communication among organization members. It encompasses both formal and informal aspects of relationships between members (Ambrose & Schminke, 2003). This section will discuss the aspects of the matrix, mechanistic, and organic organizational designs.
Mechanistic Organizational Structure...
The success or failure of an organisation can often be attributed to the sum of their parts such as staff, profit, products, strategy, technology, environment, structure and culture. These parts or factors can directly contribute to the strengths or weaknesses of an organisation and they are all...
department 2. Tasks are adjusted and redefined 3. There is less hierarchy of authority and control, and there are few rules. 4. Knowledge and control of tasks are located anywhere in the organization. 5. Communication is horizontal. |
Strengths and Weaknesses of Structures
organization has a number of complex and interdependent activities.
Ex: Advertising agencies, aerospace firms, research and developing laboratories, construction companies, hospitals, Gov’t agencies.
6.) Why do organizational structures differ, and what is the difference between a mechanistic...
, networks and self organizing skills.
The strengths and weaknesses of each of the structures implemented by Ghosh
Structure/Change Strength Weakness
Beginning of 1989 Nonhierarchical, team oriented.
Information flows freely and continuously. Unfamiliar and no clear...
kinds of tasks in more places, whether these places are departments or geographic territories.
IV. Summarizing Structure - Organic versus MechanisticMechanisticstructures are organizational structures characterized by tallness, narrow spans, specialization, high centralization, and high...
strategy of the organisation
Achievement of strategic goals is facilitated by changes
in organisational structure that accommodate and
organisational structure follows strategy.
Size of the organisation
Firms change from organic to mechanistic organisations as
they grow in...
strategic goals is facilitated by changes in organisational structure that accommodate and support change.
Size of the organisation
Firms change from organic to mechanistic organisations as they grow in size.
Size and structure
As an organisation grows larger, its structure tends to change from...
• Knowledge Transfer
8.3 TYPES OF STRUCTURES
There are basically two types of structures – Mechanistic and Organic see Table 5 below. The NGC have been functioning under the mechanisticstructure, however, with the restructuring, they decided to adopt the organicstructure.
organization structure. Mechanistic—generally synonymous with the bureaucracy in that it has extensive departmentalization, high formalization, a limited information network (mostly downward communication), and little participation by low-level members in decision making. Organic—looks like a boundaryless...
, Ameren UE, Microsoft, Starbucks
* Dynamic & Complex Environment-much change and unpredictable, many elements and different elements
* Ex: Smart phones, newspapers, education, aviation
* Look at graphs in notes
3.) Describe mechanisticstructure and organicstructure...
2.4 Mechanistic Organization Structure Vs Organic Organization
For the most part, mechanistic organization is applied to most all business structures but is predominant in manufacturing while organic organization is best applied to...
delves into the nature of the structure itself, including formalization, centralization, and complexity.
Three organizational design models are also presented and discussed: mechanistic, organic, and matrix.
Following this is a discussion of multinational structures, virtual organizations...
is not a single motivator or even a prime motivator.
4. A: Compare and contrast the main features of mechanistic and organicstructure
B: What are the key contingency factors that determine which form is the most appropriate? Provide 2 specific examples.
Organizations using mechanistic...
authority and power.
4. Identify the five different ways by which management can departmentalize.
5. Contrast mechanistic and organic organizations.
6. Summarize the effect on organization structures of strategy, size, technology, and environment.
7. Contrast the divisional and functional structures...
have different interests.
Mechanistic vs. Organic design: Mechanisticstructures often are hierarchal and centralized, whereas Organic has multiple structures.
In the 1800’s the Mechanisticstructures often fit the tasks well (such as when it came to running railroads).
, while mechanisticstructures are more suitable when change is minimal. Characteristics of these mechanistic and organicstructures are set out in Table I. Organic forms are more unstructured and informal; there is more ambiguity, but more ﬂexibility as well. As technological change increases, people...
mechanistic characteristics. 2. The organic organizational system is a highly adaptive and flexible structure. In this system, individuals are more likely to work in a group setting than alone. There is less emphasis on taking orders from a manager or giving orders to employees. Instead members...
Management and Strategy Essay Notes
INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION, CORPORATE STRATEGY AND STRUCTURE
 Top managers perceptions of the market structure and firms strengths and weaknesses determine their choice of corporate strategy and organisational structure
 Both corporate...