• Free-Response Questions from Past Ap Exams
    Court cases. For the case you select, explain the significance of the decision in U.S. politics. • Mapp v. Ohio (1961) • Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) • Miranda v. Arizona (1966) 3. Explain how each of the political factors listed below makes it difficult for the federal government to enact public...
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  • House of Represenitives
    cooperation’s and individuals. Obstacles like soft money and the Supreme Court case Buckley v. Valeo have made it difficult for Congress to enact significant campaign finance reform. Soft money has especially made it hard for campaign reform to be effective. Soft money is the name for money given to...
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  • Caso India Escuela de Negocios.
    easily than other developing nations. 87 India did not have a significant concentration of exports in any Purchased by Amara Cano (amaraj.cano@live.com.mx) on August 29, 2012 India: A New Mandate for Reform IB-58 p. 14 one category, except in the area of...
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  • progressive era
    spirit was impulse toward social justice o Promotion of charities and campaigns against child labor and alcohol o Settlement house movement led to social workers and reformers o Social evils needed government intervention  Labor legislation was the most significant reform to emerge o National...
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  • Agrarian Reform Essay 2
    . The Congress for People’s Agrarian Reform (CPAR), the broadest peasant coalition formed to call for the passage of a genuine land reform law, dispersed in 1992. Its former members have also reorganized themselves based on differing political directions or approaches. The issue of agrarian reform...
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  • Carbon Market
    , and establishing a strategic reserve and carbon trigger prices. These design choices will compromise the environmental and financial integrity of the system and make governance inherently more difficult. Fortunately, since the system is being created via legislative fiat, Congress does not have to...
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  • Agrarian Reform - Paper 2
    AND CONCEPTUAL CONSIDERATIONS Among agrarian studies scholars, there is an emerging consensus that land reform is more difficult to implement in the context of a neoliberal setting (see, for example, Dorner, 1999). This consensus builds on a persistent policy dilemma: significant structural and...
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  • Kenya
    . However, it is difficult to see how a scheme of the sort alleged by Marua could have been undertaken without the knowledge, if not the direct participation, of top officials at the Agriculture Ministry (and perhaps elsewhere in the government) and Ruto has made clear that he has no intention of...
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  • Issues
    , which recommended the establishment of an independent public defense commission as set forth above. The Committee recommended the Association’s endorsement of the Commission’s report as well as advocacy for legislation to enact the reforms recommended by the Commission. The Committee’s...
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  • Corruption
    of bank supervision. > Introduce electoral campaign finance reforms. > Implement corruption-prevention programs for the most corruption-prone government agencies. > Create a strong management structure with a full-time manager of cabinet rank, preferably under the President or Vice President's...
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  • Review of Decision-Making
    districts within their jurisdiction. The mayor and people’s congress of the cities have the right to enact laws and local decrees. This expands the urban scale of the prefecture-level cities and, with little or no regulation, cities are allowed to erode the sovereignty (both physical and administrative) of...
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  • Remitances
    Congress to enact the FRL. The federal government negotiated agreements with 25 states in 1997 and 1998. These agreements were sanctioned by Law 9496 of September 1997 to reschedule the states’ debt conditioned on states undertaking fiscal reforms and compliance with fiscal targets. The FRL in 2000...
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  • Relationship Between Brazil and Eu
    narrow the gap between rich and poor. But with a weakened presence in congress, his left-wing Workers' Party have to rely on political alliances to pursue planned tax, social security and political reforms. With regard to EU/Brazil relations, talks on the EU/Mercosur association agreement are still...
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  • Geology
    ) A failed attempt has been made to develop a compromise bill with the White House C) The party controlling Congress is not the president’s party D) The president has also expressed the possibility that he might not veto the bill E) Congressional leaders believe they have...
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  • Congressional Justice
    disclose documents, at least in some form. The disclosure during the campaign finance investigations of the Freeh and La Bella memos to Senate and House committees after bitter and assertive Executive withholdings, is agreed to have been a significant event in the history of such confrontations that put...
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  • Managemeny Overrides
    declined, indicating a strengthening of internal control. Federal Experience Congress and the Executive Branch have been attempting to obtain estimates of the costs and the benefits of section 404 compliance. In February 2005, the U.S. House of Representatives Government Reform Committee...
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  • Budget
    financial system since automobile financing is a significant portion of overall financial activity. Moreover, if these companies had gone out of business, the economy would have been forced deeper into recession and might have fallen into a depression. The President made a difficult decision to provide...
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  • Philippine Report: Election
    some fraud, particularly vote buying and selling, was committed in the 2004 elections and may have influenced some lower level races. To guard against this in the future, electoral reform should be high on the political agenda of the newly elected president and Congress. Key Recommendations What...
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  • Law/421
    an obstacle to the accomplishment and execution of the full purposes and objectives of Congress.” Hines v. Davidowitz, 312 U. S. 52. Pp. 7–8. 3. Sections 3, 5(C), and 6 of S. B. 1070 are preempted by federal law. Pp. 8–19. (a) Section 3 intrudes on the field of alien registration, a field in...
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  • Political Scientist
    proper because it was not the “only . . . way” Congress could have made the guaranteed-issue and community-rating reforms work. Post, at 9–10. Congress could also have avoided an insurance-market death spiral, the dissenters main­ tain, by imposing a surcharge on those who did not previously purchase...
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