clarifying the exact form of the relationship between those authors' theoreticalapproaches and their methodological techniques. His conclusion was that there is no clear relationship between theory and method and, contrary to expectations, writers with a realist theoretical position tended to use...
based on research. It is these ontological and epistemological implications of meta-theory that make it all the more necessary to understand the differences contained within different meta-theoreticalapproaches.
In order to illustrate these differences this essay has set out to identify three...
sociology is related to one of the theoreticalapproaches presented earlier in the chapter.
Research Orientations and Theory Linksbetween research orientations and theory A. Positivist orientation is linked to the structural-functional approach – both are concerned with the scientific goal of...
agreement between different qualitative approaches, it is hoped that it will move the polemic debate on to look at pragmatic solutions to the dilemmas of evidence. The policy making and practice worlds will not wait for methodological perfection but are happy to accept ‘good enough’ research evidence of...
, both approaches are represented. More interesting,
however, is the range of area studies (militarism, criminology, immigration,
political sociology, medical sociology, organizations, media studies, culture,
urban planning, and education) and theoretical frameworks (network analysis,
Table of contents
Diaspora and transnationalism: What kind of dance partners? 9
Diasporas, transnational spaces and communities 35
The dynamics of migrants’ transnational formations: Between
mobility and locality 51...
methodological similarities on the other. Although there are differences between
qualitative approaches (Creswell, 1998), it is sometimes difficult to find clear
distinctions between them even though they can be important. All qualitative
research, however, focuses on the lived...
different assumption about the nature of society? In each case, what is the purpose of sociological study? What is the link(s) between the threemethodologicalapproaches to sociology and the threetheoreticalapproaches?
Chapter 2: Culture
Highlight the different insights about culture that...
political and gives up any claim to objectivity.
D. Methods and Theory
In general, each of the three ways to do sociology is related to one of the theoreticalapproaches presented earlier in the chapter.
Research Orientations and Theory
Linksbetween research orientations and theory
been gathered or compiled in some way’ (Dale et al. 1988: 3). This may involve using the original, or novel, research questions, statistical approaches and theoretical frameworks; and may be undertaken by the original researcher or by someone new.
What are secondary data?
Secondary data can...
looked for, once the cold war started, was some intellectual compass …
“Realism” … precisely provided what was necessary’ (ibid., 10).
Finally, there were three sets of institutional opportunities which
Hoffmann argues did not exist anywhere else in the world other than the
US: the linkbetween...
questions about methods in respect to specific content areas (cf. coping of illness MAYRING 1994b; emotion research SCHMITT & MAYRING 2000) and then to compare different methodologicalapproaches (quantitative approaches as well). 
Altheide, D.L. (1996). Qualitative media analysis...
has aroused plenty of debates in past decades.
This paper aims at delineating the most relevant aspects of the methodological and theoretical controversy regarding the topic “conflict”, as well as giving an idea about what the debate so far has been all about. After a first examination of the...
]; processual approaches to studying management such as ‘becoming ontology’, e.g.  and ‘complex responsive processes of relating in organisations’ [5,9]; and a number of other works by writers who consider the relationship between agency and structure, and methodologicalapproaches to theorising...
a range of different research approaches. These differ in their theoretical assumptions, their understanding of their object of investigation and their methodological focus. But they may be summarized under three broad headings: theoretical reference points may be sought, first, in the traditions...
research diaries or context protocols (see Chapter 22).
Variety of Approaches and Methods
Qualitative research is not based on a unified theoretical and methodological concept. Various theoreticalapproaches and their methods characterize the discussions and the research practice. Subjective...
important research agendas in CDA and discuss new challenges for CDA research. Secondly, we discuss the various theoretical and methodologicalapproaches assembled in this volume from a sociological and epistemological perspective.2 There, we focus mostly on three central and constitutive concepts: power...
anthropology, psychology, and sociology, with the distinction between social and behavioral science often blurred when these disciplines are applied in public health research and practice, particularly in schools of public health and governmental agencies. Many, if not most, public health approaches...
on social dimensions of sport and evidence on the linkbetween sport, social capital and community cohesion. Section eight provides a review of the literature on the factors shaping participation. The final section draws some conclusions regarding future research.
2. TheoreticalApproaches to the...
is the same as Paper 1 for
Paper 2 for A Level is the same as Paper 2 for
25% of total marks 25% of total marks
Paper 3 3 hours
Candidates answer three essay questions from a choice of 12.
50% of total marks
Cambridge International A & AS Level Sociology 9699...