Western Civilization was assaulted on several fronts including:
The Black Death (1348-1352)
The Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) between France and England
Schism in the Catholic Church (1378-1417)
Invasions by the Turks
Amidst this mayhem, scholars began to criticize medieval assumptions about the...
Background Concept I: The Three "Estates"
In feudal times, medievalsocietywas viewed as being made up of three categories of peoples, or "estates" (from the Latin word "status"): the Clergy (those that prayed = the First Estate), the Nobility (those that fought = the Second Estate), and the peasantry...
illustrates the cultural, economic, religious, and educational setting of the time. One such era is the Middle Ages or Medieval Period. This period that dates from around 850-1400, was defined by the “Italian Renaissance humanist, Francesco Petrarch, who coined the term Middle Ages to describe the period...
The Three Orders
Changing Cultural Traditions
Confrontation of Cultures
E have seen how, by the ninth century, large parts
of Asia and America witnessed the growth and
expansion of great empires...
FROM THE FALL OF ROME TO THE RENAISSANCE
A BACKGROUND READING LINKING CLASSICAL TO MODERN TIMES From approximately 200 B.C. to 476 A.D., the "civilized" areas of Europe and the Near East were dominated, ruled, and imprinted with a lasting influence from the Roman Empire. At its greatest...
subsidies and tariffs respectively. The theory dominated Western European economic policies from the 16th to the late-18th century.
Mercantilism was the dominant school of thought in Europe throughout the late Renaissance and early modern period (from the 15th-18th century). Mercantilism encouraged...
from disorder to order, chaos to harmony, this book will contend that headway towards order was made, and that by 1720 Europe in most respects was in a healthier condition than in 1600. Pre-industrial Europe was vulnerable to the vicissitudes of nature to an extent inconceivable today, and the unfavourable...
our basic assumptions of life.
8. Although the particulars of culture differ from one group of people to another, culture itself is universal. That is, all people have culture. There are no exceptions. A society cannot exist without developing shared, learned ways of dealing with the demands of life...
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION (1789-1799)
The French Revolution was a watershed event that changed Europe irrevocably and ended a century of slowly increasing opposition to absolutism and the supremacy of a decadent aristocracy. The causes of the French Revolution are difficult to pin down. Therefore, we will...
Roles and Lifestyle of Aristocrats 4
Roles and Lifestyle of Peasants 6
Roles and Lifestyle of Townspeople 8
Differences between Lifestyle of Aristocrats, Peasants and Townspeople 10
Summary about Aristocrats, Peasants and Townspeople 11
The French society went through a huge transformation from aristocratic, feudal and religious to a liberal political society. The old mentalities about hierarchy and tradition turned into new Enlightenment principles about civil rights and citizenship. The beginning of the revolution was marked with...
impact on Europe's late medieval economy, society, and culture.
Evaluate the relative importance of economic and political causes of the Hundred Years' War.
Compare and contrast the consequences of the Hundred Years' War on England and France.
Analyze the impact of late medieval political, economic,...
Medievalsocietywasdivided into threegroupsknown as the “ThreeEstates” (the Church, the Nobility, and the Peasantry). Follow this analogy by placing contemporary western society into threegroups (or three modern “estates”). Name what these modern estates would be and describe what they would look...
Type of social hierarchy that is divided into three "estates" or social classes.
The first estatewas comprised of the clergy that made up 0.6% of the population. The first estate had a wide scope of powers and owned 10-15% of the land. Although the clergy possessed much land and...
its aftermath on the French nation was overall positive for the French people. There were several contributing factors to the beginning of this revolution and even though theorists have divergent opinions on the factors that started the rebellion, there are three widely accepted causes: financial status...
10th February 2014
Chaucer And Estate Satire
The meanings of the word “estate” defined by the Middle English Dictionary is ‘a class of persons, especially a social rank or a political class or group; also a member of particular class or rank’. The idea of the "estates" is important to the social structure...
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about medieval Europe. For a global history of the period between the 5th and 15th centuries, see Postclassical Era. For other uses, see Middle Ages (disambiguation).
"Mathilda Cross" made for Mathilda, Abbess of Essen, 973–1011...
Please read about the new changes
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about medieval Europe. For a global history of the period between the 5th and 15th centuries, see Postclassical Era. For other uses, see Middle Ages (disambiguation)...
The flowering of Medieval Civilizations
Cultural Developments: in the 12th and early 13th century, education was revolutionized, the
Bureaucratization of monarchies was introduced, the commercial transactions in cities, and the development of church and civil law as society became wealthier...
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