Ratio, Vertical, and Horizontal Analyses Regina Stewart XACC/280 February 3, 2012 Jose Rodriguez... Ratio, Vertical, and Horizontal Analyses A detailed examination of the tools used in financial analysis, in addition to their various functions, is provided within this paper. The current ratio and calculations on the questions are provided herein. A variety of tools are used to assess the importance of financial data. Frequently used tools of financial statement analysis consist of horizontal...
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Ratio, Vertical, and Horizontal Analyses XACC/280 May 8, 2012 Analyzing... financial statements can help a company find out important financial information about itself and other competitors in the industry. There are three important tools that evaluate a company’s liquidity, profitability, and solvency. This information is relative to banks, creditors, and for internal gain. There are three commonly used tools to help investigate and generate the results using...
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Final Financial Analysis Axia College University of Phoenix Financial Analysis is very... important to the inner workings of a business. Keep track of financial statements, taxes, audits, and various other areas of financials will show how well a company has done, is doing, and how well it will do in the future. Seeing how well a company is doing into the future is important so they can see any mistakes and try to fix them before they become an issue and hinder the growth of the company. In this...
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Ratio, Vertical, and Horizontal Analyses Checkpoint Ashlee Kasica XACC/280 March 2, 2013 Brandi Zuber... Financial statement analysis is the process of examining relationships among financial statement elements and making comparisons with relevant information. There are a variety of tools used to evaluate significance of financial statement data. Three of the most commonly used tools are the ratio analysis, horizontal analysis, and vertical analysis (Weygandt, J. J., Kimmel...
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information contained in your selected organization’s balance sheet and income statement to calculate the following: Liquidity... ratios Current ratio Acid-test, or quick, ratio Receivables turnover Inventory turnover Profitability ratios Asset turnover Profit margin Return on assets Return on common stockholders’ equity Solvency ratios Debt to total assets Times interest earned Show your calculations for each ratio. Create a horizontal and vertical analysis for the balance sheet and the...
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figures, with its industry competitors, and even with successful businesses from other industries. To complete a thorough examination of your... company's effectiveness, however, I will calculate the statement of financial performance and statement of financial position, so I need to look at more than just easily attainable numbers like sales, profits, and total assets. I must be able to read between the lines of the financial statements and make the seemingly inconsequential numbers accessible and comprehensible...
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| 3. An examination of financial statements | 2 | 4.1 Vertical analysis 4.2... Horizontal analysis | 23 | 4. Key ratios analysis | 4 | 5. Share issues | 5 | 6. Conclusion | 5 | 7. Bibliography | 6 | Table of Appendixes 1. Income statement – Horizontal and vertical analysis | 2. Statement of financial position – Horizontal and vertical analysis | 3. Ratio analysis - Liquidity and Profitability | 4. Ratio analysis – Efficiency and Investment...
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job for an outsider to understand. By doing the financial statement analysis, it will help the analyst to understand the... performance of any company. The analysis of financial statement is a study of establishing meaningful relationship between various financial facts and figure given in financial statement. The basic financial statement included balance sheet and income statement which is the indicating device of profitability and financial soundness of business concern. Simple and valuable elements...
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Baderman Island Resort Financial Summary – Group C Jana Davis, Cat Capra, Liz McCaw, Elly Ponce, Raymond Robinson, Richard Rasmussen, Sam... Mason ACC/291 Principles of Accounting II July 14, 2012 Lori McKinney | Baderman Island Resort | Memo To: CEO of Baderman Island Resort From: Team C CC: Date: [ 7/16/2012 ] Re: Ratio Analysis Memo CEO of Baderman Island Resort, In the evaluation of liquidity ratios, the revenue from the income statement finds the Tenney at Night to be the...
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Ratio Analysis Ratio analysis is one of the techniques of financial... analysis where ratios are used as a yardstick for evaluating the financial condition and performance of a firm. Analysis and interpretation of various accounting ratios gives skilled and experienced analyst a better understanding of the financial condition and performance of the firm than what he could have obtained only through a perusal of financial statements. Types of ratio’s 1. Profitability ratio 2. Leverage ratio...
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Kudler CEO Financial Memo NAME ACC/291 Date Professor Kudler CEO Financial Memo The liquidity,... profitability, and solvency ratios reveal some interesting points about Kudler Fine Food’s financial position. The liquidity ratios revealed that during 2002 and 2003, Kudler was having no trouble paying short-term debt. However, the current and acid-test (quick) ratios showed that during 2003 Kudler had an excess amount of cash that they were not investing properly. These ratios also showed...
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Liquidity Ratios: Current Ratio = Current Assets/Current Liabilities Efficiency Ratios Asset... Turnover Ratio = Sales Revenue/ (Fixed Assets + Current Assets) Profitability Ratios Net Profit Margin = (Net Profit x 100) /Sales Revenue Return on Capital Employed = Net Profit (Operating Profit) x 100 (ROCE) Capital Employed Solvency Ratios Gearing Ratio = Total Liabilities/Shareholders Equity Investment Ratios Earnings per Share...
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Financial statement analysis (or financial analysis) is the process of reviewing and analyzing a... company's financial statements to make better economic decisions. These statements include the income statement, balance sheet, statement of cash flows, and a statement of retained earnings. Horizontal analysis (also known as trend analysis) is a financial statement analysis technique that shows changes in the amounts of corresponding financial statement items over a period of time. It is a useful tool...
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Financial Analysis for Pepsi and Coke Axia College of University of Phoenix... Comparing financial data from statements can help determine whether or not it is a sound decision to invest in a company. This information can also help determine if a company is operating successfully and areas of risk within the company. This analyzing can help one company compare itself to another company and ensure that they are able to compete with other companies...
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Intracompany Analysis: This basis compares an item or financial relationship within a company in the current year with the same... item or relationship in one or more prior years. To do so, the tool Horizontal analysis has been used here. The variables which have been selected for Horizontal Analysis are as follows: * Loans & Advances * Deposits * Interest Income * Fee Income/Commission * Provision * EPS * Net Income Beneath the analysis along with the findings are...
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accounting4management.com NP ratio is used to measure the overall profitability and hence it is very useful to proprietors.... The ratio is very useful as if the net profit is not sufficient, the firm shall not be able to achieve a satisfactory return on its investment. This ratio also indicates the firm's capacity to face adverse economic conditions such as price competition, low demand, etc. Obviously, higher the ratio the better is the profitability. But while interpreting the ratio it should be kept in...
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Running Head: Analysis Methods October 4, 2010 The Three Methods of Analysis The process of restating and summarizing... data by establishing ratios and trends is known as financial analysis. The analysis is carried on a company's financial as well as income statement. The main objective behind carrying out a financial analysis of a company is to know its current financial position and its returns compared to risks. Financial analysis also helps in future forecasting. Financial analysis has three...
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Ratio Analysis University of Phoenix HCS/571 Finance Resource Management Sept... 24, 2013Rosetta Stringfellow, MBA, BSRatio Analysis Ratio analysis is a widely used managerial tool that compares one number with another to gain insights that would not arise from looking at either of the numbers separately. Ratio analysis is used to examine and interpret the relationship between two numbers on a financial statement. This is done so that the managers...
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Pepsi Co. and Coca-Cola’s Vertical, Horizontal, and Ratio Analysis XACC/280 Submitted by: Lataikeii... Evans Date: April 8, 2011 Daneene Barton Arbitrating a company’s monetary physical stability inculpate their financial statements (income statements, balance sheets, and statement of cash flow). These statements must follow the GAAP standards. Sidewise from the statements that are involved in balancing a company or in my case comparing the financial stability of the two successful companies’...
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GROUP 1 REPORT FINANCIAL RATIOS Financial ratios are useful indicators of a firm’s performance and... financial situation. Most ratios can be calculated from information provided by the financial statements. Financial ratios can be used to analyze trends and to compare the firm’s financials to those of other firms. In some cases, ratio analysis can predict future bankruptcy. SOURCES OF DATA FOR FINANCIAL RATIOS Balance Sheet Income Statement Statement of Cash Flows Statement of Retained...
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ACCOUNTING 6000 FINANCIAL PAPER ANALYSIS Introduction: The structure of the paper will be as follows: First, the purpose... and objectives of the fnancial analysis will be streched out, and the target audience will be identified. Second, an initial review of the company that will be taken into consideration, "ABERCROMBIE & FITCH" will be conducted. Third, horizontal and vertical analyses with the help of the three major financial statements of the Abercrombie&Fitch Annual Report (Income Statement...
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Methods of Analysis ACC281 April 22, 2012 Methods of Analysis In this report, we will revisit and evaluate the... three methods of analysis: horizontal, vertical, and ratio. Next, we are to summarize each method, and discuss how the financial information is used to make a particular decision. Then, provide a scenario in a health care situation in which a given method of analysis might be used. I will explain each analysis beginning in order of the Horizontal Analysis with the Vertical...
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Section III: Financial Analysis—Ratio Analysis Profitability Ratios... When evaluating the company’s profitability, we pay attention to the following ratios which are commonly analyzed: Net Profit Margin, Accounts Receivables Turnover, Return on Assets and Return on Equity. From the tables and figures, all the ratios have increased over the past five years except for 2012. This means UPS is overall a healthy company and does a good job at generating profits. Net Profit Margin Ratio It measures...
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Your Course Project Financial Statement Analysis Project -- A Comparative Analysis of Oracle Corporation and... Microsoft Corporation Here is the link for the financial statements for Oracle Corporation for the fiscal year ending 2011. First, select 2011 using the drop-down arrow labeled for Year on the right-hand side of the page, and then select Annual Reports using the drop-down arrow labeled Filing Type on the left-hand side of the page. You should select the 10k dated 6/28/2011 and choose...
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Ratio Analysis Cynthia Nelson HCS/571 September 2 2013 Joseph Rudd Ratio Analysis... Financial ratio analysis is the calculation and comparison of ratios pulled from the information in a company’s financial statements (Cleverly & Song, 2011). The financial report is used by organization to determine the financial health and stability of an organization. The ratios analysis data are found on the business Profit and Loss Statement and the balance sheet (Loth, 2013). These financial documents provide...
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Ratio Analysis Paper Before beginning an analysis of a company it is necessary to have a complete set of... financial statements, preferably for the pas few years so that historical trends can be obtained. Ratios are a way for anyone to get an idea of the financial performance of a company by using the information contained in the financial statements. Ratios are grouped into four basic categories, liquidity, activity, profitability, and financial leverage. This document will use a variety of these...
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* Contents Page 1. Introduction p.g 2 2. Analysis 2.1 Liquidity p.g 2 2.2 Profitability p.g. 2 2.3... Operating Efficiency p.g. 3 2.4 Financial Stability p.g. 4 2.5 Analysing Shares as an investment p.g. 4 3. Conclusion p.g. 5 4. Recommendation p.g. 5 Introduction: This report provides investment advice based on a financial analysis of the food manufacturing companies, Worrnambool Cheese and Butter Factory Company Holdings Ltd. (WCB) and Select Harvests Ltd. (SHV)...
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Ratio Analysis Memo July 9, 2012 Memo To: From: Date: July 9, 2012 RE: Kudler Fine Foods ratio... analysis One of the things that we will be going over is some of the ratios for Kudler Fine Foods through Liquidity, Profitability, and solvency ratios. We will look into some of the finding that were found through these ratios and discuss them. One of the things that we found was where Kudler Fine Foods’ position is with these ratios. The first area that we look at is profitability...
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Profitability Ratios Profitability Ratios attempt to measure the firm's success in generating... income. These ratios reflect the combined effects of the firm's asset and debt management. Profit Margin The Profit Margin indicates the dollars in income that the firm earns on each dollar of sales. This ratio is calculated by dividing Net Income by Sales. Return on Assets (ROA) and Return on Equity (ROE) The Return on Assets Ratio indicates the dollars in income earned by the firm on its assets...
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Ratio, Vertical, and Horizontal Analyses Heather Wassell XACC/280 April 7, 2013 University of Phoenix... Ratio, Vertical, and Horizontal Analyses Financial statement analysis is the process of examining relationships among financial statement elements and making comparisons with relevant information. There are a variety of tools used to evaluate the significance of financial statement data. Three of the commonly used tools are the ratio analysis, horizontal analysis, and vertical analysis...
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Financial Analysis XXAC/280 Final Project Geetha Raja Labrisha Flott August 2013... Liquidity, Solvency and Profitability are the three aspects used to compare companies in a financial analysis. Their basic function is to reveal the stability of a company based on a comparison of at least two years of financial data with a company that sells products alike. The two companies must have similarities other than the products they sell; they must also be similar in...
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Method of Analysis December 23, 2013 “Financial statement... analysis should focus primarily on isolating information useful for making a particular decision” (Edmonds, 2010, pg. 324).The information required can take several forms. One form may be the comparison of product to product. Similar companies are compared to each other and key product over years. Horizontal analysis involves studying behavior in an individual financial statement over...
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Net | | |20,627 | | | |11,701 | | |... | | | | | | | | | |Other Assets: | | | | | | | | | |Identifiable intangibles, net of accumulated amortization of $354 and $147 at December 31, 2008 and| | |4,944 | | ...
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2.0 FINANCIAL RATIOS 2 Liquidity Ratios Liquidity... ratios measure a business' capacity to pay its debts as they come due. It also measures the cooperative’s ability to meet short-term obligations. Liquidity refers to the solvency of the firm’s overall financial position – the ease with which it can pay its bills. Because a common precursor to financial distress and bankruptcy is low or declining liquidity, these ratios can provide early signs of cash flow problems and impending...
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IMPORTANCE OF RATIO ANALYSIS Ratio analysis is a tool used by individuals to conduct a quantitative... analysis of information in a company's financial statements. Ratios are calculated from current year numbers and are then compared to previous years, other companies, the industry, or even the economy to judge the performance of the company. Ratio analysis is predominately used by proponents of fundamental analysis. The ratio analysis is one of the most important tools of financial analysis. The various...
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In finance Ratio analysis is carried out to judge the liquidity of the organization. It helps the analysts to find... if a company is capable enough to pay its liabilities. Moreover it also helps to show the operating efficiency and internal return of an organization. Keep in mind that the ratio is good or bad only if it is compared to the industry in which the organization is operating in. Some of the important ratios are: * Current Ratio * Asset Test Ratio * Return on Asset *...
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few years. The report entails a financial analysis and summaries, which will give the executive board an understanding of how... well the current managing director is performing, and whether his contract should be renewed. Figures were obtained from comparative balance sheets and profit and loss statements from the relevant years as well as additional information that was forwarded by the board. This information enabled the development of percentage and ratio analysis (see appendices), which was then...
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Chapter 13 … Analyzing Financial Statements Chapter Outline I. Basics of Analysis -- Transforming data into useful... information for decision making. A. Purpose of Analysis To help users (both internal and external) make better business decisions. 1. Internal users (managers, officers, internal auditors, consultants, budget officers, and market researchers) make the strategic and operating decisions of a company. 2. External users (shareholders, lenders, directors, customers, suppliers...
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MUYENZI Financial Decision Making for Managers Spring 2011-2012 Ratio and... Financial Statement Analysis Benefits and Limitations. Executive Summary This paper analyzes tools used in financial analysis such as ratios. Financial ratio analysis is a judicious way for different stakeholders to use for different goals. This paper demonstrates that financial ratio analysis is an important...
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Ratio Analysis Ratio analysis is basically used to understanding the financial... health of a business entity. With the help of ratios we can easily calculate from current year performance of the companies and are then compared to previous years. Ratio analysis conducts a quantitative analysis of information in a company’s financial statements. These Ratios are most commonly used in banking sector can be divided into five main categories Liquidity Ratios Leverage Ratios Profitability Ratios Activity...
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Professor: Date of submission: Introduction Ratio analysis is a strategy used to aid in assessing the... financial position of an organization. In healthcare finance, there are a lot of financial ratios, which have multiple descriptions. This report focuses on roles and analysis of financial ratios by category. In addition, it describes the comparison of financial ratios and national norms in Baltimore hospital. Ratios used in financial conditions are primarily driven by comparative data from...
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Financial Ratio Analysis Paper Dehlia Lopez FIN/575 March 25, 2010 University of Phoenix... Financial Ratio Analysis Ford Motor Company is one of the automotive industries largest and most successful auto makers with more than 164,000 employees and seventy manufacturing plants world wide, (Ford Motor Company, 2013). The firm is led by President & CEO, Alan Mulally who drives with a ”One Team, One Plan, One Goal, One Ford business strategy for achieving success”, (Ford Motor Company...
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A Financial Ratio Quarterly Trend Analysis of Honda Motor Co Ltd Stock Symbol: HMC Listed on the New... York Stock Exchange Prepared for: Deanne Butchey Department of Finance and Real Estate Florida International University Course: FIN 4606 By: xxxxxxxxxx Recommendations for Investors and Lenders Would you place a personal deposit of one million dollars or more in the publicly traded stock of this company? Honda is considered to be one of the best auto makers in the world;...
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Liquidity Ratios 1. Current Ratio Current Assets Current Liabilities 2. Quick Ratio Cash and... Cash Equivalents + Net Receivables Current Liabilities 3. Days Cash on Hand (DCOH) Unrestricted Cash and Cash Equivalents Cash Operation Expenses ÷ No. of Days in Period (365) 4. Days Receivables Net Receivables Net Credit Revenues ÷ No. of Days in Period (365) Solvency Ratios 5. Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR) Change in Unrestricted Net Assets (net income) + Interest, Depreciation, Amortization ...
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Financial Ratios Profitability ratios: measure the capacity to preserve the income equilibrium in... the future Financial strength ratios: measure the reliance of the firm on long-term risk capital Liquidity ratios: measure (short/long-term) solvency, i.e. the capacity for the company to pay bills as they arrive. Profitability Notes: Should be compared with a relevant time period Profitability should be assessed either: 1. Cross-sectional. E.g. compared to competitors/its market. 2. Time-series...
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some ratios might be void. Thanks :)! Good LuckRatio Analysis : Content* (1) analyse financial data; evaluate the... results and formulate conclusions* (2) prepare a budget and explain how it would be negotiated and monitored. * (3) produce a financial proposal and present a sound business case to secure the required financial resources. The figures can be fictitious. BibliographyPart 1) Technique used: Ratio AnalysisThe following table shows the ratios for the year 2005:Ratio* Profitability ROCE...
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Literature review………………page 2 Uses of ratios…………………...Page 2 Types of financial ratios………Page 3 ➢... Profitability ratios……….Page 3 ➢ Efficiency Ratios………....Page 4 ➢ Liquidity Ratios………….Page 5 ➢ Investment Ratios………..Page 6 Limitations of ratios…………..Page 8 Conclusion……………………..Page 8 Introduction. The primary purpose of accounting is to convey information about the business to management, investors, shareholders, government and other interested parties. However absolute...
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statement and balance sheet. There are certain ratios that can be used to measure profitability and asset utilization.... Financial statements allow the business to stop in time so that entrepreneurs and investors alike can measure the fiscal performance of the company. This article looks at vertical analysis as one method of analyzing financial statements. Vertical Analysis of the Financial Statements Vertical analysis compares different categories of the financial statements. The comparison is usually within...
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Ratio Analysis Ratio analysis is used to evaluate relationships among financial... statement items. The ratios are used to identify trends over time for one company or to compare two or more companies at one point in time. Financial statement ratio analysis focuses on three key aspects of a business: liquidity, profitability, and solvency. Liquidity ratios Liquidity ratios measure the ability of a company to repay its short‐term debts and meet unexpected cash needs. Current ratio. The current...
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Liquidity Ratio Analysis What It Measures Liquidity ratios are a set of... ratios or figures that measure a company’s ability to pay off its short-term debt obligations. This is done by measuring a company’s liquid assets (including those that might easily be converted into cash) against its short-term liabilities. There are a number of different liquidity ratios, which each measure slightly different types of assets when calculating the ratio. More conservative measures will exclude assets that...
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RATIO ANALYSIS (ALL VALUES IN Rs. MILLION) 1. GROSS PROFIT MARGIN (%): GROSS PROFIT = NET SALES – COGS = TOTAL... REVENUE – (Employee Benefit Expense + Operating and Other Expenses + Finance Costs) = 53107 – (22510+21598+1025) = 7974 GROSS PROFIT MARGIN = (NET SALES – COGS)/NET SALES = (7974/ 53107)*100 = 15.01497% 2. RETURN ON ASSET(RoA) RETURN ON ASSET = (PAT/TOTAL ASSET)*100 = (4606/63454)*100 = 7.258% This indicates that around 7.3% of all assets have been utilized...
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LIQUIDITY Liquidity ratios are used to determine a company’s ability to meet its short-term debt obligations.... Investors often take a close look at liquidity ratios when performing fundamental analysis on a firm. Since a company that is consistently having trouble meeting its short-term debt is at a higher risk of bankruptcy, liquidity ratios are a good measure of whether a company will be able to comfortably continue as a going concern. Working Capital Working capital is the amount by which...
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Samsung and LG: Financial Analysis \ SAMSUNG AND LG:... FINANCIAL ANALYSIS Samsun and LG’s are among the leading companies in South Korea. Samsung is a multinational corporation with several subsidiaries and associated business, mainly under the brand name Samsung. LG is also an international electronics organization that operates through its four divisions: Home Appliances, Mobile Communications, Air Conditioning and Energy...
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The company that I have selected for Financial Ratio analysis is GOOGLE. The Ratios... that I am going to analyze are grouped under four main headings: 1) Profitability Ratio 2) Liquidity Ratio 3) Debt Ratio 4) Market Ratio 1. Profitability Ratio - Profitability ratios measure the firm's use of its assets and control of its expenses to generate an acceptable rate of return. a. ROE - Return On Equity - Measures the rate of return on the ownership interest (shareholders' equity) of the common stock...
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Financial Ratios: What They MeanIn assessing the significance of various financial data, managers often engage in... ratio analysis, the process of determining and evaluating financial ratios. A financial ratio is a relationship that indicates something about a company's activities, such as the ratio between the company's current assets and current liabilities or between its accounts receivable and its annual sales. The basic source for these ratios is the company's financial statements that contain...
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Caterpillar Inc. Analysis FIN400 – Analyzing Financial Statements June 23, 2013 Caterpillar Inc. Analysis... Caterpillar Inc. is a global company headquartered Peoria, Illinois. They specialize in the manufacturing and selling of construction, mining, and farm equipment. Caterpillar Financial Services is a subsidiary company that offers financing options to their customers. I currently work of a construction company and I specialize in the accounting management of the company’s assets. Approximately...
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three of financial statement analysis are horizontal analysis, vertical... analysis, and ratio analysis. The function of all three analyses is to evaluate the significance of financial statements data. Horizontal analysis function is to evaluate and compare data given by the financial statement for at least two years with in its own company. Vertical analysis expresses the amounts of the financial statements as a percentage from the amounts given on the financial statements. Vertical analysis also makes...
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RATIO ANALYSIS Financial ratios are useful indicators of a firm's performance and... financial situation. Most ratios can be calculated from information provided by the financial statements. Financial ratios can be used to analyze trends and to compare the firm's financials to those of other firms. In some cases, ratio analysis can predict future bankruptcy. Financial ratios can be classified according to the information they provide. The following types of ratios frequently are used: 1. Liquidity...
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Course Project Horizontal Analysis – Week 2 Your outline should include (but is not limited to) the following. I. Choice of... Companies and an Overview of Their Operations and Industry – Briefly outline what each company does and its industry. (5 points) For my course project, I chose to compare the Pharmaceutical company Pfizer (NYSE: PFE) and its competitor Bristol-Myers Squibb (NYSE: BMY). Pfizer is Pfizer is the world’s leading pharmaceutical company with more than 122,000 employees worldwide...
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Session 15: Limitation of Ratio Analysis Learning Objective Explain to the participants on the limitation of... ratio analysis. Important Termss Creative accounting. Accounting Policies. Limitations of Ratios Accounting Information Different Accounting Policies The choices of accounting policies may distort inter company comparisons. Example IAS 16 allows valuation of assets to be based on either revalued amount or at depreciated historical cost. The business may opt not to revalue...
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