• Dioxygen Activation at Mononuclear Nonheme Iron centers
    are in a category of enzymes involved in the breakdown of aromatic molecules in order to linearize carbon molecules so that they can be utilized for cell development. Although they both cleave catechol, a dihydroxybenzene with adjacent hydroxyl groups, the intradiol-cleaving enzyme cleaves the catechol’s...
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  • Photosynthesis
    Abstract: The following paper will discuss the processes of photosynthesis and respiration. It will also explain the role of fermentation and how an enzyme catalyzes a reaction. All cells require energy to live. Most forms of life get their energy from sunlight. The only organisms that can trap this...
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  • Biology Notes
    photosynthesis in a chemical equation and correlating the steps of the process with the structure of the plant taking into consideration the source of all the reactants and the fate of all the products. c. explaining cellular respiration in three major steps, its significance, and its adaptations to produce...
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  • Practice Exam Biochemistry
    to as a PEPTIDE bond. When NOT in amino acids, these bonds are referred to as AMIDE bonds. Give three examples of non-covalent bonds * HYDROGEN BOND * IONIC BOND * HYDROPHOBIC INTERACTIONS Fill in the blanks relating to protein synthesis DNA TRANSCRIPTION mRNA TRANSLATION protein ...
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  • Basic Concepts in Biochemistry a Students Survival Guide 2d Ed - Hiram F. Gilbert
    parts of biochemistry they found most difficult to understand. The winner (or loser), by far, was integration of metabolism. Metabolic control, pH, and enzyme kinetics ran closely behind, with notable mention given to molecular biology and proteins. Biochemistry texts and biochemistry professors are burdened...
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  • Ch. 04 Study Guide
    following word parts. an-without mut-change ana-up -zym causing to ferment cata-down de-undoing sub-under -strat spread out 2. Define Enzyme- Protein that catalyzes a specific biochemical reaction Metabolism-The combined chemical reactions in cells that use or release energy Anabolism-Synthesis...
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  • Bio 1
    large molecules formed by covalent linkages of smaller molecules -proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids -except for lipids, other three kinds of macromolecules are polymers – created by covalent linkages of monomers * Polymers are formed and broken apart in rxns involving H2O: ...
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  • ethanol
    property of life that arises from interactions between molecules within the orderly environment of the cell. The chemistry of life is organized into metabolic pathways. • A metabolic pathway begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a series of defined steps to form a specific product...
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  • Biology 115 Study Guide
    Membrane Proteins and Their Functions   peripheral    Integral proteins   Classification based on function (transport, enzymatic activity, cell‐cell  interactions, etc.)   How do proteins get to cell surface?   The role of ribosomes, ER, Golgi   Semipermeability   Which molecules pass through membrane easily (polar vs...
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  • Biology
    Cells use enzymes as biological catalysts to increase or accelerate the rate of reactions, such as those in photosynthesis or glycolysis. This allows reactions to occur under conditions that sustain life. •Explain how an enzyme catalyzes a reaction. Include in your essay the three main steps of the cycle...
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  • Essays
    electron transport chain in the mitochondrion is the site of oxidative phosphorylation in eukaryotes. The NADH and succinate generated in the citric acid cycle is oxidized, releasing energy to power the ATP synthase. Oxidative phosphorylation is a metabolic pathway that uses energy released by the oxidation...
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  • biology
     but not very feasible biologically 6 BIOL 1710 Demarest Enzymes speed reactions • Enzymes:  proteins (or RNA) that act as catalysts:   speed an already spontaneous reaction without  being used up in the process • Enzymes speed reactions by stabilizing the transition  state – The crucial stage as the molecules rearrange on the way  ...
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  • Biochemistry
    I. Protein Regulation: Chapter 10 -Ways enzymes can be regulated Enzymes must often be regulated so they function at the proper time and place. This regulation is essential for coordination of the vast array of biochemical processes taking place at an instant in an organism. 1) Covalent Modifications:...
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  • Commrads Play
    important to life? They are weak in a cellular environment so they can be made, broken, and reformed easily. True or false: an ionic interaction, such as the interaction between Na + and Cl -, is considered a covalent bond. false Imagine walking through a tropical rainforest. You notice that there are...
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  • biochem lecture notes
    charged, there is no ion-pair. We can calculate whether the functional groups are charged. The pH is the controlling factor. For Hb (and for many enzymes) the pH acts as a switch to turn the protein on/off between active/inactive forms! This is our first example, and the most simple one, of how a protein...
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  • Biol 200 Exam 1 Study Guide
    integration of several different concepts 1. Explain what are the end goals of reproductive cloning and therapeutic cloning. Outline the steps both procedures share and the step(s) specific for each procedure. • Reproductive Cloning- Reproductive cloning is a type of cloning which is performed for the purpose...
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  • Description of Photosynthesis and Respiration
    transport chain. The electron is passed to NADP, reducing it to NADPH. The energy released by reducing the potential energy of the electron is used by enzymes to pump hydrogen atoms inside the membrane. This creates a proton gradient. The proton gradient is caused by a higher concentration of protons inside...
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  • lab3
     Unit 2: Cell Biolo SCIE206-1401B-08 Photosynthesis and cellular respiration make one large cycle that sustains life on earth. Through photosynthesis the suns energy is constantly being transformed into glucose, which is a chemical energy. Respiration is the chemical activity...
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  • A Level Notes
    Biological Molecules Cells Human Physiology Disease Appendices Chemical bonds Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Biochemical Tests Enzymes Eukaryotic Cells Prokaryotic Cells Cell Fractionation Microscopy The Cell Membrane Movement across Cell Membranes Exchange The Gas Exchange...
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  • Biology
    made use of the tough physical prop- erties of cellulose by using it in wood for lumber and paper, and in cotton and linen for clothing. Digestive enzymes in humans are able to break the glycosidic linkages in starch, but humans are unable to digest the linkages between the ������-glucose subunits in...
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