• Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Trade Regimes
    consistent with the Bhagwati hypothesis. However, the result of the pre-crisis model (1970-1996) is consistent with the Bhagwati hypothesis, that is, other things being equal, the growth impact of FDI tends to be greater under an export promotion (EP) trade regime compared to an import-substitution (IS...
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  • Airpork
    it was actually the urgent substitution of pork meat from Malaysia - major export market of pork to Singapore - due to the outbreak of the "Nipah" virus. To minimise and step-by-step eliminate the vulnerability of being substituted by other potential import markets, a massive marketing campaign...
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  • Popular Research On China Dust-collecting Equipment Market Report, 2014-2018
    Downstream Of Dust-collecting Equipment Industry 6.1 Upstream Raw Materials 6.1.1 Steel 6.1.2 Filter Materials 6.2 Downstream Application Field 6.2.1 Thermal Power Industry 6.2.2 Cement Industry 6.2.3 Waste Incineration Industry 6.2.4 Iron And Steel Industry 7. Import And Export Statistics Of...
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  • Exports
    development as well as essential products. Hence, the urgency of earning Foreign Exchange through expanding exports was not there and because of the large size of domestic market in India ‘ Import substitution’ rather than ‘export promotion’ was considered as a more useful strategy for India’s...
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  • BALANCE OF PAYMENTS
    BALANCE OF PAYMENT: 1. CURRENT ACCOUNT: current account deals with the movement of exports and imports of goods and services. Merchandise may be private or government .It is the major item of the current account. Items of current account are as under: A Exports and imports of visible items i.e...
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  • “Globalisation and Small
    import substitution policy’ to ‘export promotion policy’. The government of India started off with the globalization and liberalization of the Indian economic policy . The incoming of the multinational companies into India made the large scale industries of India go in for technical advancements...
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  • Dvs Gcr
    , exploiting the potential for value addition and import substitution. The fisheries sector of Sri Lanka consists of three main subsectors, namely coastal; offshore and deep sea; and inland and aquaculture. These three subsectors employ around 250 000 active fishers and another 100 000 in support...
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  • Garments
    position of the clothing industry. The patterns of comparative advantage and hence the structure of exports and imports depend on stage of economic development (Balassa, 1979). A country's comparative advantage is expected to change as a result of changes in factor endowments, accumulation of human...
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  • India: Management of Foreign Exchange
    entry of multinationals. The external sector strategy since 1991, though gradual in approach, has shifted from import substitution to export promotion, with sufficiency of FER as an important element. As a result of measures initiated to liberalize capital inflows, India’s FER (mainly foreign...
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  • Notes on Ecla
    a time of rapid growth in both national populations and labor markets; By the 1950s the above became formalized in the policy known as IMPORT-SUBSTITUTION INDUSTRIALIZATION as theorized by the influential "Comision Economica para America Latina de las Naciones...
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  • Syllabus
    . Soft Ware Tech Parks India. 4. Export benefits: Duty drawback, advance authorization scheme, duty free import authorization, duty exemption entitlement scheme, export promotion capital goods (EPCG), duty entitlement pas book scheme, market development assistance, focus product, focus mktg, market...
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  • export management
    agriculture in economic development, policies for rural development UNIT-III International Aspects of Development (14) Trade strategies for development: export promotion versus import substitution, financing of balance of payments deficits, foreign direct investment and multinational...
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  • Export Import Documents
    Export Promotion Schemes. DUTY FREE IMPORT OF EMBELLISHMENTS FOR EXPORTS OF SYNTHETIC MADE-UPS 23. At present duty free import of embellishments is allowed against exports of Handloom made-ups, Cotton made-ups and Polyester made-ups. This facility will now be extended to the export of Synthetic...
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  • Balance of Payment
    currency, • Import of food grain, • New export promotion schemes. In 1950’spakistan started the policy o industrialization and import substitution. Besides this due to bad weather conditions and poor exports Pakistan was forced to devalue its currency to boost exports. Due to...
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  • Latin American Politics Study Guide
    of ISI Identify similarities and differences between economic models (logic of each model) Export-Import Model ISI: Import Substitution Industrialization Neoliberal Model -late 1800s early 1900s -export of raw materials, import of industrial/finished goods -large...
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  • A Path Towards Development
    of ISI in Latin America, however, successful exporting nations in East Asia also went through an era of import-substitution industrialization first, as part of a sequence leading to a successful export substitution and eventually reaching the status of “developed nations”. Some authors refer to...
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  • The Concept & Evolution of Developmental State
    achieve its goals through a set of instruments such as tax credits, breaks, subsidies, import controls, export promotion, and targeted and direct financial and credit policies instruments that belong to the realm of industrial, trade, and financial policy. Third, the degree and type of government...
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  • Currency
    intensity. The goal of self reliant growth was more a mirage than reality. Policy of open economy and export led growth strategy in South East Asia succeeded much more than the Indian policy of closed economy and import substitution. In 1990- 91, India adopted new economic policy of liberalization...
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  • Trade Fin
    ” sector. This policy not only underestimated the export possibilities but also the import intensity of the import substitution process itself (Rangarajan, 1993). 4.33 The need to correct the “anti-export” bias was gradually recognised and, in the 1970s, several export promotion measures were put in...
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  • Export-Import Overview of Bangladesh
    created an anti-export bias within Bangladesh economy. However, since 1980s the policy regime shifted toward export-promotion from import substitution. Tariff rates were reduced and quotas were also abolished gradually. Industrial and trade policy were focused to promote export. Financial...
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