• Sociology
    social facts, in the hope of uncovering the functions of the phenomena. Durkheim (1951 [1897]) uses this approach in a study of suicide, which was chosen as is generally thought of as extremely personal. Durkheim (1951 [1897]) looked at data such as suicide rates, within different groups, endeavouring...
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  • Mamud
    interdependent components. Contemporary structural-functionalism is largely defined by the works of Parsons (1951), Merton (1968), and Davis and Moore (1945). The contemporary version emphasizes stability, functional integration, equilibrium, and value consensus. Dahrendorf argues that the structural-functionalist...
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  • Climate
    including corporate culture and market orientation, affect performance in major Indian firms. The research uses a framework (the universal high performance model) developed in the United States and first tested in Japan to assess Indian organizational business-to-business relationships. Although there are some...
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  • Scotts Miracle Gro
    Gro was created in a 1995 merger between Miracle Grow and The Scotts Company and is backed by the established history of its founding companies. In 1951 Horace Hagedon started Miracle Gro, which was the leading brand in lawn care chemicals before the merger, while The Scotts long history dates back to...
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  • The Core Competence of the Corporation
    interactions with its environment (Ashby, 1960; Holland and Miller, 1991). Second, it provides operational concepts and metaphors for building and refining models and visions of the organization as a learning, innovative and adaptive system (Simon, 1969). 2 The U.S. forces are made up with four Services:...
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  • Italian Culture and Work Ethics
    social psychology. At least until the end of the 1940s, families were considered as a group typology (Lewin, 1951). Successively, interest focused on the pathology of family relationships (Bateson et al., 1956; Epstein et al., 1982; Bamhill, 1979; Watzlawick et al., 1967). It was only in die 1970s that...
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  • Member
    -inequality is inevitable and functional for society -social change is internal = disorganization -social change = adjustments to return to balance/equilibrium -social change = slow, gradual, and incremental -social change = disruption of balance -dysfunctions are some times functional for society Weaknesses...
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  • Economic Sustainability - Indian Railways
    9,000 locomotives. Railways were first introduced to India in 1853. By 1947, the year of India's independence, there were forty-two rail systems. In 1951 the systems were nationalized as one unit, the Indian Railways, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. IR operates both long distance and...
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  • Endorser
    introducing the Endorser Sexpertise Continuum. This model categorizes athlete celebrity endorsers on the Endorser Sexpertise Continuum with anchor points referred to as “acquirable expertise” and “likeability.” As in successful brand alliances, this model suggests the types of products/brands the athlete...
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  • Prince
    economics and other disciplines.19 Besides conference chairman Warren McCulloch, the participants included Norbert Wiener, John von Neumann, Gregory Bateson, Margaret Mead, Julian H. Bigelow, Paul Lazarsfeld, Walter Pitts, and the leader of the Macy Foundation conference program, Frank Fremont Smith. In...
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  • Federal Reserve's Role in the Great Depression
    Federal Reserve through their actions, and sometimes lack of action (inaction?), in addressing the monetary supply issue in the economy, by using functional finance caused the United States to enter into a decade long financial crisis, rather than merely suffering through a typical business cycle recession...
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  • Quality Service Literature
    them due to its aesthetic characteristics. Services are considered as intangible because we are unable to see, touch or feel them (Hoffman and Bateson, 2002). Hanson (2000) suggested that service quality shows the organization's ability to meet customers' desires and needs. So organization...
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  • Educate, Enable, Empower
    contribution from different section would be more balanced. A successful education model is required today, so that this objective is achieved. Essential of a successful educational model • A successful educational model would be one, which is in a position to establish a link between the objectives...
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  • The Three Ecologies (Nf)
    THREE ECOLOGIES T RANSLATED BY CHRIS TURNER, MATERIAL WORD There is an ecology of bad ideas, just as there is an ecology of weeds. (Gregory Bateson, in Steps to an Ecology of Mind) T he human subject is not a straightforward matter; Descartes was wrong to suggest it was sufficient merely to think...
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  • Positioning
    based either on functional brand attributes or on emotional benefits. The aim of the study is to test the suggested green positioning strategies against one another, assessing their effect on perceived brand positioning and brand attitude. Design/methodology/approach – A theoretical model of the dimensionality...
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  • unicorns are cool
    paper-back edition; it was published in 1951 as Maternal Care and Mental Health by the WHO. A second edition, entitled Child Care and the Growth of Love, with review chapters by Mary Ainsworth, was published by Penguin Books in 1965. It is interesting to examine the 1951 report from today's perspective....
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  • Sociology
    Durkheim 1915, 1964); Durkheim was himself one of the first sociologists to make use of scientific and statistical techniques in sociological research (1951). The second emphasis, on the organic unity of society, leads functionalists to speculate about needs which must be met for a social system to exist...
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  • Social Anthropology
    descriptions of its functioning from day to day, a scientific understanding that could then be compared and contrasted with other societies (Radcliffe-Brown, 1951; cf. Evans-Pritchard, 1950; Leach, 1958). Malinowski famously wrote that the goal of fieldwork is to “grasp the native’s point of view, his relation...
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  • Services Handout
    its branches, and the firm had a good understanding of its customers’ purchase decision behavior Organizational factors refers to a strong inter-functional cooperation and coordination; development personnel were fully aware of why they were involved and of the importance of new products to the company ...
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  • Is It Possible to Build Better Bureaucracies?
    derogatory remarks and harsh criticism and from various perspectives. For example, feminists such as Kathy Fergusson (1984), liberals such as Mills (1951), Marxist writers such as Dan Clawson (1980), management researcher such as Michel Crozier (1964), Austrian economists such as Ludwig von Mises (1944)...
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