• Juvenile Crime Issues in Today’s Criminal Justice System
    . Supreme Court cases relating to juvenile justice (Figure 15–2). Kent v. U.S. (1966) ISBN: 0-558-8661 1-5 The U.S. Supreme Court case that ended the hands-off era in juvenile justice was Kent v. U.S.,31 decided in 1966. The Kent case, which focused on the long-accepted concept of parens patriae...
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  • Historical Developments
    rested solidly on two fundamental principles: faith in the perfectibility of man, and implicit trust in the state's ability to promote individual well-being. The major reforms in the treatment of criminal offenders—probation, parole, and the juvenile court—that were either introduced or came into vogue...
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  • Cmrj 302 Should Juvenile Be Tried as Adults
    community. Children were property and punishment was delivered from the family and/or public punishment dealt by the village and in public. The juvenile justice system in the 19th Century adopted the parens patriae concept and provided the legal structure for the juvenile court system. In the late 1800...
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  • criminal justice fundamentals
    safety and offender accountability. 34. What re-entry courts due? Re-entry courts are specialized courts that help to reduce a offender’s habitual relapse into crime and improves public safety through the use of judicial oversight. 35. What is the most common age to consider someone a juvenile in the...
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  • Juvenile Justice
    property that belonged to the orphaned children of wealthy families. In the mid-1800s, American courts had used parens patriae as a justification for placing recalcitrant children in "houses of refuge," an early type of reformatory. America's juvenile court founders argued that parens patriae also allowed...
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  • Juvenile Justice Final Exam
    recognized the intrinsic powers of juvenile courts C) It authorized the use of probation for juvenile offenders D) It prohibited the imposition of the death penalty for juvenile offenders 15. Why are self-reports most likely inaccurate? A) Researchers do not survey all juveniles B) Juveniles tend to...
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  • Law & Psychiatry: Childhood Interrupted Civil Commitment of Minors
    juvenile, whether it be that there is simply one not present or that they have no choice but to entrust the minor to the system the court has a system known as parens patriae. This system allows for a minor to represented, to a certain extent, by a court appointed official. Parens Patriae: To provide a...
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  • Juvenile Justice Chapters 1-4 Study Guide
    offenders? Prison 98 The standard of proof in juvenile courts, where juveniles are not in jeopardy of losing their liberty, is: Preponderance of evidence 99 Common law in the United States was derived from: England 100 Parens patriae means: "The father of the country" 101 A standard...
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  • The Juvenile Justice System
    ://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/juvenile/stats/childadult.html Net industries, (2012). Parens patriae. Retrieved from: http://law.jrank.org/pages/9014/Parens-Patriae.html Office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention, (2003, June). Juveniles court. Retrieved from https...
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  • Jj and the Cjs
    witnessed the creation of the first Juvenile Court, the Cook County Juvenile Court. Parens patriae was already in place and the new school of thought allowed the court to “develop a different set of procedures and terminology from those of the adult courts” (Bartollas and Miller, 2008, p. 8) in an...
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  • Juvenile Justice
    belief that the state could and should as in loco parentis under parens patriae. In the late nineteenth century the juvenile justice system’s purpose was to determine cause, diagnose illness, and prescribe treatment. The Juvenile Justice system became part of the United States legal system with the...
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  • Juvenile Crime
    as early as 1825. In 1899, the first juvenile court was finally established in Cook County, Illinois, and by 1925, all but two states had followed.  Borrowing from the British thinking, the doctrine parens patriae (the State as Parent) served as the foundation for the newly established right for...
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  • Preventing juvenile Delinquency
    kids are not deterred by the fear of punishment because juvenile justice is based on the parens patriae philosophy, which mandates that children be treated and not punished. This greatly limits the power of the law to deter juvenile crime. In recent years, the increase in teenage violence, gang...
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  • Child Abuse chapter 1 & 2
    Children. ASPCA in 1866 & SPCC in 1881/3. NOT CLEAR FROM BOOK> taken from internet. Mary Ellen was adopted by Etta’s family and eventually had her own family. As result of this case and the attention it got, the society for children crulty was sounded in NY. Juvenile Court – By 1899 fir t juvenile...
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  • Should Children Be Tried as Adults
    the first juvenile court with the passing of the Juvenile Court Act of 1899. The Act used the British Doctrine of “parens patriae” as the rationale of the state’s right to intervene in the lives of children. The doctrine was interpreted to mean that, because children were not of a legal capacity...
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  • Cj 474
    age 7 – no criminal intent, or responsibility Over age 12 –criminal intent, therefore responsibility Age 7-12 Maybe, maybe not Mens Rea: “Guilty Mind” Parens Patriae -Philosophic basis for juvenile courts in America at the turn of the century -The state was to act on behalf of the parent...
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  • Abnormal Psychology Terms
    treatment reports read by others, is concerned about a therapist works with an autistic child, providing praise and a small spoonful of ice cream whenever the child imitates a specific sound the therapist makes. the therapist is using what type of therapy a two-year old child is evaluated as...
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  • Criminal Justice
    and delinquency prevention (federal department) Status Offense: only a crime if you are a juvenile (curfew, running away from home) Parens Patriae: “parents of the country”; legal concept that allows state to take over guardianship of a juvenile Juvenile Delinquent: underage person...
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  • Prevention
    antithetical to the notion of parens patriae that guided the creation of the juvenile justice system. Earlier research supports the idea that, relative to each other, criminal courts use offense-oriented evaluative criteria and juvenile courts use offender-oriented evaluative criteria to prosecute...
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  • Juvenile Justice
    duties to provide the adequate care for the child. Parens patriae, is a philosophy under which the state takes over the role as a parent. JUVENILE COURTS Juvenile crimes are crimes committed by individuals under the age of eighteen. Juvenile offenders, also known as juvenile delinquents, are the...
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