• Marketing Plan: Success of American Apparel in New Zealand
    States with the largest full-time student populations (California, Illinois, New York, Pennsylvania, and Texas) hold 33% of American Apparels total retail stores (Brown, 2001; American Apparel, 2009). American Apparel is currently located in cities of eight of the ten highest enrolled universities in...
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  • Economics
    deficit of the central government expanded 3 percentage points of GDP, reflecting both the operation of automatic stabilizers and discretionary stimulus measures, including temporary tax reductions and spending increases. However, in 2009 the fiscal deficit of subnational governments (states and...
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  • Macroeconomics
    Person Education Australia Check Your Knowledge Explain the impact of each of the following changes on the components of Aggregate Expenditure (AE), and in each case, specify which of the four components of AE will be impacted, and explain how: a. Real interest rates increase. b. Two of...
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  • Fiscal Policy, Government Size and Economic Performance: Empirical Evidence from Selected Asean Countries
    , government expenditure has negative impact on GDP. This implies that these countries should focus on enhance efficiency and effectiveness of public spending. The IMF suggest that these countries should increase efficiency of government projects and also an increase in number private partnership (ppp) project...
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  • Nielsen Q1 2013 Global Consumer Confidence Report
    increase of two percentage points each. One-fourth of American respondents plan to buy new clothes, a decline from 27 percent reported in Q4 last year. “In the U.S., the increase in reported discretionary spending is not a rising tide affecting all ships,” said Russo. “Nearly four years after the...
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  • Economy of the Philippines
    . The country saw an increase in overall GDP in 2012 of about 6.5%, with the third quarter of the year surpassing its goal by a full 2% (“Year in Review,” 2013). Furthermore, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) predicts that the Philippines will continue to have one of the highest increases in GDP in...
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  • Final Exam
    ) depends only on discretionary fiscal policy. (c) is as often a symptom as it is a cause of the state of the economy. (d) must balance at all times to prevent business cycles. 71. Reasonably consistent increases in standards of living for most Americans across the past two centuries are probably...
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  • Pdf Paper
    care costs associated with an aging population will lead to significant increases in public spending in most member states over the next half century. Gross domestic product growth rates are projected to fall across the EU, and in the absence of policy changes, the potential EU economic growth rate...
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  • Pennsylvania Legislature: Too Big, or Not Too Big
    connection between legislative professionalization and higher spending per capita, a higher tax burden, and less economic freedom. Specifically, each increase in NCSL-defined levels of professionalization result in an estimated $441 increase in state and local spending per person and a 0.4% increase in...
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  • Effects of Health Care
    sector — federal, state and municipal governments — is faced with costs rising mor e rapidly than revenues, placing high scrutiny on all discretionary health care spending, especially health care. Companies with rising health care spending may cut other expenses, reduce wage increases, reduce health...
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  • Macroeconomics as a second language
    of inputs or in their productivity—then the LRAS shifts to the right. TRY 8. For each of the following events, what is its effect on the long-run aggregate supply curve, LRAS? a. Population growth increases the labor force. b. Business investment spending increases the nation’s capital stock...
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  • Economic Impact
    spending category Use an input-output model of the region=s economy * In an engineering approach, one estimates the costs of a trip by itemizing typical costs for each input. E.g. A typical overnight party of four visitors, staying two nights, will spend $50 per night for a motel room, $20 per...
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  • Business Economics and Managerial Decision
    ¡erence between A and M is D or discretionary pro¢ts that managers are able to utilize to increase their bene¢ts. The proportion of discretionary pro¢ts not used in discretionary spending is added to minimum pro¢ts to give reported pro¢ts. The reported pro¢ts of a pro¢t-maximizing ¢rm would be M þ D...
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  • Ap Macro Economic Review
    prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. It is a fixed-weight price index, which reflects spending patterns for each of two population groups: All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W). The CPI-U represents about 87...
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  • macroeconomics
    = C + S RMIT University School of Economics, Finance and Marketing 77 Check Your Knowledge If consumption spending increases from $350 million to $358 million when income increases from $412 million to $432 million it can be concluded that the relevant marginal propensity to consume is...
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  • Aristotle
    institutions in the country. A new machine that you helped develop has determined that a damaging earthquake is imminent in a nearby state in three days. Your new equipment can predict earthquakes with an 80 percent reliability. The area the earthquake is likely to strike has great population density...
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  • Financial Statement
    foreclosures currently remain higher than the national average in several of the Western states that we operate restaurants, including California and Nevada, which impact the discretionary spending of consumers in those states. Additionally, we believe that California is subject to a greater risk for...
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  • Management Theory and Practice
    concerns a company’s values toward society. How can organizations be good corporate citizens? The model for evaluating social performance uses four criteria: economic, legal, ethical, and discretionary. Evaluating corporate social behavior often requires assessing its impact on organizational...
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  • Harry
    estimate trip volume and spending on a state-by-state basis. Local estimates of impacts are obtained using simple allocation formulas to distribute statewide impacts to counties and cities within the state. These local estimates do not account very well for the distinct types of tourism activity or...
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  • Business
    remained buoyant and grow at more than 7%. The economic growth would impact large proportions of the population thus leading to more money in the hands of the consumer. Changes in demographic composition of the population and thus the market would also continue to impact the FMCG industry...
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