ABG show? A: Compensated respiratory acidosis Q: What is a likely diagnosis? A: Chronic lung disease.
4. An infant of 30 weeks’ gestation and BW 1.3 kg is on a ventilator. ABG shows: Q: Interpret the ABG pH 7.35 A: Compensated metabolic acidosis by respiratory alkalosis and hyperoxaemia PaCO₂ 3.0...
, indicating that foods of animal origin may play a majorrole in transmitting C. jejuni to humans (35).
In the United States, infants have the highest age-specific Campylobacter isolation rate, approximately 14 per 100,000 person years. As children get older, isolation rates decline to approximately 4 per...
the major influences on amenorrhoea.
Source: Elias,M.F. "Nursing Practices and Lactation Amenorrhoea." Journal of Biosco Sci, 1968.
2. Breast Cancer
Among both premenopausal and postmenopausal women, risk of breast cancer decrease with increasing duration of lifetime lactation experience...
make them as another victim of this illness.
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
The lungs constitute the largest organ in the respiratory system. They play an important role in respiration, or the process of providing the body with oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide. The lungs expand and contract up to 20...
are approximately 600,000 people in the UK with COPD with most presenting after 40 yrs of age, 5% of men aged 65-74 and 10% of men older than 75yrs (Calverley, 2000).
Respiratorydisease is the third most commonly reported long term illness whilst COPD accounts for a fifth of respiratory...
• Vector borne diseases
Food and Agriculture
Agricultural production issues and manufacturing
• Tobacco farming and its impact on heart disease, stroke, certain cancers and chronicrespiratorydisease. Including passive smoking and impact of foetal development. Pesticide...
does our ageing population. Increased life expectancy has led to an increase demand for health services that cater for the elderly, increase in nursing homes and the need to provide care for a growing number of dependant people.
Major Causes of Sickness and IllnessDiseases of the circulatory...
intake, limit your alcohol intake, exercise for cancer prevention, know your personal and family medical history, know what you’re being exposed to in your work environment, practice safe sex, and get screened for cancer regularly.
Chronic Lower RespiratoryDiseases:
Definition – Chronic lower...
in the L.A. Basin, 2004).
Long Term Effects of Ground Level Ozone
Air pollution, and in particular ground level ozone has many long term ramifications on the environment. Not only is it related to many deaths per year but also causes respiratory issues such as lung disease, cancer, and asthma in...
the underlying disease?
● ● ●
What are the percentage chances of significant clinical improvement? __% Does that take into account the patient’s age and any other diseases/comorbidities? How long would the improvement last? Days, weeks or months? What are the percentage chances of...
, illness and injury and on the likely causes (or determinants) within groups or populations.
PDHPE Application and Inquiry
What can epidemiology tell us?
Epidemiology serves many purposes. These include: • monitoring the major causes of sickness and death to identify any emerging issues and...
. Treatment of chronicdiseases involves changing
deeply imbedded behaviors, and relapse does not mean treatment failure. For the addicted patient, lapses back to drug abuse indicate that
treatment needs to be reinstated or adjusted, or that alternate treatment is needed.
What are the principles...
-occurrence of chronicillness such as rehab services.
Public health approaches; aim to provide the maximum benefit for the largest number of people. Preventingdisease or illness from occurring or re occurring. Settings for this type of health promotion occurs in schools, hospitals, work places as it...
majorrole to play, and hence the necessity for public health education and promotion of healthy lifestyles. Health education efforts to achieve positive behavioural changes are essential for the prevention and control of diseases. Preventingchronicdiseases is a vital investment. This may help in...
Physiology of Airway Disease
Upper respiratory tract
Trachea and major bronchi
Lower respiratory tract
Bronchi and alveoli
Creation of negative pressure
Effects of CO2/pH
Role of inflammatory mediators
Increase airway responsiveness by
Environmental Threats to Healthy Aging
In a time of resource constraints, an overburdened healthcare system, and an approaching wave of agerelated disease, preventing entire clusters of chronic debilitating illnesses should be a high priority.
that play essential roles in maintaining...