• Judicial Reforms of Lord Cornwallis
    Lord Cornwallis assumed the role of Governor-General of the Company in 1786 and continued till 1793. He was directed to take up three specific matters, one of them being reforms of the judicial system. The other tasks were resolving the problem of land revenue and improvement in the administrative m
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  • Judicial Reforms
    Why Judicial Reforms Judicial reforms are the need of the Day in the Country. And the Reforms in the Family courts are even more urgent. A person can continue living a “normal” even if faced with criminal matter or been victim of crime in any fashion be it robbery or assault. However when faced
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  • Judicial Reforms
    “Equal justice under the law is not merely a caption on the façade of the Supreme Court building; it is perhaps the most inspiring idea of our society. It is one of the ends for which our entire legal system existed. It is fundamental that justice should be the same, in substance and availability
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  • Judicial Reforms
    We all know this universal rule that there is nothing constant in this world except change. The only difference could be the speed at which the wheels of transformation may spin. The idea of justice and the manner of its implementation are no exception to this universal rule. Judicial reforms sho
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  • Judicial Institutions and Case Management Systems
    JUDICIAL INSTITUTIONS AND CASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Paiker Ismat Fatmi( With the augment in globalization many countries in the world are undertaking legal and judicial reforms as part of their overall development programme. The judiciary has been
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  • Prison Reforms in Pakistan
    REFORMING PAKISTAN’S PRISON SYSTEM Asia Report N°212 – 12 October 2011 TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS ....................................................... i I.  INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................
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  • Administrative Reforms Commisssion
    3 THIRD REPORT SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE REFORMS COMMISSION CRISIS MANAGEMENT CRISIS MANAGEMENT From Despair to Hope From Despair to Hope Second Administrative Reforms Commission Government of India 2nd Floor, Vigyan Bhawan Annexe, Maulana Azad Road, New Delhi 110 011 e-mail : arcommiss
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  • Alexander Ii Reforms
    Alexander II (1855-1881): Liberal and Reformist * Emancipated the Surfs in 1861 * Gentry surfs were freed, but not state surfs. * Surfs were put in mirs that they could not leave. * Mir= A collection of peasants that live in a village and work the land together. *
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  • Effects of Reforms on Performance of Secretaries
    EFFECTS OF REFORMS IN THE JUDICIARY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF SECRETARIES: CASE STUDY OF NAKURU LAW COURTS A PROPOSAL SUBMITTED TO THE KENYA NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF HIGHER DIPLOMA IN SECRETARIAL MANAGEMENT 1.0 Overview This
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  • The Judicial Department
    The Judicial Department Introduction Judicial power rests with the Supreme Court and the lower courts, as established by law (Art. VIII, sec. 1 of the 1987 Constitution). Its duty is to settle actual controversies involving rights which are legally demandable and enforceable (Art. VIII...
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  • Judicial Affidavit Rule: Three Reforms to Speed Up Justice
    Judicial Affidavit Rule: Three reforms to speed up justice To speed up the delivery of justice, three significant reforms were instituted recently: (1) the “Judicial Affidavit Rule,” (2) the filling up of all judicial vacancies, and (3) the stabilization of judicial compensation. Judicial
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  • Anti-Terrorism Immigration Reforms
    As a somewhat belated reaction to the February 26, 1993, bombing of the World Trade Center, Congress passed very enforcement-minded immigration legislation three years later called the "Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA) of 1996." President Clinton signed the "anti-terrorism" imm
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  • Strengthening Judicial Independence Whilst Eliminating Judicial Impunity: a Promising Paradox
    The Constitutional Reform Act of 2005 rides on the crescent wave of voices and policies in the European community that seek to uphold the primacy of human rights and due process, particularly when made vulnerable by antiquated state structures and legal institutions. The clear trend has been to favo
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  • A Critical Appraisal of the Components of Taxation in Nigeria and Proposals for Law Reforms
    INTRODUCTION Tax has been variously defined over the years. These definitions, when looked at as a whole gives a more comprehensive picture of the phenomenon as opposed to a single definition. According to the Oxford English Dictionary the word ‘tax' refers to a compulsory contribution to the su
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  • French Judicial System
    The French Legal System The French judicial system has developed through many stages during the nation’s history, and is deeply rooted in three major influences of the King, the people, and the outside. The first judicial system, a Private Reaction system, was established at the founding of Fra
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  • Judicial Activism in Pakistan
    Judicial Activism in Pakistan Judicial Activism: Social change effected by judicial decree. The doctrine that the judicial branch especially the federal courts, may interpret the constitution by deviating from legal precedent as a means of effecting legal and social change. Judicial activism
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  • Kelo vs New London: Judicial Activism or Restraint?
    Kelo VS New London: Judicial Activism or Restraint? In the subject of Kelo versus the city of New London, the governmental taking of property, also known as ‘eminent domain’ came under fire by both sides on the issue, and for excellent reason. Kelo is a very recent case in which the Sup
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  • Judicial Reform in China
    The People’s Republic of China (PRC) has, in recent decades, been subject to many changes as a result of the rapidly developing economy . A necessary consequence of such development, in combination with its historical development, is the progression of the legal system to a more sophisticated lev
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  • Aspects of Economic Reforms in the Nigerian Fourth Republic
    ASPECTS OF ECONOMIC REFORMS IN THE NIGERIAN FOURTH REPUBLIC BY ADEBAYO, A. ADEKUNLE E-mail : mayowa2000ng@yahoo.com & YUSUF M.0 (MRS) DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS MICHAEL OTEDOLA COLLEGE OF PRIMARY EDUCATION, NOFORIJA, P.M.B. 1028, EPE, LAGOS STATE,
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  • Need for Decentralisation of Judicial Process
    NEED FOR DECENTRALISATION OF JUDICIAL PROCESS Fifty years after independence, the entire judicial system is on the verge of collapse. While the superior courts have earned praise from citizens for intervening in citizen’s concerns raised through public interest petitions, only those with resour
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