• Macroeconomics as a second language
    Westford. The cover was printed by Courier Westford. Founded in 1807, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. has been a valued source of knowledge and understanding for more than 200 years, helping people around the world meet their needs and fulfill their aspirations. Our company is built on a foundation of principles that...
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  • Microeconomics Final Exam study guide
    has to remain in the industry and it will continue to operate if P > AVC. In this way it will be minimising its losses. If P < AVC it would shut down which means the firm is facing loss, so it will not continue operating so it will shut down. However, at the end of the short run, i.e. in the long run, if...
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  • How Low Inflation Affects Business
    ‘Business Environment’. Explain the various elements of the internal environment of business. What do you understand by the task environment? A business environment can be defined as the surroundings, external factors, circumstances and all the influencing factors that affect the operations of a business...
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  • Econ
    Linking the United States to the International Economy • Explain how the balance of payments is calculated. 29.2 The Foreign Exchange Market and Exchange Rates • Explain how exchange rates are determined and how changes in exchange rates affect the prices of imports and exports. 29.3 The International...
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  • Test
    modeling, we estimate a reduced form model to investigate the exchange rate sensitivity of China’s real GDP. We find that currency devaluation is contractionary in China. Key Words: Bounds-Testing Approach, China, Currency Devaluation. JEL Classification: F41, F43 _________________________________________________________________________________...
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  • Europe: Economic Policy & Structural Change
    Block 4 E4.1 Explain concisely what a fiscal consolidation is and why it might be either contractionary or expansionary. Provide an evaluation of episodes of fiscal consolidation in European countries since the 1980s – were they contractionary or expansionary and why? Explain what is meant by a ‘revenue-led’...
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  • Microeconomics
    markets and financial intermediaries through which firms acquire funds from households. Financial Markets: Markets where financial securities such as stocks and bonds are bought and sold. A financial security is a document that states the terms under which funds pass from the buyer of the security (the...
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  • Macro Summary Notes
    Macroeconomics Summary otes What is Macroeconomics? Macroeconomics is concerned either with the economy as a whole or with the basic subdivisions or aggregates that make up the economy. Microeconomics is the study of individual choices and group behaviour in individual markets, analysing how choices inform market...
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  • Macroeconomics Exam
    economy before and during the global financial and economic crisis Since the late 1970s China has moved from a closed, centrally planned system to a more market-oriented one that plays a major global role – in 2010 China became the world’s largest exporter. The economic reforms started at the end of the...
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  • Macro Tut 6
    Discuss how the government can use discretionary fiscal policy and automatic stabilisers to stabilise fluctuations in real GDP. What tools does the government have at its discretion to stabilise the economy? Suppose the government decides to decrease income taxes. Show in a diagram and explain how this...
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  • Aggregate Demand and Supply Paper
    depending on what is being assessed. Home mortgage rates are as low as 2.26% in some areas. The Federal Reserve stated in August that they were going to further steps to stimulate growth if the job market does not show sustained improvement (U.S. Federal Reserves leaves monetary policy unchanged, August)...
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  • keynesian economics
    TUTOR: Mr. Lawal G. and Mr. Adedeji QUESTION Keynesian solution to unemployment was higher public spending which through the multiplier process would generate income and more jobs. Explain how this solution works and are there other solutions to the problem of unemployment? INTRODUCTION The world...
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  • Monetary Policies
    1. What Monetary Policies would you recommend to generate for GDP Growth to Reduce Unemployment and Stabilize Inflation? US economy is one of the largest economies in the world with the per capita GDP of $47,200. More than 60% of US economy is lead by the SME’s. The yearly expenses of the individual...
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  • Fiskal - Changing Impact of Fiscal Policy on Selected Asean
    Accepted Manuscript Title: Changing Impact of Fiscal Policy on Selected ASEAN Countries Authors: Hsiao Chink Tang, Philip Liu, Eddie C. Cheung PII: DOI: Reference: To appear in: Received date: Revised date: Accepted date: S1049-0078(12)00070-X doi:10.1016/j.asieco.2012.07.003 ASIECO 865 ASIECO 1-3-2011...
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  • Maroeconomices
    Questions 1. Which of the following are domestic assets for a country’s central bank? I. Debt securities II. Loans to banks III. Foreign currency assets IV. Currency V. Deposits to the central bank from banks a. I b. I and II c. I, II, and III d. I, II III, IV, and V ANSWER: B 2. The sum...
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  • Economincs
    Q2. Explain the profit maximisation model in detail. A process that companies undergo to determine the best output and price levels in order to maximize its return. The company will usually adjust influential factors such as production costs, sale prices, and output levels as a way of reaching its...
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  • Eco202 Module 1
    Weinraub Introduction In order to explain the most divisive area of economics applied to political decision making, it is essential to dive into the history and ideas of the theories of John Maynard Keynes, and Milton Friedman. How their ideals and policies differ is a good topic for discussion and...
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  • Gov Stuff
    Robb Dooling ® the World Scholar’s Cup® ALPACA-IN-CHIEF Daniel Berdichevsky CA N DO YO U RS ECONOMICS CRAM KIT ® HOW TO THINK LIKE AN ECONOMIST ............................................................................................................... 2 CATEGORIZATION...
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  • Hasj
    The qualification consists of 4 mandatory units in which students get an introduction to the fundamentals of business management. They then choose 2 optional to gain more specialist knowledge. Each unit will be assessed by an assignment/s of between 2 and 3000 words. All the assignments created by centres...
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  • Critical Thinker
    should be able to: a. explain the factors that influence real GDP and long-run and short-run aggregate supply, explain movement along the long-run and short-run aggregate supply curves (LAS and SAS), and discuss the reasons for changes in potential GDP and aggregate supply; b. explain the components of...
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