• A Life in Words
    honest, I hadn’t heard the name before, Ismat Chughtai, though it sounded vaguely familiar. So I gladly picked up her “memoirs”—no, I wouldn’t define the book as an autobiography—more so because it is the work of an Indian woman, trying to create an identity for herself in a time when it not only seemed difficult...
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  • Minto's Ideology
    |Nishan-e-Imtiaz | Saadat Hassan Manto (Punjabi, Urdu: ‏‏سعادت حسن منٹو‎) (May 11, 1912 – January 18, 1955) was a short story writer of the Urdu language. He is best known for his short stories, "Bu" (Odour), "Khol Do" (Open It), "Thanda Gosht" (Cold...
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  • Parsi Theatre
      Parsi Theater, Urdu Drama, and the Communalization of Knowledge: A Bibliographic Essay I its remarkable century-long history traversing the colonial and nationalist eras, the Parsi theater was unique as a site of communal harmony. The Parsi theater began in Bombay in the early s...
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  • Saadat-Hasan-Manto--Writer-of-Stark-Realities.Pdf
    Manto- Writer of Stark Realities (Courtesy Iftikhar Chaudri) Saadat Hassan Manto (May 11, 1912 ? January 18, 1955) was a Pakistani Urdu short story writer, most known for his Urdu short stories , 'Bu' (Odour), 'Khol Do' (Open It), 'Thanda Gosht' (Cold Meat), and his magnum opus, Toba Tek Singh'. Unfortunately...
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  • Essay
    Language | Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu) | Nationality | British Indian | Notable work(s) | Godaan, Bazaar-e-Husn, Karmabhoomi, Shatranj ke khiladi | Spouse(s) | Shivarani Devi | Children | Sripath Rai, Amrit Rai, Kamala Devi | | Signature | | Munshi Premchand (Urdu: منشی پریم چند‎, Hindi: मुंशी...
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  • notes
    English Literature)  Discipline  English  Cr. Hrs  Semester  3  I  Aims: One of the objectives of this course is to inform the readers about the influence of historical and socio-cultural events upon the production of literature. Although the scope of the course is quite expansive, the...
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  • Communilisation and Disintegration of Urdu in Anita Desai Incustody by Amina Yaqin
      The Communalization and Disintegration of Urdu in Anita Desai’s In Custody 1 Introduction T  of Urdu in India is an extremely layered one which needs to be examined historically, politically and ideologically in order to grasp the various forces which have shaped its current...
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  • My Favourite Sport
    Schedule, SCC Maharashtra Board Exam Time Table March 2013. SSC Time Table 2013:- Date: 2 March 2013 (Saturday) Paper: First Language (Marathi/Hindi/Urdu/Gujarati/Kannada/Tamil/Telgu/Malayalam/Sindhi/ Bengali/Punjabi) Time: 11.00 am to 2.00 pm Date: 5 March 2013 (Tuesday) Paper: Second Language (Hindi...
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  • Anita Desai
    according to particular social and historical contexts. This chance to uncover the playfulness of language brings to the fore the notion of ‘oppositional reading’ which gives room for multiplicities of meaning that audiences can choose to attach to a text while “searching for what is ‘hidden’ beneath the ‘obvious’”...
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  • Essay
    Chapter 7 Print Culture and the Modern World  The First Printed Books  The earliest print technology was developed in China, Japan and Korea. From AD 594 onwards, books in China were printed by rubbing paper.  China remained the major producer of printed material by printing vast numbers of textbooks...
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  • Omar Faheem
    Movement, Aligarh Muslim University, Two Nation Theory | Influenced[show] | Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, KCSI[1] (Urdu: سر سید احمد خان‎‎; 17 October 1817 – 27 March 1898), born Syed Ahmad Taqvi (Urdu: سید احمد تقوی‎),[2] commonly known as Sir Syed, was an Indian Muslim philosopher and social activist of nineteenth...
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  • Challanges and Issues in Teaching and Learning English
    Pakistan is based on the system of grammatical patterns and there is a trend of formal and bookish language, students just produce sentence and focus on reading and writing (Nunan, 1988, p 27) . It has been witnessed that, in recent times government has taken several measures to improve the quality of English...
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  • This Is How, I Am Prepared for My Future
    Answer the following question – (any Five) 1- Name the Chief harbor of Kolkata . 2- Where is Lucknow situated ? 3- What do you know about the Rock Garden of Chandigarh ? 4- What are the reasons for air Pollutions ? 5- How many languages are spoken in India ? 6- Which...
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  • Humour and Satire in Urdu Literature
    Humour and Satire in Urdu Literature Tazeen Gul* & Tabassum Javed** Abstract Humour & Satire are an integral part of all forms of literature; & when the tragic part of a drama/story becomes unbearable, humour/satire provide a much needed diversion & relief. This article examines the effect of humour...
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  • Linguistics in Pakistan
    and applied linguistics in several departments of English and other languages than before. The language academies---National Language Authority for Urdu; Sindhi Language Authority; Pashto Academy; Balochi Academy; Brahvi Academy; Punjabi Adabi Board---focus on that aspect of language planning (LP)...
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  • B.Ed Syallabus
    100 100 100 Time 3 hrs. 3 hrs. 3 hrs. 3 hrs. Methodology of Teaching any two school subjects from the following groups Teaching of English/Hindi/Urdu/Punjabi Teaching of Social Studies Teaching of General Science Teaching of Mathematics Teaching of Commerce Teaching of Music Teaching of Home Science...
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  • Indian Literature
    languages, including Sanskrit, Prākrit, Pāli, Bengali, Bihārī, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Oriya, Punjabi, Rajāsthānī, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, and Sindhi. A brief treatment of Indian literature follows. For full treatment, see South Asian Arts: Literature. The earliest Indian literature...
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  • if i am a bird
    CAMBRIDGE GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION (O/AS & A) CAMBRIDGE GPR LEVEL 3 CERTIFICATE FINAL EDITION DATED SEPTEMBER 2012 INSTRUCTIONS 1 About this timetable 4 1.2 This timetable contains: 4.1 If a candidate is entered for two papers which are timetabled for the same examination...
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  • English Essay
    language. Typically, they look puzzled about why I would even bother to ask such an obvious question. They say firmly, Of course. Then they start talking about the Internet. We're just having a conversation, so I refrain from launching into everything I'm about to tell you. It's not that I believe they're...
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  • How to Become an Ias Officer
    In this article we will talk about the process involved in becoming an IAS or (Indian Administrative Services) officer!  Please Note: Becoming an: * IAS (Indian Administrative Services) officer * IPS (Indian Police Services) officer etc… Is all done though the same “UPSC held Civil Services”...
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