances such as enzymes and hormones
Epithelial tissue-Covers some parts of the body
The stomach is one of the organs that form the digestive system. The stomach contains various tissues, and each tissue is made of a particular type of cell.
During the development...
Physiology- how an organism works (humans for this class)
* Ions and proteins- microscopic level- builds to talk about how systems of body work
* Systems- respiratory, circulatory, renal (kidneys)- everything impacts one another- never in complete isolation- PROGRESSION
The Language of The Cell
MAY 3rd, 1996
SCIENCE 10 AP
The cell is a complex and delicate system: It can be seen that the cell
is the stage where everyday functions such as molecule movement, protein
synthesis and tissue repair take place. All organelles within the cell are well
rehearsed in their...
overall organization of the nervous system, understanding the major divisions and their function relationship.
A. CNS – Central = brain and spinal cord
B. PNS – Peripheral = Afferent and Efferent
1. Afferent (sensory) – supply input from the environment to CNS