• Law Criminal Courts
    Jonas has been attacked by someone and has been harmed. Explain what offences might have been committed upon him. Jonas was not murdered therefore his attacker has committed a non fatal offence which is dealt with in either the magistrates court or the crown court depending on the severity of the...
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  • Assult
    Assault Actus Reus An assault is any act by which someone, intentionally or recklessly, causes another person to apprehend immediate and personal violence. Mens Rea The Mens Rea for an assault is either the intention to cause another to fear immediate unlawful personal violence or recklessness...
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  • Concept of Liability Law as
    (Fagan v Metropolitan Police Commissioner) Strict liability offence Only actus reus required, no need for mens rea. (R v Larsonneur, Sweet v Parsley, B v DPP) Non-fatal offences Common assault Section 39 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988. Actus reus: cause victim to fear immediate unlawful...
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  • Sexual Offences Act 2003
    behind the creation of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 was the low conviction rate on rapists. In 1999 9,008 rape cases were reported and only 1 in 13 resulted in a conviction . Within this essay I will discuss whether or not the changes introduced by the Sexual Offences Act 2003 add greater clarity to the...
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  • Nvq Providing Security Services
    3.6 Outline the current laws relating to security breaches stating the year of the act. a) Criminal damage In English law, causing criminal damage was originally a common law offence. The offence was largely concerned with the protection of dwellings and the food supply, and few sanctions...
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  • Assault
    ------------------------------------------------- Assault From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about the criminal act. For tortious aspects of assault, see Assault (tort). For other uses, see Assault (disambiguation). Criminal law | Part of the common law series | Element (criminal...
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  • Criminalisation of Hiv Transmission
    had even called for the „tattooing‟ of all HIV+ persons!6 That may sound too extreme, and would be a threat to the very tenet of fundamental right to personal autonomy, dignity and privacy. The Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act of 19907 was, therefore, enacted to enable the...
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  • Criminal Law
    earnings of prostitution contrary to section 30 of the Sexual Offences Act, 1956; and (3) Publishing an obscene publication contrary to section 2 of the Obscene Publications Act, 1959. The appellant appealed, stating that no such offence of conspiracy to corrupt public morals existed. The appeal was...
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  • Criminal
    Developments on the Law of Recklessness............................................................... 9 Reasons for Change and the Arguments against it.................................................... 13 To Follow the Cunningham or Caldwell approach........................................
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  • Non Fatal Reform Law03
    Non-fatal offences reform The non-fatal offences have been subject to much criticism over the years. The wording of the statutory defences is inconsistent and old fashioned, assault and battery are still common law offences and the sentencing of the offences is inconsistent. Many of the words...
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  • Consideration
    HARM — DEFENCE — CONSENT — SADO-MASOCHISTIC ACTS CARRIED OUT IN PRIVATE Case Summery The appellants belonged to a group of sado-masochistic homosexuals who over a 10-year period from 1978 willingly participated in the commission of acts of violence against each other, including genital torture, for...
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  • Law Unit 03 Aqa
    Law: Offences against the Person Assault: s39 Criminal Justice Act 1988 Person apprehends an immediate unlawful attack Intention or subjective recklessness to cause another to apprehend an immediate unlawful attack * Smith 1983: “immediate” means some time in the very near future * Ireland (1997):...
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  • Theoretical Principle of Criminal Law
    tend to have different perspective of views when defining crime. Many would probably think that crimes only relate to those higher severity criminal offences which are more common to the society, such as murder, rape, theft, and so forth. But is it sufficient to conclude that this wrongdoing activity have...
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  • Crppc
    ofevidence, determination of guilt or innocence of the accused person and the determination of punishment of the guilty. Additionally, it also deals with public nuisance, prevention of offences and maintenance of wife, child and parents. The Act consists of 484 sections, 2 schedules and 56 forms. The sections...
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  • Sajal
    encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 | Criminal law in India | An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to Criminal Procedure. | Citation | Act No. 2 of 1974 | Enacted by | Parliament of India | Date enacted | 25th January, 1974 | Committee report...
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  • NFO Criticisms
    Non-Fatal Offences Criticisms Essay The majority of non-fatal offences are included in the Offences Against the Person Act 1861 (OAPA) which was described by Professor JC Smith as ‘a rag bag of offences brought together from a variety of sources’. This view is widely shared throughout the legal...
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  • Offences Against the Person Criminal Law
    18, 20 and 47 under the Offences Against The Persons Act 1861, should be made. In addition, citation should be made to the Criminal Damage Act 1971 and apply the correct verdict where appropriate. Regarding the case above, section18 under the Offences Against the Persons Act should be briefly discussed...
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  • A2 OCR Law - Intention
    was brought against the appellants under section 1(1) and (3) of the Criminal Damage Act, which provides instruction on how to interpret recklessness. A conviction under these sections can find a person liable to imprisonment for life. Section 1 of the 1971 Act states: "1.  (1) A person who without...
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  • Strategic Management
    theft. Before we charge him for theft act, firstly we want to know about theft. The historical background of the theft is. The theft Act 1968 resulted from the efforts the criminal law revision committed to reform the English law of theft. The Larceny (theft) Act 1916 had codified the common law, including...
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  • Evidence Paper
    “Discuss the rule in R v Leatham [1861] 8 Cox. CC 498 and the validity of the rule in the context of recent developments in Kenyan Law” 1. Understand the case facts and decision, make a personal analysis. R v. Leatham (1861) 8 Cox CC. 498, 502 During an inquiry before a Commission appointed under...
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