• Samu Ni
    Hsun Lzu believed human nature is bad. Confucius said, "Rén is not far off; he who seeks it has already found it." Rén is close to man and never leaves him. The Principles of Li, Rén, and Yi The principle of Rén is tied directly to the concepts of li and yi. Li is often translated as "ritual...
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  • Mencius vs. Confucius
    generally been considered orthodox by modern Chinese philosophers, especially by the Neo-confucians. While Confucius himself did not focus only on the subject of human nature, Mencius came up with the differing opinion of the inner goodness of the individual, believing that it was society's lack of...
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  • Confucianism & Filial Virtue
    of the world. “The Confucian Project is learning to be human; it is not accepting fate. It is the recognition of primordial ties and the recognition that these ties can be transforming.” -Tu Wei-Ming Confucius (孔夫子 Kǒng Fūzǐ, or K'ung-fu-tzu “Master Kong”) was a Chinese great thinker, teacher...
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  • Ap World Confucianism
    represented by Mencius, the other by Xunzi (Hsün-tzu). o Mencius continued the ethical teachings of Confucius by stressing the innate goodness of human nature. He believed, however, that original human goodness can become depraved through one's own destructive effort or through contact with an evil...
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  • Confucianism
    ancient ritual to a minister’s sons. He later went on to study the traditions of the Chou Empire, and at the age of thirty-four voluntarily fled his home to Lu’s neighboring states. It was in these new locations that Confucius “heard music, learned how to play, and became so absorbed that he forgot to eat...
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  • Confucious and Analect
    replied, “There was Yan Hui who loved learning. Unfortunately, his lifespan was short and he died. Now there are none.” 11.2 Confucius and his followers exhausted their resources and fell into poverty while journeying in these two states. 11.3 A famous assessment of ten disciples. Note that...
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  • Research
    virtue that one demonstrates rather than from one's birth. In the Analects, Confucius explains de: "He who exercises government by means of his virtue may be compared to the north polar star, which keeps its place and all the stars turn towards it." (2/1, tr. James Legge)[1] Chinese Martial...
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  • Confusious and the Perfect Gentlemen
    of humanity. Not only does filial piety secure virtuous conduct in the individual, it was also seen as vital in securing virtue in the nation as a whole: Analects (I:2 ) “Master Yu said, Those who in private life behave well towards their parents and elder brothers, in public life seldom show a...
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  • Spartans vs Greece
    (士), a class whose status lay between that of the old nobility and the common people, comprised of men who sought social position on the basis of talents and skills, rather than heredity. As a child, Confucius was said to have enjoyed putting ritual vases on the sacrifice table.[10] He...
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  • Chinese Ethics by David Wong Published in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
    the sage-kings of ancient times were virtuous and ruled over a harmonious and prosperous society. It is disputed, however, that their virtue was the primary cause of this golden age. What about those kings in more recent times who were ren and yi, benevolent and righteous, and who got wiped out for...
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  • Confucianism
    followers. Book of Mencius is the last of the four books that contains the teaching from one of Confucius followers. (Kelley , 2003) Jen is the highest keynote in Confucian ethics. Jen is translated as love, goodness, humanity and human-heartedness. Jen represent a supreme virtue when human qualities...
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  • Confucius and Management
    formations. Along with an animistic world view, there was a belief in ancestor worship. The spirits of the dead needed to be honored and cared for by the living family members. However, in his teachings, Confucius avoided spiritual issues. He can be categorized as an agnostic who believed in spirits and...
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  • Philosophy
    social virtues is learning involved with practice. Confucius had this style because he guided his students rather than telling them what to do and emphasized the role of thinking in learning. Yi, also known as appropriateness or righteousness, is a property of actions associated with a virtuous...
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  • Confucianism
    addition to that is the quote “If they are led by virtue, and uniformity sought among them through the practice of ritual propriety, they will possess a sense of shame and come to you of their own accord.” (Lunyu 2.3) Confucius claimed that, “He who governs by means of his virtue is, to use an analogy...
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  • Confucuianism
    details of his life are unclear, his knowledge and wisdom were preserved by his followers. Confucius emphasized that a sound education was needed and he aspired to change and renew China’s society and beliefs. Also, Confucius stressed a positive outlook towards one’s self but furthermore, between...
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  • Concepts of Confucianism and Daoism
    central feature of the human nature. Confucius understood that the way of humanity is highly personal, lies within each human being, and must be realized in one’s personal life and one’s personal relationships. Confucius once answered his student who asked the definition of ren that it meant the...
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  • Romantics
    considered essential to religious thought, such as the nature of the soul. Confucius' principles gained wide acceptance primarily because of their basis in common Chinese tradition and belief. He championed strong familial loyalty, ancestor worship, respect of elders by their children (and, according...
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  • The Ideal Person According to Confucius
    one of good moral character. Confucius believed that this was the foundation for his other beliefs. He also believed that the ideal person was also to have the profound respect for worship and sincerely respected his father and his rulers. Being a servant first teaches an individual how to obey and...
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  • Confucianism
    in china during the Han Dynasty (206BC-AD220)” (Collins 161). He studied the countries literature and history in depth. He believed that only just and righteous rulers could protect the State and bring virtue to the people of the country. Confucius died in 479 B.C.E. His goal was to improve...
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  • Chinese Analytical
    the Confucian tradition were his beliefs in goodness of human nature and his focus on the virtue of yi. He took pride on the moral duty of rulers to govern by humanity and the good of the people. But, Hsun Tzu had his own beliefs, he disagreed very much with Mencius. Hsun Tzu thought that human...
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