Experiment 8: Series and Parallel Circuit Elements Laboratory Report Frenzyl Espinola, Anna Fermin, Loren... Gabayeron, Kristal Fernandez Department of Math and Physics College of Science, University of Santo Tomas España, Manila Philippines Abstract The experiment is about the elements of series and parallel circuits. The laws on series and parallel resistors, as well as the color code for resistors were observed to calculate the total resistance. The proper connection for ammeter and...
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Introduction My research is based on how Ohm’s law is derived and how it is used to solve problems in series and parallel... connection and the resistance of a material. Ohm's Law shows the relationship between the voltage (V), current (I) and resistance (R). It can be written in three ways: V = I × R or I =V/R or R = V/I The resistance (R) of a material depends on Its length, cross-sectional area, The resistivity, and Resistance also depends on temperature, usually...
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3. Series and parallel circuits serve different purposes in households 1. Identify the difference between... series and parallel circuits Series is when the components line up after one another, thus there is only 1 path. In parallel there are multiple paths. Advantages of using parallel circuitry over series circuitry in household wiring include: * You can have some devices on and others off at the same time. * If one device fails the others still work. * All devices receive the...
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Title: Resistors in Series and Parallel Date: 17/7/05 Aim: The aim of this experiment is to compare the predicted and actual... resistance in a circuit of resistor combinations in series and in parallel. Background: A resistor is an electrical component/device that has electrical resistance. Resistors can be used in electric circuits for protection of components, voltage division or current control. In an ideal resistor the resistance remains constant regardless of the applied voltage or current...
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Aim: To design a simple electrical circuit for Doctor's Surgery to let people know when to enter and also to research and learn more about... parallel and series circuits. Introduction I am going to design an electric circuit for a Doctor's surgery. There are two types of circuit's Parallel circuit, and Series circuit. First I am going to explain what a circuit is and what the differences they have are. An electric current is a flow of charge. The charges are given energy and made of flow using...
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Series and Parallel Circuits Name:_____________________________________________ Directions: 1. Go to the... following website: http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/circuit-construction-kit-ac-virtual-lab 2. Click “Run now.” You now have the raw material to create a circuit. Take a moment to look over the site and find all the different materials. To build a circuit you will need several wires, a light bulb, a voltage source, a voltmeter, and a non – contact...
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Investigation on Capacitance and RC circuit Hamdy Hamdy Abdel Moneim Abdou, Jaime Lorenzo C. Olivares, and Karol Giuseppe A. Jubilo National... Institute of Physics, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City Abstract This experiment is designed to further the understanding of the relationship between voltage, charge, and capacitance of capacitors. This also explains how values of effective capacitance for series and parallel combinations of capacitors are obtained...
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RC Circuits •In this presentation, circuits with multiple batteries, resistors and capacitors will be reduced to an equivalent... system with a single battery, a single resistor, and a single capacitor. Kirchoff's laws will be stated, and used to find the currents in a circuit. In addition, the equation for the time-constant of an RC circuit will be derived. Ohm's Law When a battery is connected to a resistor, the battery will cause a current to flow through the resistor. The larger the voltage...
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Lab 4 – Series and Parallel DC Circuits PHY2049L Friday Lab 1:00 8th February, 2013... Introduction The purpose of this lab experiment is to test the predictions for current, voltage and resistance of the relationships of parallel and series circuits. The procedures strive to prove that the theoretical outcomes are consistent with the corresponding measured results. After setting up the closed circuits we want to test our own results into the equations...
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Ohm’s Law is V = I * R or in some cases I = V / R. The next two laws were established by a German physicist by the name of Gustav Kirchhoff. Kirchhoff’s... first law is his voltage law. Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL) states that around any loop in a circuit, the voltage rises must equal the voltage drops. The next law that Kirchhoff introduced was his current law. Kirchhoff’s Current Law (KCL) states that the total current entering a junction must equal the total current leaving the junction. These laws...
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Investigating Basic Circuits (DLB) Introduction What is an electrical circuit? How can you manipulate components and design a... circuit that will do what you want it to? This guided activity will introduce you to some components, tools, and concepts that are fundamental in electronics. It will allow you to investigate and discover: What are voltage, current, and resistance? How are they related to one another? What are some of the basic components that make up simple circuits and what do they do?...
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terminology Series Circuits Parallel Circuits Ohm’s Law and dc Circuits Simple... Electrical Diagrams For single-source parallel networks, the source current (I ) is equal to the sum of the individual branch currents. s Is = I1 + I 2 For a parallel circuit, source current equals the sum of the branch currents. For a series circuit, the applied voltage equals the sum of the voltage drops. V V In this first example, we will calculate the amount of current (I) in a circuit, given...
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(RL) CIRCUIT TOM CARNEY Table of Contents 1. Introduction………………………………………………………………………………….Page 2 2. Theoretical... Analysis………………………………………………………………………Page 3 3. Questions related to constructed circuit……………………………………….Page 5 4. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………….Page 6 5. Works cited……………………………………………………………………………………Page 6 6. Illustrations…………………………………………………………………………………….Page 7-8 Transient Analysis of a Resistor- Inductor (RL) Circuit ...
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Ohm's Law Series-Parallel Circuits Calculation To end up the discussion of... Series-Parallel Circuits, I would like to post this last one remaining topic which is about Ohm's Law of Series-Parallel Circuits for currents and voltages. I did not even mentioned in my previous topics on how to deal with its currents and voltages regarding this type of circuit connection. Ohms Law in Series-Parallel Circuits Ohm's Law in Series-Parallel Circuits - Current The total current of the series-parallel...
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Ohm’s law & resistors in parallel & in series Lab 4 Class: PHY 1434-E475 Due date: March, 13 20144... Group Names: Hisham Sageer Objectives: Our object is to confirm Ohm’s law by analyzing the dependence of the electrical current as a function of voltage and as a function of resistance. Also, we studied the current flow and voltage in series and parallel. Finally, the lab determined the equivalence resistance of series and parallel combination of resistors and...
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Voltage: Ohm's Law and Kirchhoff's Rules ABSTRACT Ohm's Law and Kirchhoff's rules is fundamental for the understanding of dc circuit. This... experiment proves and show how these rules can be applied to so simple dc circuits. INTRODUCTION In the theory of Ohm's Law, voltage is simply proportional to current as illustrated in the proportionality, V=RI. As shown in this relation, V represent voltage which is the potential difference across the two ends of a electrical conductor and between which...
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paper aims to validate the Kirchhoff’s rule by comparing and accounting for discrepancies between the calculated and measured values i.e. the current and the... potential difference across a network of resistors. The experiment is done by creating a circuit with three resistors of varying resistances (1000Ω, 470Ω, & 250Ω) connected to two nine volt batteries. Using the DMM, the current and potential difference can be experimentally measured and via Kirchhoff’s first and second rule, the unknown values...
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built a basic circuit with two LED's and resistors in parallel. The results showed that the voltage is the same in... parallel. The items that were in series had the same current. The results also showed that the current from each branch could be summed up to equal the total current from the source. The experiment also helped the student to see the voltage drop across the diode was almost the same each time. This lab showed the effects of current and voltage in a parallel circuit. This experiment...
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Student Exploration Circuits Vocabulary ammeter, circuit, current, electron, ohmmeter, Ohms law, parallel... circuit, resistance, resistor, series circuit, voltage Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE using the Gizmo.) Strings of holiday lights can be designed in one of two ways. In some strings of lights, each light is connected to the others along a single wire (in series). In others, each light is attached to its own wire (in parallel). Suppose a single light bulb burns out. How do you think...
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resistive network by series-parallel circuits, the students will demonstrate the characteristics of... series-parallel circuits by measuring and verifying the calculations of the resistance, voltage and current associated with the different resistive components of a series – parallel circuit. On this experiment, the students will also demonstrate the principle of basic electric circuit Law called Ohm’s Law as well as the use of basic principles involved in series, parallel and series-parallel. This experiment...
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Yewande Adeniyi | 9/22/2011 | | PROCEDURE 1. Connect the ammeter A, the voltmeter V, and the power supply PS to the Resistance Box. The basic... circuit supply is series with a resistor. To measure the current in the resistor, the ammeter is placed in series. To measure the voltage across the resistor, the voltmeter is placed in parallel. 2. Vary the current through resistor R1 in steps of .125A to .500A. For each specified value of the current, measure the voltage across the resistor...
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Electricity Circuit symbols Potential difference The energy which is delivered to an electric circuit comes from the... supply. The greater the potential difference of the power supply the more energy is delivered. Potential difference is measured in volts, which has the unit symbol V. Cells in series The more chemical cells that are connected in series the greater the potential difference that they supply. The potential difference of a number of cells connected in series is the sum of each...
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Abstract: The investigation involved testing the factors of pencil lead length, cross-sectional area, temperature and lead type to find out how they... affected pencil resistance. The hypothesis was proven as the length (series circuit) graph was exponential and the area (parallel circuit) graph was that of a power function. Higher clay based pencils (2H) had higher resistance to that of higher graphite based pencils (6B), and temperature did not greatly affect the resistance. The reasons as to why diamond...
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1. Parallel circuits have only one path for current. ( T / F ) 2. The total resistance in a parallel... circuit is always greater than the lowest-value branch resistor. (T / F ) 3. The voltage across all components in parallel is equal. ( T / F ) 4. The total current entering a junction may be different from the total current leaving the junction. (T / F ) 5. A parallel circuit is sometimes called a current divider. (T / F ) 6. IF two equal resistors are connected in parallel, they...
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Week 4 Practice Problems Chapter 4 Series Circuits 11. Determine the potentiometer setting needed to set the current in... Figure 4.33a to 18 mA. I1= Vs/R1= 10V/470Ω= 0.02127 x 10^-3= 21mA I2= It(I1)= 18mA(21mA)= 0.000378 x 10^-6= 378µA R2= Vs/I2= 10V/378µA= 26455 x 10^3= 26.455kΩ 12. Determine the potentiometer setting needed to set the current in Figure 4.33b to 27 mA. I1= Vs/R1 = 30V/750Ω = 0.04 x 10^-3= 40mA I2= It(I1)= 27mA(40mA)= 0.00108 x 10^-3= 1.08mA R2= Vs/I2= 30V/1...
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of each length. Plan In this investigation, a simple circuit will be set up to read the voltage and current when the length of the wire... changes. The length will range from 10cm-80cm with intervals of 10cm. The length of the wire will be changed by moving the crocodile clip across the wire and checking the measurements with a ruler. The circuit should be set up as in the circuit diagram (as attached). The voltmeter should be set up parallel to the ammeter. The readings from the ammeter and voltmeter...
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history about Ohm Kirchoff's current and voltage laws Ohm's law Circuit analysis example Bibliography A little bit about the life... and times of Gustav Robert Kirchoff: Gustav Robert Kirchoff was a German physicist born on March 12, 1824, in Konigsber, Prussia. Gustav Kirchoff's first research topic was on the conduction of electricity. As a result of this research, Kirchoff wrote the Laws of Closed Electric Circuits in 1845. These laws were eventually named after their author, which...
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I. INTRODUCTION : Series-Parallel Connection is also known as the combined resistive circuits. This is the... combination of series circuit and parallel circuit. Series circuit can be described as a circuit with only one path for charges to move along. This was also the common circuit connection in most rural areas. On the other hand, Parallel circuit can be described as circuit with multiple paths intended for charges to flow freely. This type of circuit connection was used in most urban areas...
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Electric Circuits Fundamentals - Floyd © Copyright 2007 Prentice-Hall Chapter 4 Series circuits Summary... All circuits have three common attributes. These are: 1. A source of voltage. 2. A load. 3. A complete path. VS + R3 R1 R2 A series circuit is one that has only one current path. R1 R1 R2 R3 VS R3 R2 VS R1 R2 R3 VS Electric Circuits Fundamentals...
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Cells in series and in parallel Cells in Series When cells are connected in series with each... other and they are all connected in the same direction the total potential difference supplied to the circuit is the individual potential differences added together. Vtotal = V1 + V2 + V3 Identical cells in parallel with each other When identical cells are in parallel with each other the total potential difference supplied to the circuit is equal to the potential difference of just one of the...
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applied across the ends of a second heater wire having a cross-sectional area A and length 2L. Which wire gets hotter? (a) the shorter wire, (b) the longer... wire, or (c) more information is needed. 6. Two resistors, A and B, are connected in a series circuit with a battery. The resistance of A is twice that of B. Which resistor dissipates more power? (a) resistor A (b) resistor B (c) More information is needed. Quick Quizzes - ANSWER ...
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complete circuit. A complete circuit requires a battery, wires and a light bulb. 2. Compare and contrast a series... and parallel circuit. Give at least one way that they are alike and one way that they are different. Both series and parallel circuits must have all the components of a complete circuit in order to work. These two circuits differ in the way the electrons are able to flow. In a series circuit the electrons flow in one direction and along one path only while in a parallel circuit the electrons...
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King Faisal University College of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering EE 241- Electric Circuits I 3(3-0-0) Required Course: Three... 1-hour lectures per week Semester 1, 2013-2014 •Course Instructor and/or Coordinator. •Course Description (catalog): Linear circuit analysis and design course. Topics include fundamental topics of charge, current, voltage and power; passive circuit elements; mesh and nodal analysis, Thevenin's and Norton's theorems, source transformation; transient analysis...
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Potential Difference in Electrical Circuit Discussion: We conducted this experiment to test out the relationship of potential differences... and currents in series and parallel circuits. We were to indicate the special properties that the potential differences and currents had with both types of circuits. In short, we were to test out Kirchhoff's laws. Before starting the lab, we had to pick three different resistors and we were to calculate the values for the total resistances, potential...
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Discussion In the experiment AC circuits, the purpose was to see the effect that a capacitor, resistor, and inductor have on the voltage,... and current of a circuit. We created circuits with 2 resistors, a capacitor and a resistor, and then a capacitor, resistor, and an inductor. The circuits were then hooked up to a function generator, and oscilloscope to find the voltage across certain frequencies and then calculate the peak current, capacitive reactance or the inductive reactance, and phase difference...
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: SERIES TYPE OHMMETER SUBJECT : BENE 1183 ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTATION 1.0 Title: Reproduce the... series type Ohmmeter using PMMC of Ifsd = 30 μA for range of 0-10 kΩ. 2.0 Objectives : 1. To design a series type Ohmmeter using PMMC. 2. To understand the properties of series type Ohmmeter. 3. To design a series type ohmmeter when Ifsd=30μA is given. 4. To calculate the half scale deflection and full scale deflection of the series type...
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(120 volts AC). • Current - is the flow of electrons. It is measured in amperes. • Resistance (ohms, Ω) is the ability to oppose an electrical current.... PHYS 401 Physics of Ham Radio 26 PHYS 401 Physics of Ham Radio 27 Circuit Definitions A circuit must close to be complete! PHYS 401 Physics of Ham Radio 28 Ohm’s Law • Ohm’s Law relates Current (I), Voltage (E) and Resistance (R) • The relationship can be written three ways: »E=IxR »I=E/R » R = E/I PHYS 401 Physics...
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X) QUESTIONS FOR PRACTICE 1. State the law that governs the strength of the current passing through a metallic conductor when a p.d is applied across its... end. Illustrate this law graphically? 2. Why is an ammeter connected in series and voltmeter in parallel in a circuit? 3. In an experiment the current flowing through a resistor and potential difference across it are measured. The values are given below. Show that these values confirm Ohm’s Law and also find the resistance of the resistor. I (ampere)...
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that any resistive circuit or network, no matter how complex, can be represented as a voltage source in series with a source... resistance. It is used to simplify the load analysis of series-parallel circuits. 2. What is VTH ? How is it measured? Thevenin voltage. In a series-parallel circuit is the voltage present at the output terminals of the circuit when the load is removed. Even though it has a new name VTH is nothing more than the no-load output voltage VNL for the circuit. Vth can be found...
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principal job of a resistor within an electrical or electronic circuit is to "resist" (hence the name resistor), regulate or to set the flow of... electrons (current) through them by using the type of conductive material from which they are composed. Resistors can also be connected together in various series and parallel combinations to form resistor networks which can act as voltage droppers, voltage dividers or current limiters within a circuit. A Typical Resistor Resistors are "Passive Devices", that...
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Design of Smart Lighting and PA System EE 2031 Mini Project National University of Singapore Department: Electrical & Computer Engineering Course:... B. Eng. Electrical Engineering EE2031 Circuit and Systems Design Lab: Mini Project Design of Smart Lighting and PA System Module facilitators: Assoc. Prof Chim Wai Kin Dr Xiang Ning Mr Loke Yuan Ren Mr Sangit Sasidhar Lab Group: Friday_Room1_G2 (9am-12pm) Tan Kheng Loong A0087979X Wong Kok Keong A0087415B Wong Wei Long Andy A0087388J ...
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resistance of a circuit with three parallel resistors with the values below? Gt= G1+G2+G3= 0.5mS+0.25mS+0.75mS= 0.0015 x... 10^-3= 1.5mS Rt= 1/Gt= 1/1.5mS= 667Ω 5. Use the reciprocal method to calculate the total resistance of the circuit below. Rt= 1/(1/R1+1/R2)= 1/(1/2.2kΩ + 1/3.3kΩ)= 1320 x 10^3= 1.320kΩ 6. Calculate the total resistance of the circuit above using the product-over-sum rule. Rt= R1(R2)/R1+R2= 2.2kΩ(3.3kΩ)/2.2kΩ+3.3kΩ= 1320 x 10^3= 1.320kΩ 7. Construct the circuit above on...
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Introduction I have chosen to investigate a factor that affects the output of a potential divider circuit. A potential divider is resistors... connected in series across a voltage source; used to obtain a desired fraction of the voltage. A resistor is a device having resistance to the passage of an electric current which affects the output voltage (Vout). The factors that I could investigate are changing the resistance of r2 and record the output (Vout), or use a light-dependent resistor (LDR) and...
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PHET 8 Battery-Resistor Circuit Name Course Date Learning Goals To visualize the interplay... between the voltage, resistance, current and temperature in a conductor Check “show battery” and “show cores”, watch what happens, adjust some variables 1. Why do electrons (blue dots) move? The flow of current (+) is opposite to the flow of the electrons. ; note if toward or away from + terminal of the battery. The electrons move due to voltage of the battery...
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electrical engineering is a resistor. A resistor is nothing but a special electrical component that helps in the induction of electrical resistance in a... given electrical circuit. The resistors can be made up of different elements and different materials and it depends on the applied voltage and the applied current. No electric circuit can be complete without the use of resistors in them. The specifications of the resistors however depend on the conduction of the current. We would talk about some of...
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Computing Laboratory Report Title of Experiment: Series and Parallel Circuits Date Given: January 28, 2013... AIM: To investigate the circuits to tell whether the resistors are in parallel or in series also to determine the internal resistance of a 1.5V cell. THEORY: In this experiment it was expected of the experimenter to have a basic knowledge of circuits in both aspects theoretically and practically. A basic circuit comprises of a cell or power supply (some electric driving...
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Page 1 of 5 Name: ______________________________ ECET 231 - Circuit Analysis I Lab 6 Series-Parallel DC... Circuits Objective: Students successfully completing this lab will accomplish the following objectives: 1. Gain experience analyzing and verifying, by measurements, the characteristics of series-parallel resistive circuits. 2. Increase understanding of the relationship of voltage, current and resistance in a series-parallel circuit 3. Learn to compute currents through the use of voltmeter...
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Voltage and Current in Series and Parallel Circuits Purpose: The purpose of this lab was to investigate... and prove Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws, through the use of parallel and series circuits. In a parallel circuit, the voltages at different loads remain constant with themselves and the battery, where the current at different loads add up to equal the total current of the battery. A series circuit proves the opposite; current remains constant, and the voltages being used at different...
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conducted in series and parallel to identify the pressure different in both pumps. Centrifugal pump is known as one of the most... widely used pumps for transferring liquids. It’s also known as a device to transfer mechanical energy from a prime mover into fluid energy to produce the flow of liquids. The pump is connected in 2 ways; in series and another as parallel pump. Centrifugal pump are connected in parallel because to provide enough flow rates compare to centrifugal pump that connected in series, the...
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Lab 3. Dc circuits and Ohm’s law of measurments Helina Wolfe Tannaz Farnoudi and Najah Rouse Physics 246-205 Professor Joe Renaud... 09/23/13 Word count:1453 Abstract: The aim of this experiment was to understand the relationship between the variables of Ohm’s law and how they are part of an operation of an electric circuit. Introduction: This experiment was done in two parts. The first part consisted of understanding how to determine the current, voltage and resistance...
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Experiment 5 Series and Parallel Pump Objectives To demonstrate the principle operating characteristics of centrifugal... pump in series, parallel or single pump operation. To determine the pump characteristic curves of pump in series and parallel configuration and single operation. To determine the pump power. Overview A pump can serve to move liquid, as in a cross country pipeline, to lift liquid as from a well or to the top of a tall building; or to put fluid under pressure as in...
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Questions and Problems: 1. Describe the type of meter movement used in analog meters. The current in the circuit is used in basic... meters to measure the voltage drop or current in the circuit. The current passes through the coils of wires, which is then magnetized. Inside the apparatus, there is also a permanent magnet which opposes the magnetic field of the magnetized coil of wire that is connected to the pointer therefore, as we see in meters, the pointer moves. There is also a spring connected...
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Experiment 5: RC Circuits Abstract The purpose of this lab is to learn and understand RC... Circuits. An RC circuit is composed of at least one resistor and at least one capacitor. A capacitor is composed of two plates with either air or an insulator also known as a dielectric between the plates. We do not want the plates to be touching, because then we would only have a conductor. The insulator between the plates is also known as the dialectic, which affect how the...
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the Norton’s theorem. EQUIPMENT Resistor 100Ω, 1kΩ and 4.7kΩ, digital multimeter(DVM), bread board. INTRODUCTION Some circuits require... more than one voltage source. Superposition theorem is a way to determine currents and voltages in a linear circuit that has multiple sources by taking one source at a time. the current in any given branch of a multiple-source linear circuit can be found by determining the currents in that particular branch produced by each source acting alone, with all other sources...
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Bottom of Form Star Delta Transformation We can now solve simple series, parallel or bridge type resistive networks... using Kirchoff´s Circuit Laws, mesh current analysis or nodal voltage analysis techniques but in a balanced 3-phase circuit we can use different mathematical techniques to simplify the analysis of the circuit and thereby reduce the amount of math's involved which in itself is a good thing. Standard 3-phase circuits or networks take on two major forms with names that represent the...
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INTEGRATED CIRCUITS The History of the Integrated Circuit the Integrated Circuit Generations What is a... Microchip? How do microchips work? How are microchips made? By definition the integrated circuit aka microchip is a set of interconnected electronic components such as transistors and resistors, that are etched or imprinted on a onto a tiny chip of a semiconducting material, such as silicon or germanium. The History of the Integrated Circuit Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce ...
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Measurements of Capacitance and Inductance Purpose: To use equipment and techniques to determine the structure of a hidden series RLC... circuit and to measure the values of the various components in that circuit. Theory: To see how an RLC circuit works, consider the circuit in Figure 1 with the capacitor initially charged. Fig. 1 RLC Circuit Since there is a conducting wire connecting the negative side of the capacitor to the positive, a current will begin to flow in the counterclockwise...
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Investigation: how the resistance in a circuit varies with the length, thickness and type of wire Introduction A current is a flow of... negative electrons around a circuit or electrical pathway. This is measured in how many electrons per second or the charge they are carrying go round the circuit (amps or amperes) Voltage or Potential Difference measures how much energy individual electrons have to use up as they go around a circuit. (Volts) Components in a circuit have a Resistance value which will...
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Name: Period: Circuits-Circuit Analysis Base your answers to questions 1 through 3 on the information and diagram below. 4.... A 9-volt battery is connected to a 4-ohm resistor and a 5-ohm resistor as shown in the diagram below. A 3.0-ohm resistor, an unknown resistor, R, and two ammeters, A1 and A2, are connected as shown with a 12-volt source. Ammeter A2 reads a current of 5.0 amperes. What is the current in the 5-ohm resistor? 1. 1.0 A 2. 1.8 A 3. 2.3 A 4. 4.0 A 1. Determine the equivalent...
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Week 2-4 Chapter 2: Electric Circuits 2 Lesson Outcome At the end of class, students should be able to: ∗ State and apply basic... circuit laws to solve for currents, voltages and powers in electric circuits. ∗ Apply the voltage-division and current-division principles to analyze electric circuit. ∗ Analyze the circuits using the node-voltage and mesh-current technique. ∗ Apply the Thevenin’s theorem to analyze the electric circuit. 3 Electric Circuit ∗ The path that the current...
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