the reactants and products (water, carbon dioxide, glucose and oxygen) of both pathways.
â€¢Include a description of howenergy is transferredfromsunlight to ATP, fromATP to sugars, and fromsugars to yourcells.
Photosynthesis is the process whereby plants utilize C02, H2O and Sunlight to...
products (water, carbon dioxide, glucose and oxygen) of both pathways.
•Include a description of howenergy is transferredfromsunlight to ATP, fromATP to sugars, and fromsugars to yourcells.
2. In the absence of oxygen some cells and organisms can use glycolysis coupled to fermentation to produce...
. Figure 10 shows how the cell recycles ATP.
energy for anabolic processes (hydrolysis)
ATP ADP + Pi + 31 kJ/mol*
energyfrom catabolic processes
Cellular recycling of ATP
( 31kJ/mol is the theoretical ������G value)
oxidation a chemical reaction in which an atom...
which moves from the chloroplast into the cytosol (the cytoplasm of the cell). Here the molecules in a series of reactions build the final product, sucrose. Not all of the PGAL migrates into the cytosol, however. Some remains in the chloroplast where it is converted into starch as an energy reserve...
ATP is adenosine triphosphate and is responsible for string much of the energy released from
o It is the body’s energy transport molecule.
o All cells depend on the potential energy in ATP to power their activities.
o Coupled reactions are simultaneous reactions in which one...
key to understanding how the living cell works. Bioenergetics is the study of how organisms manage their energy resources.
Energy is the capacity to do work. Energy exists in various forms, and cells transform energyfrom one type into another.
Kinetic energy is the energy associated with the...
o Other cells allow small molecules carrying chemical signals to pass directly from one cell to the next.
o To respond to a chemical signal, a cell must have a receptor to which the signaling molecule can bind.
Energy and Life:
• Adenosine triphosphate (ATP...
) get their energyfrom other organisms
3. Identify some uses for energy.
4. Describe the sources of energy and their significance.
The sun = ultimate source of all energy; an initial source of energy is food; useable source is ATP (for cells)
5. Explain howATP is created and broken down...
compounds? As we will see, they have an important role to play in the cell: They provide the energy to build energy-containing sugarsfrom low-energy compounds.
The Calvin Cycle
The ATP and NADPH formed by the light-dependent reactions contain an abundance of chemical energy, but they are...
energy to live. Then animals eat the plants for energy and then release the energy stored in the plants through respiration.
• What is the role of the light reactions? Include the reactants and the products. Where does it occur?
to use energy carrying molecules NADPH and ATPfromsunlight...
sunlight to turn inorganic materials into organic *however, most of the energy available fromsunlight is not used. Only a small % is used*
Chemosynthetic – do not use light energy, but chemical energy to turn inorganic materials into organic
3. Describe the location and structure of the...
) + energy (fromATP) > C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6 H₂O
Glucose (C₆H₁₂O₆) 6 H₂O
Carbon Reduction in C3 Plants (The Calvin Cycle)
» » » Carbon fixation: carbon moved from being in a form of free gas (CO₂) to being secured within glucose Occurs mostly in mesophyll cells C3 plants are your common...
(simple), starch (complex)
* Monosaccharides: one sugar, monomer of carb, makes atp (quick energy), Chemical formula (c6h1206), examples: glucose (blood sugar), fructose (fruit sugar), Galactose
Disaccharides: two sugars, breaks apart to get monosaccharide for ATP, Formula (c12h22o11...
that helps move the cell along
Food vacuole- sac that buds from the plasma membrane to help the lysosome release enzymes that digest the food molecules that provides energy to the cell.
Cellular respiration- conversion of the energy stored in food molecules to energy stored in ATP. Glucose is...
regenerated RuBP is used to start the Calvin cycle all over again.
We have seen how plants convert sunlight into sugars. Now we need to understand howcells can use the products of photosynthesis to obtain energy. There are several possible metabolic pathways by which cells can obtain the energy stored...
|The sugar glucose (C6H12O6) is the major source of energy for your body’s cells. What is the general equation that describes the |C6H12O6 + O2 ( CO2 + H2O + energy |
|process of cellular respiration...
. pigments. ____ 60. Photosynthesis uses sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into a. oxygen. b. high-energysugars and starches. c. ATP and oxygen. d. oxygen and high-energysugars and starches. ____ 61. Most plants appear green because chlorophyll a. does not absorb green light. c. b. reflects...
cytoplasm of all organisms. The process converts one molecule of glucose into two molecules of pyruvate, and makes energy in the form of two molecules of ATP. During the final phase of glycolysis, four phosphate groups are transferred to ADP by to make four ATP. When the triose sugars are oxidized two...
Small extensions fromcells used to move the cell or move fluid around the cell
Waste and water storage; enlarged in plants
Converts energyfromsunlight into food molecules
Fluid found inside cells
Bacterial structure used to attach to surfaces...
the physiological mechanisms that require energy for operation obtain it directly from the stored ATP. (Guyton) As food in the cells is gradually oxidized, the released energy is used to re-form the ATP so that the cell always maintains a supply of this essential molecule. Karp quotes an estimate that...