• Change-Oriented Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Public Administration: the Power of Leadership and the Cost of Organizational Politics
    uniqueness of OCB over classical OCB measures (individual and organizational), the general positive effect of leadership on OCB and the moderating effect of perceptions of politics in this relationship. Implications of the findings are developed and discussed in the context of modern public...
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  • HOW CAN ORGANIZATIONS SAFEGUARD THEMSELVES AGAINST EXCESSIVE RISK TAKEN BY NARCISSISTIC CEOS
    taking has a negative influence on firm performance, thus the risk-taking incentives of overconfidence narcissistic CEOs would harm the organization’s performance. However, narcissists can also enhance organizational performance. One of the positive effects is that they generate more dynamism in...
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  • Doing More with Less: A Philosophical View of Dr. Michael Apple
    educational reform as it relates to politics, culture, and power. As part of Apple’s early insights for the need to reform the institution of learning, he based his ideas on the fundamental belief that there are negative effects of power and inequality in education. Schools, Apple has consistently...
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  • Bilateral Relations Between Countries and the Complexity of Newspaper Editorials
    developed within the newspaper and may or may not be congruent with governmental views (cf. Charles, Shore, & Todd, 1979; Downing, 1988; Dreier, 1982). On the other hand, the effects of international tension on complexity have been shown to be quite pervasive in society-but these findings were based on...
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  • Leadership
    have a positive or negative effect on the company’s values and mission. If an organization is just trying to meet governmental regulations in regards to toxic emissions, they may simply install a monitoring system that controls the amount of emissions. This is what is deemed an “end of pipe” solution...
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  • Ethics and Politics
    [pic] [pic] Strategic Leadership and Decision Making 17 LEVERAGING POWER AND POLITICS The challenges faced by strategic leaders in implementing complex and long-range consequential decisions demand that they be sophisticated with respect to issues of leadership, power and influence. The...
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  • Introduction to Organizational Politics
    assignments. Many people regard organizational politics as something negative (e.g., pursuing selfinterests at the expense of others) and something to be minimized. Consequently, although most people know that organizational politics are common, they avoid saying so when it concerns one=s own behavior. It...
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  • Public Policy Making
    | | No concern for minimal participation of masses | | Focus is governmental, public and not including private sector politics, what of Elites in educational sector, corporate sector, communication sector, labour sector, thus picture of societal power is limited | | Pluralists are preoccupied...
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  • An Understanding on Organizational Behaviour
    counter the negative effects of the unofficial channels, the organization must have well laid out systems, which are understood by workers, supervisors and managers. The leader must keep open mind while dealing with subordinates and exercise full control over various systems, levels and ensure planned...
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  • Organizational Politics
    desirable assignments. Many people regard organizational politics as something negative (e.g., pursuing self-interests at the ex­pense of others) and something to be minimized. Consequently, although most people know that organizational politics are common, they avoid saying so when it concerns one=s...
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  • Odernization Theory and Women's Political Representation
    . Hughes, M. (2004). Understanding the Positive Effects of Civil War on Women’s Parliamentary Representation. Paper Presented at the 102nd American Sociology Association Annual Meeting. New York, NY, August 11-14. Huntington, S. (1971). The Change to Change: Modernization, Development, and Politics...
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  • Texas vs Johnson
    expressing concerns of the potential negative effects of Johnson's actions. The State's conviction is therefore unjust, based on its claim that Johnson has threatened societal order and peace. This does not disregard the conviction of Johnson entirely, the right of the State to...
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  • Power and Politics in Organization
    government but also to the means chosen to bring these ends to fruition. In Lasswell’s (1936) brutally unvarnished observation, politics is about ‘Who Gets What, When, How’. Where organizations are constrained or hemmed in by normative considerations, appeals to logic and rationality do not travel...
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  • Politics
    unable to govern. Party unity, or at least the public semblance of unity, was perceived by New Labour's core leadership as an essential element in avoiding negative media coverage and promoting a positive response with public opinion. Second, New Labour realised that it had to convey the image of a...
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  • B300A
    the potential to influence their judgments and decisions as well as their subsequent behavior. Americans, for example, are generally influenced by the positive consequences of a decision, whereas Asians appear to be more influenced by the negative consequences that may occur due to a decision or line...
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  • Pr Communication
    single variable which summarizes each person’s net feelings about subnational versus national governmental responsibilities. The variable ranges from À4 to þ4. Negative values indicate greater support for state and local responsibility, while positive values indicate more support for the national...
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  • Public Administration Notes
    * Dichotomy: * Politics (Democracy) ------X-------------------------------------------Y------- Administration * Dichotomy- tension- a give and take between the two- negative relationship * Examples: X- legislature and Y- State Police--- each at...
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  • Mr. Benjamin Musa
    paid advertising. Proactive public relations will support the launch of a new product in an overseas market or help maintain the company’s product in the news through positive publicity. Effective public relations can also counteract negative impressions about your product and foster goodwill for...
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  • Politics of Education
    3 Politics versus education 5 The positive role of bureaucracy 9 Change as a panacea 15 The Politics And Power Of...
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  • Political Stability
    distribution crisis.” These all issues play an effective role in making the politics instable, but we only discussed the first two issues, the identity crisis and legitimacy crisis in Pakistan. Identity crisis creates negative effects on the sentiments of nationalism and the feeling of people towards...
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