• Sociology Education Notes
    official statistics such as the British Crime Survey are less representative Validity – Do official statistics claim what they actually measure? Crime statistics probably under-estimate the levels of crime compared to child birth Positivism and Interpretivism Ideology Positivists see official...
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  • Crime and the Media
    Sacco and Kennedy present some aspects of crime news in a different way than Chermak, these differences highlight areas that may require further investigation. As previously stated, the media serves a purpose within society however it must be acknowledged and understood on a larger scale that the images and “facts” portrayed are not always what they seem....
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  • Has Criminology Been Gender Blinded
    Zimmerman (1987) which states that gender is maintained through everyday interaction and that male criminality may in fact be a subconscious masculine trait and an accecptable way to convey toughness (Jones 1998: 291). Messerschmidt also found that Masculine-validating via crime occurred when traditional...
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  • Restorative and Restitutive Systems of Justice
    T.B.T JOHN 200903179 SOC127: INTRODUCTION TO PENOLOGY TERM PAPER CAN RESTORATIVE JUSTICE REPLACE THE EXISTING SYSTEMS OF JUSTICE? What is Restorative Justice ? Restorative justice is a way of thinking about crime and conflict. It is not a particular practice or type of program, but rather...
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  • Increase of Women in Juvenile Detention System
    this. When looking at child abuse for example, ‘delinquent girls report being exposed to child abuse at a much higher rate than boys and may have a more pronounced reaction to child abuse due to differences in the way that they cope with the stress of being abused.’ (“Adolescent Offenders with...
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  • Unit 4 Notes
    where white collar crime is possible, and many public spaces have greater danger and difficulty for women than for men. Lees has shown how what teenage girls can do is constrained by the negative labels they can acquire among peers by transgressing even in small ways. Why then do some women...
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  • Health and Social Care Unit 19
    inequalities on groups in society. Finally I will evaluate the impact of social inequalities in society. P1 We live in a society that is very unequal, in a way that people get treated differently depending on their social class, race or gender. Social inequality means the situation in which...
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  • Criminology Class Notes
    disproportionate amount of Part II arrests. What do data indicate? Data may reflect true racial differences in the crime rate. Data may reflect bias in the justice process. Monitoring the Future and other self-report data find little evidence of racial disparity in crimes committed...
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  • Sociology A2 Exam on Crime and Deviance
    more likely to be convicted of homicide Do women commit more crime? There have been questions raised whether official stats give us a true picture of the extent of gender differences in crime. Some sociologists argue that official statistics underestimate female offending. Two arguments have...
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  • Crime and Deviance Revision Pack
    white collar crime is possible, and many public spaces have greater danger and difficulty for women than for men. Lees has shown how what teenage girls can do is constrained by the negative labels they can acquire among peers by transgressing even in small ways. Why then do some women commit...
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  • Race and Empathy; Understanding Incarceration Disparities
    remains a long way to go. Often scholars fail to distinguish between racial differences in criminal participation, real bias or discrimination, and disparate effects of attempted race-neutral reforms (Frase 2013). Specifically, many authors treat actual bias the same as they do disparate effects of race...
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  • Agression Essay
    towards the things and are quite opposite to the personality A type people. Due to the calm nature these people don’t get angry often so aggression is not a part of there life. But they do get aggressive in certain conditions. • Gender There are gender differences in the display of...
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  • Sociology
    ), the attitudes of the teachers who had labelled them as non academic and the peer pressure they felt to conform to the fellow classmates. Willis argued this was evidence of behaviour being controlled in a variety of ways. 3. How do we measure crime? What is the usefulness of official crime...
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  • Homicide Study Notes
    urban areas • Shaw and McKay – regardless of who lives in the transitional zone of the city this zone has higher delinquency and crime rates; found significant changes in the population of the transitional zone o The structural conditions of where they lived is what affected their criminal...
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  • police public relationship in Bangladesh
    ? Do citizens’ standards and priorities change as the context changes? What influence do police public relations campaigns have on the public’s image of the police? Which kinds of efforts are most successful? How closely correlated are objective measures of police performance (e.g., crime rates) to...
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  • Short and Long Answers
    depression: treatment outcomes and neural mechanisms. Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 9, 788-796. Question 9: In the article Jacklin (1989) reviews some of the previous research associated with gender during children’s development (e.g., differences between boys and girls as they grow). What does more...
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  • Factors Affecting Buying Behavior of an Apartment an Empirical Investigation in Amman, Jordan
    situ in order to minimize the environmental impact of the new building, the process of materials selection, and the form construction are outlined. Local tax rates, crime rate, parks, education level, median income, median age, capturing the features of the socioeconomic environment...
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  • One Child Policy in China
    sharply, and China's female suicide rate is five times the world average. (Bauer, pg 16) The disproportion of the gender demographics in China have definitely helped shape a new way of life and culture in present day China. If nothing is done to stop the occurrence of the missing women in China...
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  • The Death Penalty
    applied unfairly -- that members of certain minority groups are more likely to receive the death penalty than others convicted of the same crimes, or that the arbitrary differences in trial procedures, judges, and jurisdictions and family impact statements can make a difference in who receives the...
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  • What are the types of the crimes of the powerful?
    penalty in comparison to the crime committed, such as alternative sentencing – probation, rehabilitation- or by "buying their way out" of prison by paying a fine or restitution. The problem with this is that many do not learn from their mistakes as they often get away easily with no strict law enforced...
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