• Language Policy in India
    Indian Language Policy Outcome “India has been a crucible for the drama of language conflict” (Laitin, 415). Exploring language policy in India is both a complex and interesting task. Contrary to other empires that went through state consolidation, it is clear that India is quite the linguistic mosaic...
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  • Comparison Between Hindi and Urdu
    ------------------------------------------------- HinDi ------------------------------------------------- vs ------------------------------------------------- Urdu An Artificial Divide? Sudarsh Rathi,201125172 AsIf Hussain,201225086 RUDHIR SIDDHAM,201225195 Sudarsh Rathi,201125172 ...
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  • Linguistics 
    the nature, structure, and variation oflanguage. Ferdinand de Saussure   language problem in india India has not one language problem bit a complex of language problems. According to the linguistic survey of India, there are 179 languages and 544 dialects, and epilogists classify them into four distinct...
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  • Fifty Years of Language Planning for Modern Hindi
    FIFTY YEARS OF LANGUAGE PLANNING FOR MODERN HINDI The Official Language of India 1. ABSTRACT Hindi - according to the 1991 Census of India, is the mother tongue of 233,432,285 persons (22% of the entire Indian population), and is spoken as a language (which includes 47 or so mother tongues cobbled...
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  • Hggfdccvb
    Bollywood is the informal term popularly used for the Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay), Maharashtra, India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema; however, it is only a part of the total Indian film industry, which includes other...
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  • India's Economic Success
    culture and social differences that set countries apart. Each with an economic, social and political outlooks on the future that determine the way people live. These endless arrays, even occur in different parts of a particular of every country including one of the worlds most diverse, India. India is separated...
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  • English as a National Foreign Language
    English as a National Foreign Language India has two national languages for central administrative purposes: Hindi and English. Hindi is the national, official, and main link language of India. English is an associate official language. The Indian Constitution also officially approves twenty-two regional...
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  • Role of English in India
    English in India and the role of the elite in the national project the elite in the national project1 Annie MO NTAUT, INALCO (SeDyL), Paris Published in Problematizing Language Studies, Cultural, Theoretical and Applied Perspectives, Essays in Honor of Rama Kant Agnihotri Akar Books, Delhi, 2010...
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  • pakistan studies
    INTRODUCTION: The term Bollywood is the informal term popularly used for the Hindi-language film industry Bollywood is the nickname given to the Indian film industry -. The B comes from Bombay (also known as Mumbai), a big city in India. Bollywood is massive. It makes up to 1000 films a year - twice as many...
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  • Munshi Premchand
    Munshi Premchand (1880-1936) Premchand was the pen name adopted by the Hindi writer Dhanpatrai who was born on 31 July 1880 at Lamati near Varanasi. His early education was in a madarasa under a Maulavi, where he learnt Urdu. When he was studying in the ninth class he was married, much against his wishes...
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  • Bollywood
    Age" of Hindi cinema.[13][14][15] Some of the most critically-acclaimed Hindi films of all time were produced during this period. Examples include the Guru Dutt films Pyaasa (1957) and Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959) and the Raj Kapoor films Awaara (1951) and Shree 420 (1955). These films expressed social themes...
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  • Obstacles to National Unity
    The obstacles to national unity Racial Inequality, Social Inequality, Religious inequality... etc (1) Regionalism/Separatism (ii) Linguism (iii) Casteism and (iv) communalism. (i) Regionalism/Separatism: Regionalism or Separatism is the most advance obstacle in the way of National Unity and development...
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  • Nothing
    clerk takes small bribes from the people who visit the office so that their work is finished early than the others who are waiting in a queue. In India, bribes are also accepted in a few temples where devotees offering bribes are given priority over others to visit the temple. Parents offer bribes...
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  • indian film industry
    acquire investment capital from outside the film industry itself, have allowed independent film production to evolve. India is the largest producer of films in the world. In 2009 India produced a total of 2,961 films on celluloid, that includes a staggering figure of 1,288 feature films.[5] Indian film...
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  • Hindi as a Language
    The constitution of India (Article 343) recognises Hindi as the official language of India. Hindi is also the main language in many states of India such as Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal/ Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh and Himachal Pradesh. It is spoken by more than 437...
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  • National Integration
    MODULE - 4 Contemporary India: Issues and Goals National Integration and Secularism 24 Notes NATIONAL INTEGRATION AND SECULARISM You must have learnt and recited our national anthem, ‘Jana-gana-mana’. You would have also solemnly recited it with others on several occasions, especially while...
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  • revisiting the golden era of hindi cinema
    Revisiting The Golden Era Of Hindi Cinema Introduction : A country of 1.2 billion people, the ancient civilisation of India is a melting pot of cultures and juxtapositions. It is a land that will assault your senses all around. The vibrant colours, exotic aromas, cacophony of sounds, and the...
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  • bilingual method
    population, it has only ever been a second language. The origins of English in India The British first arrived in India in the early 1600s and soon established trading posts in a number of cities under the control of The East India Company. By 1765 the Company’s influence had grown to such an extent that...
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  • India My Country
    India is one of the most populated countries in the world. In the year 2001 India became the second country in the world after China to cross the one billion mark. About 1,080,264,388 people live today in India. By the middle of the 21st century, India will have passed China in the terms of number of...
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  • Tgyhju
    most widely-studied language in areas where it is not native. In Japan English is widely used in the upper grade level. In India, English is the alternate official language to Hindi. In the Philippines it is the common language or medium of communication of people speaking different languages. More or...
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