• The Darkness of the Middle Ages
    action that shame Christians today. Ideas such as killing people for a good cause, and possessing exclusive knowledge about God were allowed and widely accepted. One of the most influential people of the time that supported these concepts was Bernard of Clairvaux, a monk that was known for his preaching...
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  • The Knights Templar vs. the Davinci Code
    knowledge from various sources. Through research, actual facts regarding the power behind the Templars will be disclosed. This paper will also explore how and why the Knights Templar lost that power. Ultimately, we will see where the real power of the Templars came from versus the claims made in The DaVinci...
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  • Knights Templar
    sermon at Clermont resulted in thousands of Christian's ready to give their life for the cross. As a result of the Pope's powerful sermon, not only did the newly waged "holy war" attract the knightly class, but instead attracted both lower and upper classes together (knights/peasants). Unanticipated...
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  • Popular Piety
    and the decline of papal leadership all influenced how medieval people understood their place in Christianity, and how they expressed those feelings. This paper will examine how these developments influenced medieval piety, and will demonstrate how those influences are reflected in several medieval sources...
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  • Crusading Knight Orders [Templars, Hospitallers, Teutons, Holy Sepulchre]
    CRUSADING KNIGHT ORDERS INTRODUCTION A military order is a Christian order of knighthood that is founded for crusading, i.e. propagating and/or defending the faith (originally Catholic, or Orthodox, after the reformation sometimes Protestant), either in the Holy Land or against Islam (Reconquista)...
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  • Feudal Society in Champagne
    sworn duty was to protect pilgrims to the holy land and keep the routes safe for travel, also known as the Knights of the Temple. 2. Letter by Bernard of Clairvaux, in this letter he justifies the need for a "monastic military order" to protect the holy land and all pilgrims. He also writes this to show...
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  • Peter Abelard
    the Holy Trinity.” His renewed success eventually aroused the opposition of the mystic Bernard of Clairvaux, one of the most influential men in Christendom. Bernard preached against Abelard's teachings, especially how Abelard applied reason to matters of faith. Abelard wrote a book called "Expositio in...
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  • Their Eyes Were Watching God
    known as the devout, loyal, and famed monastic warriors of the crusades—the "white Knight's" of medieval Christendome.(3) This religious-military knighthood formed from the elite or nobility of Champagne or the Languedoc. The founding knights humbly appeared before King Baldwin of Jerusalem and asked...
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  • The Knights Templar
    on Friday, October 13, 1312. The High Templars were organized as a monastic order, following a rule created for them by their patron, Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, a member of the Cistercian Order. Each country had a Master of the Order for the Templars in that region, and all of them had to obey to the...
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  • Faith or Reason?
    new view on the faith and reason argument contradictory to both Abelard with his belief that faith should be based on human reason, and the Bernard of Clairvaux who argued that one should only need faith. Aquinas, in the Summa Theologiae, stated that, "Man should not seek to know what is above reason...
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  • Continental Carriers, Inc
    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Al-Zahir Baybars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Benjamin of Tudela. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Bernard of Clairvaux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Anna Comnena . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Eleanor of Aquitaine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Francis of...
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  • The Odyssey
    music for themselves and for special events. Guillaume was the innovator of that for many reasons. He came up with a whole new way of style that people did not use back then. One style that he brought the musical era was the control of dissonance. He used dissonances properly and appropriately instead of...
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  • The Knights Templar
    held it only briefly. In 1244, the KhwarezmiHYPERLINK "http://www.ask.com/wiki/Khwarezmian_Empire?qsrc=3044" Turks recaptured Jerusalem, and the city did not return to Western control until 1917 when the British captured it from the Ottoman Turks. The Templars were forced to relocate their headquarters...
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  • William of St.Thierry; an Exposition of the Book of Romans
    ON : WILLIAM OF ST. THIERRY How do I know if my source is a good source? Authority: Who is the author? What are credentials? Objectivity: Why was this article written? Is it scholarly? Persuasive? Currency: When was it written? Is it relevant today? Coverage: How in-depth is this material? Use...
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  • healing heart of democracy/ juggalo doc
    this the pack mentality persuading them to act out? If they are so free, why not act like this in your daily life? Palmer did an interview with YES magazine and discussed the idea of communities of congruence. In response to a question about the individual affecting a larger shift in society he replied...
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  • Christianity in Medievel Times
    Considering the entire period of the Middle Ages (500-1500), which was mightier, the word or the sword? In other words, did wars and violence or ideas, including religious, philosophical, literary ideas, have greater influence on the development of this time period. The history of mankind has been plagued with...
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  • Relationship with Gothic Architecture
    Creative tensions in medieval society and politics led to new ideas, such as those exchanged in the debates over faith and reason in the new universities. They also led to the rise of new religious orders and forms of spirituality. New ideas emerged in popular religion during the struggle between orthodox...
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  • Names and Totalitarianism in Brave New World
    choice” (page ). Essentially, Totalitarianism is shown by the usage of “Ford” by regulating the masses, as Henry Ford, a popular figure in history, once did using automobiles. With Henry Ford’s ideal used on humans, it easily turned into totalitarianism with usage of limitations (religion), restrictions (books...
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  • Crusades
    matched with that in the Muslim East. Muslim presence in the Holy Land goes back to the initial Arab conquest of Palestine in the 7th century. This did not interfere much with pilgrimage to Christian holy sites or the security of monasteries and Christian communities in the Holy Land of Christendom,...
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  • Muslim Attitudes to Crusaders
    thebeliefs Islam and verylittleaboutthe character cusof and tomsoftheSaracens. Whatlittle said in theearlier is accounts is A favorable. passagefrom Bernard Wisehas often the beenquoted, 'The Christians paganshave theresuchpeace between and them, thatifI shouldgo a journey, in thejourney camelor ass and...
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