• Financial Accounting Theory
    purpose (normative theories – Current cost accounting), based on a particular perspective of the role of accounting. • Predict that managers paid bonus on the basis of measures such as profits will seek to adopt those accounting method that lead to an increase in reported profit (i.e. Positive Accounting...
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  • Economics as a Social Science
    ECONOMICS AS A SOCIAL SCIENCE NORMATIVE AND POSITIVE STATEMENTS:- In studying economics and a range of other subjects it is useful to distinguish between positive and normative statements. An understanding of the difference between the two types of statement helps people to appreciate the scope...
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  • Essay
    following identify which of the economic principle(s) (see below) is at work. a. You pick the shortest line at the store checkout. g. People respond to incentives. b. The price of new textbooks increased so you buy the used textbook. e. Markets are a good way to organize economic activity. c. You decide...
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  • Positive Accounting Theory
    Compare and contrast normative and positive accounting approaches: Definition of PAT: Watts and Zimmerman (1986) defined Pat as a theory that seeks to explain and predicts particular phenomenon. It is concerned with explaining accounting practice. The three basic hypotheses as outlined by Watts and...
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  • Scope of Economics
    Scope of Economics ‘Scope’ means the sphere of study. We have to consider what economics studies and what lies beyond it. The scope of economics will be brought out by discussing the following. a) Subject – matter of economics. b) Economics is a social science c) Whether Economics is a science or...
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  • Economics
    POSITIVE VS NORMATIVE ECONOMICS It is well said by George Bernard Shaw that: “If you took all of the economists in the country and laid them end to end, they’d never reach a conclusion”. That is the reason economics is divided into different manners based on...
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  • priciples of economic
    1. How does the study of economics depend upon the phenomenon of scarcity Economics is the study of how scarce resources are divided by individuals or societies. There would be no need if we could legally and without harm get the goods or services (food, clothing, housing etc.) we need or want...
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  • Shampoo Project
    Definition of Positive analysis A positive statement is a statement about what is and that contains no indication of approval or disapproval. Notice that a positive statement can be wrong. "The moon is made of green cheese" is incorrect, but it is a positive statement because it is a statement about...
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  • Xerox Textbook Chapter One Outline
    Terms and Concepts 1. Economics – The study of the efficient use of scarce resources in the production of goods and services to achieve the maximum utility 2. Economic Perspective – scarcity and choice, rational behavior, and marginalism. Rational decisions based on marginal benefits 3. Marginal...
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  • Economic way of thinking
    fundamental concept of economics that indicates that a good is less freely available than consumers would like Choice – the act of selecting among alternatives Scarcity and choice are the two essential parts of economics The economic way of thinking The eight guideposts of economic thinking (you don’t...
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  • Positive Economics
    Notes for Chapter 1 In previous economics classes, you have examined how markets function. In this course, we'll be focusing on the labor market. During the last few weeks of your introductory microeconomics class, you received a very general introduction to the study of labor markets. To fully understand...
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  • Mirco Economics
    Micro Economics Question 1 1.1 Positive Economics Positive economics or a positive statement is an objective statement or fact. Positive statements can be proved or disproved by comparing them with the facts. For example, ‘Barcelona won the UEFA champions league in 2006, beating Arsenal.’ This...
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  • Compare and Contrast Capital Market
    Behaviour research Positive theories explain and predict the behaviour of users of accounting information: i)Reactions of investors to accounting information ii)Association between accounting numbers and share prices Capital market research and Behaviour research both positive theories. Research...
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  • Introduction to Microeconomics
    Production–possibility frontier In economics, a production–possibility frontier (PPF), sometimes called a production–possibility curve, production-possibility boundary or product transformation curve, is a graph that compares the production rates of two commodities that use the same fixed total of...
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  • Microeconomics
    1 Economics: Foundations and Models Chapter Summary People must make choices as they try to attain their goals. These choices usually imply accepting tradeoffs among various competing objectives. Economic models are simplified versions of some aspects of economic life. Economists construct models...
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  • ec esszy
    – Part One Basic Economic Concepts The Economic Problem The Factors of Production Scarcity Choice Economic Goods Free Goods Opportunity Cost Marginal Analysis Production Possibility Frontier Value Judgements Positive and Normative Statements. ...
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  • Economics 102
    1. Scarcity- is the fundamental economic problem of having seemingly unlimited human wants and needs in a world of limited resources. Some examples of goods that are not scarce would be an overall good that is always available and not necessarily in high demand, I would say some examples would be eggs...
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  • Microeconomics
    refuted by an empirical, data-oriented study. Explain why a theory that cannot be evaluated empirically is not a good theory. Theory, whether in economics or sciences, helps ones predict and succeed in explaining on what they intend to explain relies on convincing assumptions. However, accuracy and validity...
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  • Gazprom
    3:Ukraine should rather seek an answer of a question for positive economics then normative because positive economics is testable and focuses on value-free descriptions of and predictions about economic relationships, it is the study of economic reality and why the economy operates as it does. It is biased...
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  • The Way to Rainy Mountain
    PART A INTRODUCTORY MICROECONOMICS 2 INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS INTRODUCTION TO MICROECONOMICS 3 1 WHAT ECONOMICS IS ALL ABOUT? INTRODUCTION TO MICROECONOMICS Economics is about economizing; that is, about choice among alternative uses of scarce resources. Choices are made by millions...
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