• Pope Gregory Vii and Pope Innocent Iii: a Comparative Study
    powers of the lay versus that of the spiritual: Emperor/kings Henry IV and John of England, and the popes who aggressively challenged their exertions of authority, Pope Gregory VII and Pope Innocent III, respectively. The years and conditions through which the worldly battled the holy for the command...
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  • GREGORY VII (Hildebrand)
    GREGORY VII (Hildebrand) (Pope, 1073-85). He was born in Tuscany about 1020, perhaps at Soana, a village of the southern border. His family belonged to the plebeian class. Although nothing of his remoter ancestry is known, his family name, Hildebrand, would imply a Teutonic descent; but by birth and...
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  • Funny Term Paper
    ▪ Smelly, ugly, but a great speaker. He gathered groups and mobs around him o Walter Sansavoir ▪ Peter’s aid o Slaughter of the Innocents ▪ Jewish Communities were accused of being treasonous, and were slaughtered. First Crusade - Waves of Crusaders o 1st – peoples...
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  • The Rise of an Anti-Christ
    if we understand the stance our church fathers took against the papacy. The church fathers considered the papacy to be an anti-Christ because of the Pope had placed himself in place of Christ, claimed to be the Vicar of Christ, said they spoke with the authority of Christ and yet they persecuted the people...
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  • england
    What makes Gregory VII and Innocent III so important? How do their careers, successes, failures, trials, ideas, etc., fit into the bigger themes of the development of the medieval papacy? The middle ages are often thought of a time of great religious powers going to war with each other. And of course...
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  • Word Document
    Eunice Kim Study Questions: Chapter 1—The Rise of Europe Preface and a Few Words on Geography 1. What relationship may be noted between the study of geography and the study of history? Geography is the study of the Earth and its physical features like mountains, oceans, deserts, and rivers. The...
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  • History of the Catholic Church
    the Church and its power to forgive sin, and excessively rigorous morality. The heresy, preached by Montanus of Phrygia and others, was condemned by Pope St. Zephyrinus (199-217). 161-80: Reign of Marcus Aurelius. His persecution, launched in the wake of natural disasters, was more violent than those...
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  • My Note
    Council of Jerusalem, in 49 AD. The two main speakers at the Council were St. Peter, who was chosen by Jesus to be head of the twelve and the first Pope, and St. James, the brother of the Lord. Both convinced the assembly that God desired gentiles to be part of the community and that all people were...
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  • Christianity History
    STUDY GUIDE FOR THE MID-SEMESTER TEST FOR HISTORY OF CHRISTIANITY{CH 412)SPRING-2011 1. Describe the five patterns of Christianity and culture. 1. Christ against culture separation {monastic movement} Persecution 2. Christ of culture { bringing the two together} ...
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  • Theology- Church and Sacraments
    Constantine, at a point the Church and State had come to common grounds such that Catholic religion became close to being the national religion, the ranks of popes and bishops were established, and the Arianism’s spread was paused due to the establishment of the Council of Nicea. But, not too long afterwards, the-so-called...
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  • World History-High Middle Ages
    throne because Philip VI , of the house of Valois, was the nephew of Philip the Fair. However, Edward III of England, also claimed the throne because he was the grandson of Philip the Fair. Edward III paying homage to Philip VI This double claim to the throne led to The Hundred Years' War, which lasted...
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  • To What Extend Was the Papacy Successful in Asserting Its Dominance over the Western Church?
    dominance over the Western Church has been greatly disputed amongst historians. Certain historians would argue that there is little to suggest that the pope had control from inside other than papal reform to prevent unrest and, would argue that in fact the real conflict was between him and individual states...
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  • Ecumenical Councils
    Council of Nicaea lasted two months and twelve days. Three hundred and eighteen bishops were present. Hosius, Bishop of Cordova, assisted as legate of Pope Sylvester. The Emperor Constantine was also present. To this council we owe the Nicene Creed, defining against Arius the true Divinity of the Son of...
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  • An Essay on the Reformation.
    See, and hence the papal power. The reign of Pope Innocent the Third, saw the culmination of the prestige of the Church to the point where it seemed to have achieved its ideal of becoming a ‘moral super-state’: in accordance with Image [ 2 ] Pope Gregory VII, portrayed as a Saint. the doctrine of a...
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  • Ancient History
    * wants to be crowned by the pope * wants to secure power in Italy (to make sure they pay taxes, etc.) | 7 Crusades | * People’s Crusade – non-nobles who want land ; failure * First Crusade – huge massacre; capture of Jerusalem * Second Crusade – Louis VII and Eleanor go together, Eleanor...
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  • A story
    Middle Ages Study Guide Use this study guide as tool for questions that you might see on your Chapter 13-Sec 1 of Chapter 15 Test. All the questions below come straight from your textbook and can be filled out as you read along. This will be your guide for success on the test next week! Good Luck...
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  • Refs for Middle Ages World History
    100: Part 4 The Middle Ages Dr. Maureen Miller http://chnm.gmu.edu/courses/westernciv/video/miller1.html Introduction The period we are going to study this week is called the Middle Ages. By this term, historians generally mean to denote the history of Western Europe from the end of the Roman Empire...
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  • Ch 15 notes
    Politically, there are efforts to centralize secular and religious power. The Holy Roman Emperor is the secular power in Europe, and the Catholic Pope is the religious power. They have a love-hate relationship. To complicate matters, as in the other medieval sacred states (e.g., Muslim and Chinese)...
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  • Middle Ages
    does it happen that the ones who come back are mostly bandits? –Rutebeuf, from The Medieval World by Freidrich Heer, translated by Janet Sondheimer | Popes and Kings If YOU were there... | You are 13 years old, the youngest child of the king of France. One day your father announces that he wants to...
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  • social reviewer
    8.3 THE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY GROWS Recap: European economy prospered Growing religious importance Popes sought to prevent lords from interfering with church affairs Church’s political involvement call for reforms 1. Papacy had become a political prize. 2. Lords meddling with religion. Bishops...
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