• Punishment as a Form of Behaviour Modification
    Introduction Punishment is a process through which "the consequence of a response decreases the likelihood that the response will recur" (Gray, 2002, pp.115). Further, punishment can be seen as an effort to decrease the response rate to stimuli by either removing a desired stimulus or presenting one...
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  • Please Disregard This
    Problems of Corporal Punishment The saying ‘Action speaks louder than words’, while being a common saying, is partially true. Physical discipline may seem to be more effective than verbal discipline with children, but there are some serious problems in corporal punishment and should be put to an end. There...
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  • sentencing paper cja/234
    Punishment may sound like painful word, but in fact it is nothing more but a consequence given to a criminal offender. The state and federal correction system have similar objectives for criminal offenders as a form of punishment. Due to request for harsher punishment, sentencing affects...
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  • The Death Penalty
    comparing one to another will not assist in determining the worth of capital punishment as a tool to deter homicide. There are other crimes of course such as violent and multiple rapes which may be considered worthy of capital punishment, but it is unlikely that it would ever be implemented in a humanitarian...
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  • Basic Psycology
    headache ← Your action (taking a pill) removes an unpleasant event (headache) ← Negative reinforcement is not the same as punishment (example p. 158) ← Operant conditioning can also take place if reinforcement is not continuous ← This is called partial reinforcement...
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  • Cjs/230 Sentencing Ojectives
    incarceration should result in a different Punishment. Either they have spent time in jail or no one around these people, that has not had any kind of trouble with criminals, or do not care if their families get hurt because we listened to one person, do you think that this is how we should conduct punishment...
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  • A Permanent Death - Capital Punishment
    uses when imposing "punishment" that I've been able to conclude from my readings. I will discuss these societal concepts and show that the death penalty does not serve to further them. As a result William Smith should not be subject to the death penalty and in fact the same should be abolished from our...
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  • Classicism Versus Positivism
    works that both law and administration of justice should be based on rationality and human rights. Cesare Beccaria’s concept of punishment is that “punishment should fit the crime. Criminals are seen to owe a ‘debt’ to society and punishment should be fixed strictly in proportion to the seriousness of the...
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  • Criminal Justice Outline
    and cons c. Mandatory- pros and cons d. Specific or general deterrence Determinate sentencing a. Time- Each punishment is set person to person regardless b. Punishment- does not discriminate c. Community- deter people from committing it again Indeterminate Sentencing a. Courts...
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  • Punishment in America
    CRJ 131S 9-20-13 Punishment in America The corrections system in the United States is known for having the highest incarceration rate than any other country and some people believe our punishments are either too harsh or too lenient. In my opinion I believe it depends on the type of crime correlating...
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  • Death penalty
    Professor Cooke  Report Draft#2    Should the death penalty be treated as a punishment to violent criminals? “Punishments are  imposed on persons, not on…economic groups. Guilt is personal. The only relevant question is: does  the person to be executed deserve the punishment? Whether or not others deserved the same  ...
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  • Theories of Motivation
    are dying of starvation, or being threatened with your life. There are some basic things that take precedence over all else.  Or at least logically should, if people were rational. But is that a safe assumption? According to the theory, if you are hungry and have inadequate shelter, you won't go to church...
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  • Classical and Operant Conditioning
    stops working with the dogs for several weeks because he is working on other research, then suddenly goes back to the dogs and rings the bell, the dogs should in theory then salivate due to a process called spontaneous recovery. This is the reappearance of a weakened conditioned response (CR) to a conditioned...
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  • sdadadad
    Terms Appetitive vs. Aversive Positive vs. Negative Reinforcement vs. Punishment Contingency Diagram Positive Reinforcement – reward training Positive Punishmentpunishment training Negative Punishment – omission training Negative Reinforcement – escape/avoidance training ...
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  • criminal law
    constitution). Rule law: the idea that government power should be defined and limited by laws. Ex post facto law: a retroactive law that does one of three things: criminalizes an act that wasn’t a crime when it was committed, increase the punishment for a crime after the crime was committed, or takes...
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  • Law Classical Theory
    determine its impact on the current criminal justice system. Pre-enlightened Europe was in dire need of reform to its criminal justice system. Punishments had not been reviewed since Roman times and barbaric and unjust sentencing methods were rife. “The power of the sovereign-the divine rights of kings-church...
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  • Pocket Should Be Given to the Teenagers or Not
    Yes, they definitely should. Nowadays teenagers are moving to independence and it will help them if they have some practice in managing money. Giving pocket money teaches teenagers to manage money while they are still young and parents can still guide them. Also, it help teenagers to make choices and...
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  • Capital Punishment Should Not Be Abolished
    Capital Punishment Should Not Be Abolished. Capital punishment is one of the most controversial topics for debate. I believe in capital punishment/death penalty and here is why. In the US we make valid arguments that center around the justifications of fairness, retribution, deterrence, economy,...
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  • A Modest Proposal Prompt
    short-term punishment, and then get out and go do it again. The way we keep these people from doing the same crime again is to eliminate the things that cause them to do it. This way, they will not have any temptation to do it again and will always be reminded of their crime and punishment. I have thought...
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  • Methods of Studying Human Behavior
    removing something negative to increase a desired response. Negative reinforcement can be confusing at first and mixed up with negative punishment. Negative punishment involves taking something desired away to reduce the behavior from repeating. (Stangor, 2010) For example, if you spank a child for...
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