• article
    Causes of Military Intervention in Pakistan: A Revisionist Discourse Muhammad Hassan This paper highlights the causes of military intervention in Pakistan and its effects on the polity of the country. The militarybureaucracy oligarchy occupied a dominant position and has been in effective command...
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  • Leadership Quality- Bongobondhu Shekh Mujibor Rahman
    During this period, Mujib worked actively for the separation of the Muslim state of Pakistan and in 1946 he was elected general secretary of the Islamia College Students Union. After obtaining his degree in 1947, Mujib was one of the Muslim politicians working under Suhrawardy during the communal violence...
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  • Two Mediums
    The establishment of two mediums of instruction i.e. English medium and Urdu medium, in Rehman’s view are instrumental in restricting language and power to rich and privileged class and hence the less privileged go to government schools and “are locked out of the power apparatus” 16 Linguists have tried...
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  • Code Switching
    All languages spoken in Pakistan including Urdu are regarded ‘cognate’ languages for the purpose of comparison with English. An average educated Pakistani speaks three languages, a regional language, the national language Urdu and English. The regional languages and Urdu act like two dialects of a...
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  • Waseem
    PAKISTAN STUDIES (PAK301) Pakistan Studies (Pak301) VU © Copyright Virtual University of Pakistan 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS: LECTURE 1 ...................................................................................................................................................4 IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN...
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  • Pakistan Affairs Mcqs Book
    PAKISTAN AFFAIRS MCQS BOOK URL: Forum: Facebook: Email: Note: www.css.theazkp.com www.cssforum.theazkp.com www.facebook.com/thecsspoint support@css.theazlp.com All Information is taken from different sources. The CSS Point is not responsible of any fact mentioned in the book. Table of...
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  • The Theme of Necter in the Seive
    Fowles, Mark Helprin or Emma Tennant. Salman Rushdie was condemned to death by the former Iranian spiritual leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini on February 14, 1989, after publishing Satanic Verses. Naguib Mahfouz, the winner of the 1988 Nobel Prize in Literature, criticized Khomeini for "intellectual terrorism"...
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  • Essay
    Pakistan Affairs 2011 PART-I MCQ’S Q.1 Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the answer sheet. (i) Who recalled Muhammad Bin Qasim from Sindh? (a) Caliph Walid (b) Caliph Sulaiman (c) Caliph Abdul Aziz (d) None of these (ii) What was thereal name Shah Waliullah...
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  • Pakistan Notes
    School at Muradabad - 1859; Victoria School at Gazipur in 1863; Scientific Society for the translation of English works in the native language, Urdu, at Aligarh in 1864; Aligarh Institute Gazette imparting information on history - ancient and modern, science of agriculture, natural sciences, physical...
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  • To Boldly Go
    degree of philosophy of ethics in 1907; he obtained the degree of doctorate (Ph.D.) from Munich University. Services of Iqbal in Pakistan Movement Iqbal and Pakistan Movement Although his main interests were scholarly, Iqbal was not unconcerned with the political situation of the country and the...
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  • The Free Radio Salman Rushdie
    British tabloids, acting in cameo roles in films, dating reality television stars—as much as he is an acclaimed author. Much has been said and written about Salman Rushdie over the years, but ultimately, his books speak for themselves. Rushdie‘s work teems with the overflowing life of India, packed to the...
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  • Notes
    Keeping in view this background, when we analyse the history of Pakistan, we find that it did not come into being as a result of the people’s struggle but through negotiations. Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah said many times that Pakistan was created by him and his typewriter or his steno. Later on, the...
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  • Essay
    Progressive Pakistan Jehan Zeb Khan Abdul Rashid Khan Abstract Today when Pakistan is in the grip of ethnicity, regionalism, theocratic forces, fundamentalism and corruption, etc., it is more important to recall the vision of the founder of the nation. Did he dream of a progressive and modern Pakistan, or...
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  • Ethno-Religious Disintegration in the
    The peace and security in SA have been considered to be the function of the strategic relationship between the region’s two arch-rivals - India and Pakistan. Of every five people in the world, one is a South Asian. The total population is more than 1320 million[1] spreading over the vast sub continental...
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  • Bnbj
    is a set of symbols used to assign and communicate meaning. It enables us to name or label the things in our world so we can think and communicate about them. Norms. Norms are humanly created rules for behavior. Norms are considered as rules and expectations eventually set by a particular society that...
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  • Journalism
    Between radicalisation and democratisation in an unfolding conflict: REPORT Media in Pakistan International Media Support July 2009 Contents Contents Map..........................................................................................................5 Executive...
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  • India and Pakistan Independence
    India received independence from Britain on August 15, 1947. The struggle for India’s independence was replete with outstanding contributions from various luminary nationalist leaders. The contributions of leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Gopal Krishan Gokhale, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Netaji Subhash Chandra...
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  • Linguistics in Pakistan
    1 LINGUISTICS IN PAKISTAN INTRODUCTION When I published my previous survey of the state of linguistics in Pakistan I began it by saying that ‘Pakistan does not have a university department or institute of higher education and research in linguistics’ (Rahman 1998: 184). Now, after five years, the ...
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  • Kashmir Conflict - India & Pakistan
    based on an instrument of accession signed in 1947Pakistan claims all areas of the erstwhile state except for those claimed by China. China claims the Shaksam Valley and Aksai Chin. The Kashmir conflict is a territorial dispute between India and Pakistan over the Kashmir region, the northwestern most...
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  • History
    GCE ‘O’ LEVEL Pakistan Studies (2059) Paper 1 The History and Culture of Pakistan Topical Question Bank N2001-N2011 with Examiner Comments and Marking Key Compiled by: Muhammad Umar Contents 1 Cultural and historical background to the Pakistan Movement Religious Thinkers . . . . . . ...
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