"Walter And Gordon Model Of Dividend Theory" Essays and Research Papers

Walter And Gordon Model Of Dividend Theory

INTRODUCTION : The term dividend refers to that part of profits of a company which is distributed by the company among its shareholders. It is the reward of the shareholders for investments made by them in the shares of the company. The investors are interested in earning the maximum return on their investments and to maximize their wealth. A company, on the other hand, needs to provide funds to finance its long-term growth. If a company pays out as dividend most of what it earns, then for...

Capital accumulation, Dividend yield, Finance 1616  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document


Dividend policy is concerned with financial policies regarding paying cash dividend in the present or paying an increased dividend at a later stage. Whether to issue dividends, and what amount, is determined mainly on the basis of the company's unappropriated profit (excess cash) and influenced by the company's long-term earning power. When cash surplus exists and is not needed by the firm, then management is expected to pay out some or all of those surplus earnings in the form of cash dividends...

Dividend, Dividend yield, Finance 2052  Words | 7  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Policy

Dividend policy Dividend policy is concerned with taking a decision regarding paying cash dividend in the present or paying an increased dividend at a later stage. The firm could also pay in the form of stock dividends which unlike cash dividends do not provide liquidity to the investors, however, it ensures capital gains to the stockholders. The expectations of dividends by shareholders helps them determine the share value, therefore, dividend policy is a significant decision taken by the financial...

Dividend, Finance, Investment 1691  Words | 7  Pages

Open Document

The Gordon Model

Coursework Assignment Number 1 The Gordon Model is particularly useful since it includes the ability to price in the growth rate of dividends over the long term. It is important to remember that the price result of the Constant Dividend Growth Model assumes that the growth rate of the dividends over time will remain constant. This is a difficult assumption to accept in real life conditions, but knowing that the result is dependent on the growth rate allows us to conduct sensitivity analysis to...

Cash flow, Discounted cash flow, Dividend 1210  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Theories of Dividend

OF THE THREE DIVIDEND POLICY THEORIES Figure 13A-1 illustrates the three alternative dividend policy theories: (1) Miller and Modigliani’s dividend irrelevance theory, (2) Gordon and Lintner’s bird-in-thehand theory, and (3) the tax preference theory. To understand the three theories, consider the case of Hardin Electronics, which has from its inception plowed all earnings back into the business and thus has never paid a dividend. Hardin’s management is now reconsidering its dividend policy, and...

Consumer theory, Dividend, Dividend yield 1063  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Decision

15.3  Dividend Relevance Model  15.3.1  15.3.2  Walter Model  Gordon’s Dividend Capitalization Model  Dividend Decision  15.4  Dividend Irrelevance Theory:  Miller and Modigliani Model  15.5  Stability of Dividends  15.6  Forms of Dividends  15.7  Stock Split  15.8  Summary  Terminal Questions  Answers to SAQs and TQs  15.1 Introduction  Dividends are that portion of a firm’s net earnings paid to the shareholders. Preference shareholders  are  entitled  to a fixed  rate of  dividend  irrespective ...

Dividend, Dividend yield, Dividends 2110  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Policy Theories

There are a number of theories regarding the relevance of dividend policy-discuss these theories. In what situations might management decide to increase dividends? Dividend Irrelevance Theory Much like their work on the capital-structure irrelevance proposition, Modigliani and Miller also theorized that, with no taxes or bankruptcy costs, dividend policy is also irrelevant. This is known as the dividend-irrelevance theory, indicating that there is no effect from dividends on a company's capital...

Corporate finance, Dividend, Dividend yield 703  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Gordon Growth Model

What is Gordon Growth Model, “This model is use to determine the fundamental value of stock, it determines the value of stock based on sequence or series of dividends that matured at a constant rate , and the dividend per share is payable in a year” Stock Value (P) = D / (k – G)--------------Equation 1 Where D= Expected dividend per share one year from now G= Growth rate in dividends k= required rate of return for equity investor This model is useful to find the value of stock, with following...

Bond, Finance, Hedge fund 682  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Policies

The dividend irrelevance theory is a concept that is based on the premise that the dividend policy of a given company should not be considered particularly important by investors. Further, the terms of that dividend policy should not have any bearing on the price of the shares of stock issued by that company. With this particular financial theory, the idea is that investors can always sell a portion of their shares if they want to generate some amount of cash flow. As with most investment theories...

Corporate finance, Dividend, Finance 2067  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

Effect of Dividend Policies

Introduction The optimal dividend policy of a firm depends on investor’s desire for capital gains as opposed to income, their willingness to forgo dividend now for future returns, and their perception of the risk associated with postponement of returns. However any normative approach to dividend policy intended to be operative under real world conditions should consider the firms investment opportunities, any preferences that investors have for dividends as opposed to capital gains and vice...

Bond, Dividend, Dividend yield 1970  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document


Deal with rational for dividend according to MM Relevance theory, Walter's Model, Gordon’s Growth Model, Graham Dodd Model Model, Graham Dodd Model Financial Management Assignment 2 Topic: Rational for Dividends By Group 2:- 104 | Anshul Jain 105 | Bhaskar Jain 106 | Pranav Jain 154 | Parth Barot 155 | Subhashish Baruah 156 | Chaitanya Agrawal Financial Management Assignment 2 Topic: Rational...

Dividend, Dividend reinvestment plan, Dividends 842  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Does a dividend policy matter?

INTRODUCTION That report is a detailed review of dividend policy and whether or not could affect the market value of the company. When companies make profits, managers have to decide either to reinvest those profits for the good of company or either they could pay out the owners (shareholders) of the firm in dividends. Once they decide to pay dividends they may possibly establish a permanent dividend policy, which is the set of guidelines a company uses in order to decide how much of its profits...

Dividend, Dividend yield, Investment 1574  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Policy

Dividend Theory 1. Discuss the factors which may impact on a firm’s dividend policy? .Industry and Company Variations Payout ratios vary amongst different industries e.g. firms within the telecoms and utilities sectors may typically payout around 60% of earnings in dividends, whilst retailers and computer software companies may typically payout around 20% of earnings in dividends Legal Constraints 1. Legal constraints can be viewed in the context of three broad areas; ...

Dividend, Dividend yield, Finance 1959  Words | 7  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Policy Link Bewteen Theory & Practice

capitalization on the dividend rate. The study reveals that as per dividend irrelevance theory dividend policy has no influence on value of the firm for the reason of homemade dividend according to dividend relevance theory, value of the firm is influenced by dividend policy because of certainty, information content and clientele effect; liquidity, availability of worthwhile projects, availability of alternative funds, profitability, growth, leverage, reaction of market to dividend reduction, ownership...

Dividend, Dividend yield, Dividends 1072  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Policy Determinants

review of dividend theories along with the major empirical evidence for and against the dividend theories, a brief summary of the results of empirical analysis of determinants of dividend policy by country. Theoretical and empirical backgrounds of the article cover the last fifty years research outcomes on firm value and dividend policy of the firm. Summarizing all these works, there are three dominating views. The first, Gordon (1963), and Lintner (1962) suggest that an increase in dividend payout...

Agency cost, Dividend, Dividend yield 1747  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Discount Model

Dividend discount model Dividend discount model (DDM) is a way of valuing a share based on the net present value of the dividends that you expect to receive in the future. According to the DDM, dividends are the cash flows that are returned to the shareholder. FY 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007F 2008F 2009F Share price 0.155 0.150 0.230 0.370 0.450 0.450 Dividends per share 0.005 0.012 0.014 0.012 0.013 0.019 0.0178 0.020 Dividend Growth 0.0833 0.258 0.014 0.014 Dividend rates...

1916, 1917, 1918 612  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Growth Model, Capital Asset Pricing Model, Modern Portfolio Theory, Estimation of Untraded Stocks

1. Dividend Growth ModelThe basic assumption in the Dividend Growth Model is that the dividend is expected to grow at a constant rate. That this growth rate will not change for the duration of the evaluated period. As a result, this may skew the resultant for companies that are experiencing rapid growth. The Dividend Growth Model is better suited for those stable companies that fit the model. Those that are growing quickly or that don't pay dividends do not fit the assumption parameters, and thus...

Business valuation, Capital asset pricing model, Dividend 1223  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Decision

DIVIDEND DECISION  The dividend decision is one of the 3 basic decisions which a financial manager maybe required to take, the other two being the investment decisions and the financing decisions. In each period any earnings that remain after satisfying obligations to the creditors, the government and the preference sh.hol can either be retained or paid out as dividends or bifurcated between retained earnings and dividends. The retained earnings can be invested in assets which will help...

Dividend, Dividend yield, Dividends 1540  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

journal critque on dividend policy

Individual Assignment Journal Critique on Dividend Policy Executive Master in Business Administration 2014 Prepared by: MOHAMAD NOR BIN ANNUAR (2013467872) The first report entitled “Dividend Policy Decisions” by Dr. Gurdeep Chawla is a report based on past research that seeks to describe dividend theories, dividend policies and the factors that managers consider important in formulating those policies. While the second report is entitled “Dividend policy and payout ratio: evidence from the...

Dividend, Dividend yield, Dividends 1736  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Summary of Literature Review on Dividends

review article The article is called Dividend policy: A review of Theories and Empirical Evidence. In this article, the main theories on dividend policy are described and their credibility is evaluated. Connection between the reviewed paper and my research proposal According to my research proposal, the master thesis topic will be “Comparative analysis of companies’ dividend policy: international perspective”. Therefore, the literature review on dividend policy has a direct connection to my...

Cash flow, Corporate finance, Dividend 2161  Words | 7  Pages

Open Document

Capital Asset Pricing Models

PRICING MODELS Pricing Models Adam F. Thornton FIN 501 – 3 TUI University Dr. William Anderson Chipotle Mexican Grill (CMG) is one of the fastest growing restaurant chains in the United States. Self proclaimed as “fast-casual,” CMG offers a dining experience that is unique, organic, and which draws from the local economy. For the investor, CMG is a wise investment for the aggressive and fast growing portion of a portfolio. When determining an appropriate model to evaluate...

Arbitrage, Capital asset pricing model, Finance 1684  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Policy

A: Description of dividend policy Dividend policy is an important issue for all top management in every year because company need to make decision about paying the dividend or not and how much of the dividend per share. It means that company may not pay the dividend because it wants to keep more capital to develop the new plans or hope company can have enough money to handle the future problems. On the other hand, company may think that it need to pay the dividend to the shareholders every year...

Dividend, Dividend payout ratio, Dividend yield 2184  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

Theories and Models

University of Phoenix Material Theories and Models in Case Management Worksheet Fill in the table below by identifying major theories and modes used in the field. Be sure to list some of the leading advocates names and key ideas. Major Theories/models Summarize key points of the theory Reference Reality Therapy Emphases on treating inappropriate behavior by improving relationships with world around them. The client is to form a plan and practice actions that offer a solution to their behavioral...

Behaviorism, Clinical psychology, Cognitive behavioral therapy 754  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Gordon s Theory

David Draper Kelsey Rogers Gordon’s Theory Majorie Gordon theory was established with 11 functional health patterns. Gordon proposed 11 functional health patterns as a guide to organize data while assessing a patient. These 11 health patterns help signify a sequence of recurring behavior. Gordon’s Typology of 11 Functional Health Patterns 1. Health-perception-health –management pattern a. Describes the client’s perceived pattern of health and well-being and how health is managed. 2. Nutritional-metabolic...

Illness, Medicine, Nursing 573  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Walter Rostow’s Linear Development Theory

BSDS101: Assignment 1: Outline the stages of Walter Rostow’s Linear development theory and discuss the theory’s applicability to the developing world. Introduction: The question of why and how the developing world has since been developing at a relatively low pace has since been interpreted by various perspectives most of which are Euro-centric and highly debatable. A number of theories have since been formulated to explain why the developing countries are lagging behind in terms of their Gross...

Developed country, Developing country, Development 2117  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

Theories, Models, and Decision Making

Theories, Models, and Decision Making There are many theories, models, and principles in describing the ways that people make decisions. The expected utility theory is based on a normative theory of behavior. It describes how people would behave if they followed certain requirement of rational decision making (Plous, 1993, p. 80). Further studies showed that paradoxes such as framing effects violated the principles of expected utility theory which made researches turn to alternative models of...

Decision making, Decision theory, Economics of uncertainty 823  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Models and Theories of Change Review

Project in Change Management Models and Theories of Change Review By: Carl V. Gibson Organizational Leadership and Change Management LDR/515 Mentor: Mr. Bruce W. Webb University of Phoenix Date: May 21, 2007 In the process of using models and theories of change review I have identify five different models or theories of change. Discuss the validity and utility of these models. Therefore in the development of my project I have come up with three models and two theories which will help me develop...

Change management, Leadership, Leadership studies 1853  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

Models of memory and theories

This essay is going to look at how the Multi Store Model of Memory works and how it compares with The Working Memory Model. It will also look at three theories of forgetting (Cue Dependent, Interference and Trace Decay) and show the evidence that supports or criticises the models and theories. The Multi Store Model of Memory (Atkinson and Shiffrin, 1968) describes memory as a flowing through system in terms of information. The multi store model of memory itself has its fair share of strengths and...

Decay theory, Interference theory, Long-term memory 2062  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Models in Mass Communication Theories

Models in Mass Communication Theories 1. Definition of a model 2. Functions of a model 3. Evaluation of a model 4. Some early communication models - Lasswell's Model - Shanon&Weaver - The Gerbner Model. 1- Definition of a model: A model is not an explanatory device by itself, but it helps to formulate theory. It suggests relationships between variables. A model provides a frame within which we can consider a problem, even if in its early versions it does...

Broadcasting, Channel, Communication 867  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Critique on Gordon Allport (Theories of Personality)

Gordon Allport- theory review PSY201 Boitumelo Chantelle Mangope   Introduction Gordon Allport was truly a phenomenal personality theorist who explained what a personality is and he bent most of the rules that were set out by other theorists including the father of personality himself, Sigmund Freud and in addition to that, he considered Freud’s theory of personality as the worst theory of all time. The Life of Gordon Allport Gordon Allport was the first American-born personality...

Clinical psychology, Gordon Allport, Person 2590  Words | 7  Pages

Open Document

Paper Presentation on Dividend Policy

Paper Presentation on Dividend Theory (a theoretical review) 9 Presented by: |ABDULMUMIN, Biliqees Ayoola |UIL/PG2012/105873 | |ADEJARE, Rukayat Bukola |UIL/PG2012/104601 | |AMUJO, Emmanuel Temitope |UIL/PG2012/103958 ...

Corporate finance, Dividend, Dividend yield 6421  Words | 30  Pages

Open Document

The Expectancy Theory Model of Motivation

Expectancy Theory of Motivation One process model of motivation, expectancy theory, will be discussed and applied in the context of compensation because it is the most useful (or practical) in understanding the relationship between compensation, rewards, and motivation. This discussion has been part of the book up to the 6th edition, but removed because some reviewers considered it as a repetition of material covered in OB courses. We offer it here as a supplement to show how Expectancy Theory applies...

Employment, Human resource management, Human resources 1789  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Social-Ecologial Model Theory

easy to attain a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or a sexually transmitted disease (STD). I would use the social-ecological model theory to accomplish a prevention and promotional change in behaviors. The social-ecological model provides a framework for understanding the different influences and their relationships to one another. In the social-ecological model theory there are different stages or levels to your prevention or promotional program. The five stages or levels are: Individual, Relationship...

Epidemiology, Health care, Health care provider 681  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Theories and Their Arguments

eurojournals.com Dividend Policy: A Review of Theories and Empirical Evidence Husam-Aldin Nizar Al-Malkawi Corresponding Author, Faculty of Business, ALHOSN University P.O. Box 38772 - Abu Dhabi, UAE E-mail: h.almalkawi@alhosnu.ae Michael Rafferty Senior Research Analyst, WRC, University of Sydney, Australia E-mail: m.rafferty@econ.usyd.edu.au Rekha Pillai Faculty of Business, ALHOSN University, Abu Dhabi, UAE E-mail: r.pillai@alhosnu.ae Abstract The literature on dividend policy has produced...

Dividend, Dividend yield, Dividends 19059  Words | 53  Pages

Open Document

Attachment Theory and Partnership Model

Describe how partnerships with carers are developed and sustained in own work setting A partnership model work around a theory of collaboration, understanding and and communication. It’s a way that helps to recognise how the best outcomes can happen for children when care, development and learning provision/a setting , a cooperatively together. A partnership model looks like this: Identifying needs via a partnership /mullet agency document can happen though the pre CAF assessment check list...

Attachment theory, Data Protection Act 1998, Family 805  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Discount Model

Evaluation Calculation Discursive 20% 80% Question 2 Dividend Valuation Model 45% 55% Question 3 Option strategies Straddles 80% 20% Question 4 Duration and convexity –Price – yield relationship 30% 70% Question 5 Option and Futures -mixed N/A 100% Question 6 CAPM 40% 60% Dividend Discount Models 1. The intrinsic value, denoted V0, of a share of stock is defined as the present value of all cash payments to the investor in the stock, including dividends as well as the proceeds from the ultimate sale...

Dividend yield, Free cash flow, Fundamental analysis 4288  Words | 12  Pages

Open Document

Memory models/Theories + Altruism

December 12, 2012 3.1.6 Evaluate two models or theories of one cognitive process with reference to research studies. Two Theories for Memory: The Multi-Store Memory Model: Sensory Stores Information directly received from sensory input, i.e. sight/hearing. Attention determines which parts are transferred to Short Term Storage Short Term Stores (STS) Memory with highly limited capacity (10 seconds) Information is forgotten if not rehearsed/ encoded into long term memory. Long Term...

Baddeley's model of working memory, Cognition, Cognitive psychology 1087  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Counseling Models And Theories

Application: Counseling Models and Theories Leigh Lusignan Walden University CPSY 6728-4 Substance Abuse Counseling Facilitator: Dr. Natalie Spencer July 9, 2014 Case Study: Jack Today I will briefly summarize two-counseling models and theories (i.e., client centered and Adlerian therapy). The two-model theories will apply to this case study regarding Jack and his alcoholism. I will provide you with strengths and weaknesses pertaining to the two-counseling models and/or theories and the one I would...

Alcohol abuse, Alcoholism, Alfred Adler 1110  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

Evaluation Theory and Model

Evaluation Theory and Models System analysis approach - quantitative output measures, usually test scores - tries to relate differences in programs to variations in test scores - survey and experimental methodology Behavioral objectives model - objectives of a program are spelled out in terms of specific student performances or behaviors _ uses test scores to measure the behaviors, using norm references or criterion references as standards The decision-making model - stru¬ctured by...

Criticism, Das Model, Evaluation 773  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Models for the Valuation of Shares

2 MODELS FOR THE VALUATION OF SHARES. 2.1 The concept of a cost of equity The cost of equity is the cost to the company of providing equity holders with the return they require on their investment. The primary financial objective is to maximize the return to equity shareholders. This return is as the future dividend yield and capital growth. Until new shareholders become members of the company, the objective above is concerned with existing shareholders. Company management will need to offer...

Gordon model, Interest, Net present value 1393  Words | 7  Pages

Open Document

Adlerian Theories and Models

 Adlerian Theory and Models of Counseling CCMH/506 – Personality Theories and Counseling Models Adlerian Theory and Models of Counseling The separate aspects that add up to the entire sum of what each individual develops into developed the basis of Adlerian Theory. This paper will address the connection between Adlerian theory and early psychodynamic theory and contemporary family systems. Adler’s greatest contribution to modern psychology will be included. The important...

Adlerian, Alfred Adler, Carl Jung 1219  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

Decision Model Theory

Decision Theory Models The Six Steps in Decision Theory * Clearly define the problem at hand. * List the possible alternatives. * Identify the possible outcomes or states of nature. * List the payoff or profit of each combination of alternatives and outcomes. * Select one of the mathematical decision theory models. * Apply the model and make your decision. Case Here we use the Thompson Lumber Company case as an example to illustrate these decision theory steps. John Thompson...

Arithmetic mean, Decision making, Decision making software 1245  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Social Learning Theory

Albert Bandura & Walter Mischel; Social Learning Theory Rebecca Campbell PSY 330 Theories of Personality Shannon Sellers June 3, 2011 Albert Bandura & Walter Mischel; Social Learning Theory While working on the Alaskan Highway, Bandura got to know the men he worked with. Most of these men had fled to Alaska in order to escape the creditors, alimony and probation officers. This is what gave him the incentive to major in psychology. Albert Bandura received his B.A. From the University...

Albert Bandura, Behavior, Bobo doll experiment 2336  Words | 7  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Irrevance Theory

ONE 1 INTRODUCTION The term dividend refers to that part of profits of a company which is distributed by the company among its shareholders. It is the reward of the shareholders for investments made by them in the shares of the company. The investors are interested in earning the maximum return on their investments and to maximize their wealth. A company, on the other hand, needs to provide funds to finance its long-term growth. If a company pays out as dividend most of what it earns, then for...

Corporate finance, Dividend, Dividend yield 7017  Words | 26  Pages

Open Document

Capital Asset Pricing Model and Arbitrage Pricing Theory

Bruner, uses the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) to help identify mispriced securities. However, a consultant suggests Bruner to use Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) instead. As the following, it will mention the role of CAPM in the modern portfolio management; to clarify the APT faction and explain the reasons why should Bruner use APT to help identify mispriced securities. In modern portfolio management, the role of Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) is a model that attempts to describe the relationship...

Arbitrage pricing theory, Capital asset pricing model, Finance theories 1242  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Policy

University of Hong Kong Dividend Policy Bank distributed a $6.30 dividend per share in 2008. If you purchased shares in Hang Seng Bank at $87 per share, the company’s dividend yield was 7.2% ($6.30/$87) which is much higher than the bank deposit rate. Dividend payout ratio is another important indicator: Dividend payout ratio = Dividend per share ÷ Earnings per share Dividend policy is the policy used by a company to decide how much it will pay out to shareholders in dividends. In your financial...

Cash flow, Dividend, Dividend yield 1334  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Signaling Approach on dividend policy

Approach on dividend policy Introductory Paragraph The title of the article that I have chosen is “The Information Content of Dividends- A Signaling Approach” which was written by Sasson Bar-Yosef and Lucy Huffman. It is a journal of Financial And Quantitative Analysis, Volume 21 Number. 1. The date of publication was on 1 March 1986. Summary of the Article The purpose of this article is to do the investigation and analysis to see how a corporation makes the decisions of dividend payment ratio...

Corporate finance, Dividend, Dividend yield 853  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Is the company worth nothing when no dividends?

when no dividends? Student name: Student number: Word count: 706 The dividend discount model is the way of valuing a firm according to the theory that a stock is value the discount sum of all of its future dividends payments. It is a equation for using the discounting them back to present value and predicted dividends to calculate the value of stock. This equation can not working without the dividend growth rate. if the company do not paid the dividends and have...

Cash flow statement, Corporate finance, Dividend 861  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Discount Model

Deriving the Dividend Discount Model in the Intermediate Microeconomics Class Stephen Norman Jonathan Schlaudraff Karianne White Douglas Wills* May 2012 Abstract This paper shows that the dividend discount model can be derived using the basic intertemporal consumption model that is introduced in a typical intermediate microeconomic course. This result will be of use to instructors who teach microeconomics to finance students in that it demonstrates the value of utility maximization in obtaining...

Capital asset pricing model, Economics, Indifference curve 2454  Words | 10  Pages

Open Document

Theory of the Gaps Model in Service Marketing |

|   | Theory Of The Gaps Model In Service Marketing |   |  History of the Gaps Model The gaps model of service quality was first developed by a group of authors, Parasuraman, Zeithaml, Berry, at Texas A&M and North Carolina Universities, in 1985 (Parasuraman, Zeithaml & Berry). Based on exploratory studies of service such as executive interviews and focus groups in four different service businesses the authors proposed a conceptual model of service quality indicating that consumers’...

Concept, Customer service, Expected value 612  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Assessment of Gordon Gekko's Personality Using a Mbti Framework and Personality Type Theory

essay is to assess Gordon Gekko character ‘s personality from an Oliver Stone’s Movie “The Wall street, Money Never Sleeps” using the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) framework and Personality Type Theory. THE MBTI The MBTI is an instrument designed to evaluate people and provide descriptive profiles of their personality types. It classifies people into sixteen broad and distinctive personality types based on Carl Jung’s theory of perception and judgement. The MBTI model was developed by Katharine...

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Oliver Stone, Personality psychology 2069  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

[HRD] Iceberg Model & McClelland Theory

Iceberg Model The Iceberg Model has been used in systems thinking. It explains that an iceberg only exposes 10% of its mass above water while 90% of its mass is hidden below the surface. Similarly, an individual competence is analogous to an Iceberg Model because there are both observable and hidden components. (Refer to Illustration 1) The observable components would be the individual’s knowledge and skills while the hidden components include values, self-image and motives. (Refer to Illustration...

Competence, David McClelland, Maslow's hierarchy of needs 984  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Formal Organizational Theory

of Professional Programs Lynchburg, VA Submitted by: Patina Hayes July 5, 2012 Formal organizational theory can be dated, originated in the late nineteenth century. Some of the earlier citing of organization theory were developed and conducted from military forces that were highly structured and arranged by rigidly structured ecclesiastical organizations ( Milakovich &Gordon). Hierarchy was founded throughout contemporary organizations, derived form a religious and military background...

Bureaucracy, Management, Max Weber 715  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Coca-Cola Dividend Policy

Coca-Cola Dividend Policy The definition of dividend is as follows: A dividend is the distribution or sharing of parts of profits to a company's shareholders. Now the question is why do companies pay dividends to it s shareholders? Because it’s the shareholders that are the real owners of the corporation and one would not own a piece of anything unless it would make money for them. So in turn a company wants to pay dividends to keep the shareholders happy and show that they are being profitable...

Dividend, Dividend yield, Dividends 1227  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Policy

Effects of Dividends on Stock Prices in Nepal Rabindra Joshi* Abstract This paper examines the impact of dividends on stock price in the context of Nepal. A majority of earlier studies conducted in developed countries show that dividend has a strong effect than retained earnings. The study examines whether this is consistent in the context of Nepal (or not) and the implication particularly to the banking and non-banking sector. To achieve the objective of the study, a descriptive and analytical research...

Dividend, Dividend yield, Financial ratio 6456  Words | 17  Pages

Open Document

Dividends and Dividend Policy

Running Head: DIVIDENDS AND DIVIDEND POLICY: DOES DIVIDEND Dividends and Dividend Policy: Does Dividend Policy Matter Ronald Jones University of Phoenix August 21, 2011 Dividends and Dividend Policy: Does Dividend Policy Matter According to Investor Dictionary, corporate finance is the specific area of finance dealing with the financial decisions corporations make, and the tools and analysis used to make the decisions. It may be divided as a whole between long term, capital...

Dividend, Dividend reinvestment plan, Dividends 1197  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Dividend Policy

DIVIDEND POLICY * Under dividend policy you should be ale to explain the following: * Dividend and types of dividend * Dividend policies and factors that affect dividend policy * Theories of dividend policy * It is a proportion of annual accounting profit or accumulated profit paid out to shareholders either in the form of cash or shares. * Dividend is recommended by the Board of directors for the approval of shareholders at Annual General Meeting (AGM). Shareholders can...

Dividend, Dividend reinvestment plan, Dividend yield 661  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Trend of Dividends Policy in Nigeria


Dividend, Dividend yield, Dividends 6528  Words | 23  Pages

Open Document

Ford Model T

itself to become a world renowned country. An advancement that will be focused on is the Ford Model T. During this time owning a car was a symbol of wealth. Henry Ford, the creator of the Model T, made a system that revolutionized the automobile industry as we know it today. Henry Ford made it possible for people with an average income to own a motor vehicle by creating the assembly line and the theory of mass production. "The horse, which had been the chief means of land transportation for 3,500...

Assembly line, Automobile, Ford Model T 1070  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

financial model

MODEL CREATION Introduction The main purpose of using financial model is to analyse and understand the financial situation of business for decision-making. .Finance needs various calculations to get precise information. There are different types of user e.g. managers and owners need the financial model to evaluate the risk and return to make business decisions for the smooth operation, Individual investors make logical investment decisions – ‘’Risk aversion’’ and etc.(Wild, Subramanyam and Halsey...

Arithmetic mean, Decision making, Geometric mean 1125  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free