• Parenting
    ). Maternal style is the term used to differentiate both species differences and individual differences in maternal behaviors toward older infants that reflect the balance between permissive and restrictive rearing (e.g., Hinde and Simpson, 1975). Maternal style in early infancy is reflected by how...
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  • Retailing
    Push, scream, or leave: how do consumers cope with crowded retail stores? Anita Whiting School of Business, Clayton State University, Morrow, Georgia, USA Abstract Purpose – The paper examines coping strategies that consumers use within crowded retail stores. Specifically, this study explores and...
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  • Parenting Style as Context: an Integrative Model
    parenting style were designed to capture the patterning of behaviors that defined these environments (e.g., Sears, Maccoby, & Levin, 1957; Whiting & Child, 1953). In these approaches, factor analysis might be used to identify control as a behavioral attribute underlying the pattern of correlations among...
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  • reflection
    years, studies have begun to explore the fields of cycle times and operations management, human resource development and product development strategy within the fast food industry (Lashley 1998; Pitta 2010; Whiting and Weckman 2004). This study provides case material for discussions of how queuing...
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  • To What Extent Has Child Development Been Seen as a Social Process?
    Wesley, S. (1782) quoted in Montgomery, 2003, p.63, cited in Woodhead, M. (2005), p.30 Whiting, B. B. and Whiting, J. W. M. (1975) cited in Woodhead, M. (2005), p.35 Woodhead, M. (1998) cited in Woodhead, M. (2005), p.31 Woodhead, M. (2005) ‘Children and development’, in Oates, J., Wood, C. and Grayson, A. (eds) Psychological Development and Early Childhood, Oxford, Blackwell/The Open University...
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  • Alternative Ways of Seeking Knowledge
    their desire for a standardized research process. Although the interpretivists have several general criteria, many specific criteria arise because ofthe differences among individual studies and theorists. In this section, we will discuss (1) Whiting et al.'s research and how it exemplifies...
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  • The Early Development of Gender Differences
    2006; Whiting & Edwards 1973, 1988). The psychologist Eleanor Maccoby (1998, 2002) has argued that this pattern of sex segregation plays a key role in the development of adult gender. Unfortunately the causes of sex segregation remain poorly of Gender Differences 87 understood...
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  • Does Socialization Matter?
    . Gender Role Development Gender is "the most fundamental of human categories" ( Banaji & Prentice, 1994, p. 315 ). The fact that gender differences in behavior are observable in every human culture that has been studied, and that male and female stereotypes are similar across cultures ( Williams...
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  • Development Theory
    of mother-infant interaction in the feeding situation. In J. A. Ambrose (Ed.), The functions of stimulation in early post-natal development. London: Academic Press, in press. Ainsworth, M. D. S., & Bell, S. M. Attachment, exploration, and separation: illustrated by the behavior of one-year-olds...
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  • Cultural Differences on Work Goals
    race and ethnicity”, American Psychologist, Vol. 63 No. 8, pp. 651-70. Podsakoff, N. P., Whiting, S. W., Podsakoff, P. M., & Blume, B. D. (2009). Individual-and organizational-level consequences of organizational citizenship behaviors: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(1), 122...
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  • Business
    defines niche markets, outlines the steps to evaluate an operation’s current strategic position, examines how a niche market focus might affect that position, and finally, sketches out the important components of a niche marketing plan. Essential elements of a niche marketing strategy to consider include...
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  • METHODOLOGICAL AND THEORETICAL ISSUES AND ADVANCEMENTS IN CROSS-CULTURAL RESEARCH
    induce us to encourage rather than discourage the discovery and delineation of cultural differences through such approaches. Much as we might like to be able to develop hypotheses regarding known differences in behavior and to test them, we have probably not yet reached that stage. Compared to...
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  • Political Dynasty
    hypotheses about attitudes and behavior. For example, in a research project during the 1980s, my associates and I used a combination of ethnography and survey research to study television’s behavioral effects in Brazil (see Kottak 1990a). Our most general research question was this: How has...
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  • mr pramode
    might examine how principalsand teachers classify students, how differentgroups of students define school or peer relationships,or how differentculturalgroupsdefine successin school. They would then explore how these specificmentalisticpatternsrelateto other culturalpatterns. would focus on a...
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  • Marketing
    optician. It helped us to get a better insight on the optician industry and also the differences between franchise and niche opticians on aspects like the selling process and strategies that are being used for relationship management. It also gave us the breakthrough for our consulting product, that...
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  • marketing strategy
    differences between sales and market orientation What is the org’s focus? What business are you in To whom the product is directed What is your primary goal How do seek to achieve your goal? Sales orientation Inward on the org’s needs Selling goods and services everyone Profits through...
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  • Christensen Abstract
    companies . 1. Large companies have expanded the diversity of their technology profiles’ bodies of understanding ‘, absorptive capacity enabling the firm to coordinate and benefit from external technical development in the supply chain, and to explore new opportunities outside the company. 2...
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  • Social Netw0Rking in the Web the 21st Century Communicates Today
    day- even though students and parents report few problem behaviors online. Social networks focused on supporting relationships between teachers and their students are now used for learning, educator professionals development and content sharing g. APPLICATION FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES The 1984...
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  • The Shopping Mall as Consumer Habitat
    role of purchase site to become a center for many possible activities. In the next step of the analysis, respondents were classified into habitat groups or niches based on differences in behavioral patterns. In forming these groups, participation scores on the four factors were used in a multi-step...
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  • Entrepeneurship resume
    risks of overconfidence? Entrepreneurial Motivations Objectives Understand how entrepreneurial motivation encompasses the factors by which goal-directed behavior is initiated, energized, and maintained Self-efficacy Cognitive motivation Tolerance for ambiguity Self-efficacy Defined as...
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