• Judicial Reforms of Lord Cornwallis
    Lord Cornwallis assumed the role of Governor-General of the Company in 1786 and continued till 1793. He was directed to take up three specific matters, one of them being reforms of the judicial system. The other tasks were resolving the problem of land revenue and improvement in the administrative...
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  • Unitary Govt.-Case Study of Uk
    judicial powers to the company's revenue collectors, who already also served as civil magistrates? He also required them to report regularly on detention times and sentences given. JUDICIAL PLAN OF 1790 Criminal Justice system – In 1790 Cornwallis tried to reform the criminal justice system which...
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  • Land Law in Colonial India
    suits for small sums. Each district had a civil court, called the Diwani Adalat, and apex of the system was the Sadar Diwani Adalat. An important feature of Cornwallisreforms was that Indians were excluded from higher levels of the judiciary, on the grounds that they were more corruptible.1...
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  • legal system
    apprehending criminals, Judges of the Mofussil Diwani Adalats were authorised to work as Magistrates and a department headed by the Remembrance of criminal Courts was opened to look after the working of the said courts.  The Governor –General Lord Cornwallis (1786-1793) introduced changes in the judicial...
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  • American Revolution
    1780-1789 1781- British General Cornwallis surrenders to George Washington at Yorktown, Virginia, ending the fighting in the American Revolution. * On October 19, 1781, a French military force commanded by the Comte de Rochambeau, and the Continental Army commanded by George Washington...
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  • British Colonial State
    exigencies influenced the abolition of the company's trade in 1833 and the Indian market was opened to British industrial manufactures. Thus it became necessary to introduce reforms in administration and decree fresh laws in the changed scenario of the arrival of an increasing number of European...
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  • Criminal Justice Trends Paper
    ) proclaimed ("The greatest judicial pressure for police reform and professionalization came with the controversial decisions defining criminal defendants' rights during the Warren era."). Rehabilitation programs became a valuable resource and alternative to incarceration in many criminal cases which...
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  • Administrative Structure of Bangladesh
    Lord Cornwallis lost viability under the changed circumstances. To sustain the empire, native elements had to be accommodated. The Sepoy revolt of 1857 made the desirable reform imperative. The next half-a-century of colonial rule had witnessed massive changes in the method of colonial...
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  • Imperialism Through the British Empire
    mostly remembered for surrendering to the Americans and French at Yorktown in 1781, his military career did not end in disgrace, but finished in India. “Public opinion, however, seems again coming round in its favour, both in India and in England. With the revenue reform, others of a judicial nature...
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  • Chapter 21 Notes
    The Enlightenment and the Old Order -Enlightenment- philosophical movement in 18th century Europe that fostered the belief that one could reform society by discovering rational laws that governed social behavior and were just as scientific as the laws of physics -applied ideas of Scientific...
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  • American Revolution Essay 1
    fleet attacked the British navy in Chesapeake Bay. After defeating the British Navy, French Admiral de Grass positioned his fleet and began bombarding the forts with Cornwallis and his troops. • Cornwallis was trapped between the American army and the French navy. By mid-October, Cornwallis was...
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  • Us Summer
    1)The States United a)Defining American War Aims i)2nd Continental Congress (CC) agreed to support war, disagreed on purpose. One group led by John and Sam Adams favored full independence, others wanted modest reforms in imperial relationship. Most sought middle ground ii)“Olive Branch Petition...
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  • Review Us
    community regarded as a whole Political-relating to civil administration or government Compact-a formal document such as a treaty Immigrant-people who came to an area from a foreign place Puritan-Protestants who, during the 1600s, wanted to reform the Anglican Church Pilgrim-Separatists who...
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  • Ethical Issues in Indian Civil Services
    administration to keep the administrative and judicial system going. It created a class of people who were ‘black in colour but European in thought’. All attempts of reforms were aimed at perpetuating the existing system, rather than altering it in anyway. However, they created a new set of officers who not...
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  • Judicial Administration of British India Uptill 1790
    Governor –General Lord Cornwallis (1786-1793) introduced changes in the judicial system in 1787, 1790, and 1793. He had thoroughly reorganized the civil and criminal judicial system in India in Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa. He for the first time introduced the principle of administration according to law...
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  • Study Guide
    musket-bearing "Minute Men" swarmed around Boston, thehre to coop up the outnumbered British Yorktown where Cornwallis was forced to surrender his entire force of seven thousand men on October 19, 1781 to Washington and de Grasse Saratoga where Burgoyne was forced to surrender his entire command on...
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  • History of India
    Cornwallis laid the foundation for the present Indian constitution. He also brought about judicial reforms by replacing the Shariat law with the English law. William Bentick abolished evil practices prevailing in the Indian society like Sati and female infanticide and introduced modern western...
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  • Corruption
    then ‘return home before his constitution suffered from the heat, to marry a peer’s daughter, buy a rotten borough in Cornwall and give balls at St. James’ Square’ (Smith 1958). The arrival of Lord Cornwallis in India as governor general in 1786 brought a turning point in the Company’s rules...
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  • Apwh Through the Centuries
    stages, and that the education he receives should be coordinated to those stages. Finally, he believed that woman is meant to be a help-mate to man. · Montesquieu -he thought of the 3 branches of government. legislative, judicial, and executive European Expansion (1400’s) · Reason · To find...
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  • Apush Midterm Review
    European settlement in New England, founded by the Pilgrim Fathers aboard the Mayflower. Puritanism-Belief that Catholic church was completely corrupt and wanted to reform even more. Supported Church of England Road to Revolution: Boston Massacre-a riot in Boston (March 5, 1770) arising from the...
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