How important are social and cultural factors as predictors of youth offending?
Throughout this essay, I am going to be looking at the topic of youth offending. I will be looking at what factors can be used as the predictors for youth offending and in particular I will be researching into how imp
Emile Durkheim, a French psychologist writes in the latter part of the eighteenth century and early part of the nineteenth century. He undertakes a functionalist/ structural perspective when applying theory to understand the world; he views society as a system of interrelated parts with widespread c
The presence of gangs in society is not a new phenomenon, as gangs have existed in numerous societies throughout time and presently can be found in any major city. Many theories exist trying to explain what leads to the creation of gangs and the factors that make individuals join such social groups.
Discuss how Robert Merton’s strain theory fits into the functionalist theory of deviance and crime. Critically evaluate strain theory and the functionalist theory of deviance and crime from the perspective of conflict, feminist and symbolic interactionist theories.
The functionalist theory of d
In assessing the usefulness of subcultural theories it is first important to understand what subcultural theories are. They are an explanation of deviance in terms of the subculture of a social group arguing that certain groups develop norms and values which are to some extent different from those h
Crime and Deviance
Are we a product of our environment or is the environment a product of what we are? Human beings are at risk of committing crime if given the circumstances. Therefore, we must consider that an individual can become deviant in order to acquire certain societal goals. Other indiv
Imagine a ‘society of saints’, without crime, a notion put forward by Emile Durkheim a historical theorist who argued that this concept is unattainable within society. Social control is and has been present in all societies, organized groups, and cultures since the beginning of time. There are m
Functionalism is a consensus structuralist theory, which sees the source of crime and deviance located in the structure of society. Although crime and deviance might be stigmatised in society, some sociologist think it is important to have it occur and there are some benefits to it.
In the aspect of gender, deviance can be considered as a most men’s activity. The factors that contribute to the low rate of deviance among women are socialization, social control and deviant opportunity. Almost all the institution women are socialize and taught to be less aggressive than males. H
Critically discuss three sociological approaches to explaining crime?
One of the most predominant areas of study in sociology is in the explanation of crime and deviance in society. Criminal acts are those which violate established formal laws, whereas deviance refers to the breaking of social no
In order to answer the question, the terms Crime & Deviance must firstly be defined. Crime is an act against the Law (robbery, murder etc), thus the act is known as illegal, whereas Deviance is an act that is not against the Law but an act seen as ‘abnormal’ and going against the norms & values
Women have been commonly stereotyped as loving, nurturing and compassionate people. Female offenses, over the past century, have been on the rise (Wormer, 2010). The battle for gender equality might play an important role in this phenomenon. Female offenders started to increase in numbers during the
The "Mafia" is alive and well in Canadian society. Many people in society are intrigued by this group of deviants and due to societies glorification of the Mafia some may argue whether or not the Mafia is even deviant at all. However one just needs to read the article "Montreal godfather murder déj
There are many reasons that propose why working class cultures are linked to crime, which are viewed in various ways by many theorists. Statistics suggest that working class people commit the most crime and are most likely to be victims of crimes.
In the 1980’s there was a general concern of the
Gangs are very dangerous to be involved in. Not only can being involved in a gang ruin one’s life, it can also take one’s life at an early age. Crime in the world is a serious issue. In the article, “Ex-Birmingham gang member lifts lid on street crime,” the 19-year-old Birmingham
Examine the role of access to opportunity structures in causing crime and deviance.
Opportunity structures can be described as a factor, situation or pathway which can lead towards or away from deviant or criminal behaviour, for example if someone does not gain access to the legitimate opportunit
There are many different factors that have to be considered when examining the role of access to opportunity structures in causing crime and deviance. Merton’s ‘Strain theory and anomie’ argues that deviance arises from the structure of society and that unequal access to legitimate opportunity
Scholars have supported classical theory as the best descriptive model of crime. This paper makes a comparison to different theories of crime in comparison with the classical theory of crime with intent to arrive at a position in support or against the stance of these other scholars, that classical
According to Dryfoos, Juvenile delinquency generally refers to behavior of youth that violate the social norms, like commit socially unacceptable behavior and the criminal acts. According to juvenile delinquency ordinance, juvenile delinquency applies to those whose aged between 7- 20.
Assess the usefulness of subcultural theory in understanding crime and deviance.
Subcultural theory is strongly tied to functionalism but also has its links to Marxism.
Subcultural theory seeks to explain deviance in terms of ‘the group’ they argue that groups form and develop their own norm